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Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management

Editor-in-Chief: Renda-Tanali, Irmak, D.Sc.

Managing Editor: McGee, Sibel, Ph.D.

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IMPACT FACTOR 2012: 0.422
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Between Safety and Security: The Policy Challenges of Transporting Toxic Inhalation Hazards

Lewis M. Branscomb1 / Ryan N. Ellis2 / Mark Fagan3

1Harvard University and University of California, San Diego

2Stanford University

3Harvard University

Citation Information: Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management. Volume 9, Issue 2, ISSN (Online) 1547-7355, DOI: 10.1515/1547-7355.1999, September 2012

Publication History:
Published Online:
2012-09-19

Abstract

The transportation of hazardous materials is vital to the U.S. economy and inherently dangerous. In the decade since the terrorist attacks of September 11th, 2001, policymakers have struggled to confront the distinct safety and security challenges associated with hazardous materials transportation. Reducing the risks of “toxic inhalation hazards,” a dangerous subset of hazardous materials, from both accidents and intentional disruptions is an ongoing source of controversy. In this paper, we examine proposed risk mitigation measures and outline a policy program designed to reduce the risks associated with hazardous materials transportation. The analysis highlights the limitations and counterproductive nature of narrowly-targeted strategies exclusively designed to confront either safety or security, and emphasizes the importance of comprehensive risk-mitigation strategies.

Keywords: safety; security; transporting; toxic; inhalation; hazards

Comments (3)

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  • HazMat Experts and Firefighters petition Dow Chemical and Union Pacific for safe rail tank cars transporting gas chlorine. Secondary containment is a necessary improvement that must be implemented. See--PETITION C KIT for First Responders Comments.

    posted by: Rudy Caparros Jr on 2012-12-27 05:33 AM (Europe/Berlin)

  • TOXIC TRAIN SAFETY - A First Responders Petition caused The Chlorine Institute to conduct a five-month study comparing the safety of secondary containment to the chlorine “C”-Kit for chlorine tank cars. The study proved secondary containment to be, by far, the safest technology for containing and preventing releases of chlorine gas. To see secondary containment - search “CHLORTANKER.”

    posted by: tgo tech on 2013-01-09 04:59 AM (Europe/Berlin)

  • WARNING: FIRST RESPONDERS’ use of THE CHLORINE INSTITUTE “C” KIT may cause the catastrophic failure of a chlorine tank car, instantly creating a toxic gas plume with a distance of not less than seven miles. The first mile will have chlorine concentrations of 1,000 ppm, causing death after one or two breaths with no opportunity for escape. To learn more, see PETITION C KIT, click on “First Responder Warnings.”

    posted by: Cal Chem on 2013-01-09 06:25 AM (Europe/Berlin)

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