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Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism

Editor-in-Chief: Kiess, Wieland

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Age and Sex Differences in Fat Distribution in Non-Obese Japanese Children

Eiichiro Satake1 / Yuichi Nakagawa1 / Akira Kubota2 / Hirokazu Saegusa3 / Shin-ichiro Sano1 / Takehiko Ohzeki1

1Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, 1-20-1 Handayama, Higashi-ku, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka, Japan

2Kikugawa General Hospital, 1632 Higashiyokochi, Kikugawa, Shizuoka, Japan

3Ensyu General Hospital, 1-1 Chuo-itchome, Naka-ku, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka, Japan

Corresponding author: Eiichiro Satake,

Citation Information: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism. Volume 23, Issue 9, Pages 873–878, ISSN (Online) 2191-0251, ISSN (Print) 0334-018X, DOI: 10.1515/jpem.2010.141, December 2010

Publication History

Published Online:
2010-12-22

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess fat distribution in non-obese Japanese children and adolescents.

Design: 130 non-obese Japanese children (73 boys and 57 girls) from Kikugawa, Hamamatsu were included. The visceral fat area (VFA) and subcutaneous fat area (SFA) were measured by computed tomography (CT) and calculated (in cm2). Subjects were divided into three groups based on age: group A (6-10 years), group B (11-15 years), and group C (16-20 years).

Results: Girls had more subcutaneous fat than boys in groups B and C (P<0.01). Boys had an age-dependent increase in visceral fat, but girls did not. In group C (16-20 years), boys had more visceral fat than girls (P<0.01).

Conclusions: In non-obese Japanese children, there are significant differences in visceral and subcutaneous fat amounts by age and sex. VFA seems to accumulate more in boys than in girls, and SFA is more prevalent in girls than boys.

KEY WORDS: visceral fat; adolescents; normal; CT; children; sex differences; metabolic syndrome

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