Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management
Editor-in-Chief: Renda-Tanali, Irmak
Managing Editor: McGee, Sibel, Ph.D.
4 Issues per year
IMPACT FACTOR 2013: 0.272
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Most Downloaded Articles
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Multi-Modal Mass Evacuation in Upstate New York: A Review of Disaster Plans
1University at Buffalo, State University of New York
2University at Buffalo, State University of New York
Citation Information: Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management. Volume 4, Issue 3, ISSN (Online) 1547-7355, DOI: 10.2202/1547-7355.1317, September 2007
- Published Online:
The devastating aftermath from Hurricane Katrina accentuates the need for localized disaster planning that considers those without access to automobilesincluding the poor, elderly, and disabled. Planning for evacuation during extreme events should consider the "carless" by paying special attention to the movement of people to safety using a combination of methodsby foot, public transit, coaches, and vans. Many Upstate New York places are ill prepared for the large-scale evacuation of the carless that may result from an extreme event. The share of households without vehicles in several Upstate citiesAlbany (28 percent), Buffalo (31 percent), and Syracuse (27 percent)surprisingly meets or exceeds the share in New Orleans when Hurricane Katrina struck. This study identifies strengths and weaknesses within upstate written disaster plans in regards to multi-modal evacuation. Findings suggest that many upstate placesexcept for those near nuclear power plantshave inadequate written plans for mass evacuation, especially when considering the carless population. We recommend future research directions to include wide samples, best practices for carless evacuations, and development of multi-modal evacuation models.