Volume 6 (2009)
Volume 5 (2008)
Volume 4 (2007)
Volume 3 (2006)
Volume 2 (2005)
Most Downloaded Articles
- Biodiversity Law. The National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, Hanoi
- The Age of Personalized Genomics by Toole, Ciara and Rachul, Christen
- Challenging a Well Established Consent Norm?: One Time Consent for Biobank Research by Caulfield, Timothy/ Brown, Russell and Meslin, Eric M
- The Ethical and Regulatory Problems in the Stem Cell Scandal by Aera, Han
- Dialogue of Disciplines: ProcessNet and Biotechnologists Meet in Mannheim
The Growing Role of Genetic Professionals in Forensic DNA
1*Prof. of Genetics and Medicine (Faculty of Lisbon). Board Certified Specialist in Genetics. Fellow of the American College of Medical Genetics.
Citation Information: Journal of International Biotechnology Law. Volume 6, Issue 5, Pages 216–220, ISSN (Online) 1612-6067, ISSN (Print) 1612-6068, DOI: 10.1515/JIBL.2009.29, October 2009
- Published Online:
Through the last decade there was an enormous revolution in the field of forensic genetic.
The Author reviews some of the methodologies used in the definitions of DNA profiling tackling the principles of recombinant DNA techniques. The potentiality of polymorphic DNA fragments in vertebrates is focused as well as the revolution implied in forensic medicine. The resource to DNA-DNA hybridization combined to oligonucleotide probes is emphasized leading to the production of an individual bar code with the resource of genomic polymorphism which leads to a pattern known as genetic fingerprinting. Other techniques for individual identification and paternity testing are focused as well as the use of short tandem repeats (STR's). Mitochondrial DNA sequencing use to complement nuclear DNA typing may also be profitable in certain instances. Relevant problems within the context of the use of these techniques in forensic medicine and law suits are discussed. Final considerations viewing the resource to DNA technology within the scope of the last two decades are referred regarding the resource to DNA profiles not only in the US but in Europe in general and in Portugal in special having lead to compensation and uncover of justice errors.