Journal of Perinatal Medicine
Official Journal of the World Association of Perinatal Medicine
Editor-in-Chief: Dudenhausen, Joachim W.
Editorial Board Member: / Bancalari, Eduardo / Greenough, Anne / Genc, Mehmet R. / Chervenak, Frank A. / Chappelle, Joseph / Bergmann, Renate L. / Bernardes, J.F. / Bevilacqua, G. / Blickstein, Isaac / Cabero Roura, Luis / Carbonell-Estrany, Xavier / Carrera, Jose M. / D`Addario, Vincenzo / D'Alton, MD, Mary E. / Dimitrou, G. / Grunebaum, Amos / Hentschel, Roland / Köpcke, W. / Kawabata, Ichiro / Keirse, Marc J.N.C. / Kurjak M.D., Asim / Lee, Ben H. / Levene, Malcolm / Lockwood, Charles J. / Marsal, Karel / Makatsariya, Alexander / Nishida, Hiroshi / Ogata, Edward / Papp, Zoltán / Pejaver, Ranjan Kumar / Pooh, Ritsuko K. / Romero, Roberto / Saugstad, Ola D. / Schenker, Joseph G. / Sen, Cihat / Seri, Istvan / Vetter, Klaus / Winn, Hung N. / Young, Bruce K. / Zimmermann, Roland
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Seroprevalence and risk factors associated with herpes simplex virus infection among pregnant women
1Department Adults 3 of National Institute of Infectious Diseases “Professor Dr. Matei Bals” Bucharest, Romania
2Department of Obstetrics-Gynecology, Elias University Emergency Hospital, Bucharest, Romania
3Department Adults 3 of National Institute of Infectious Diseases “Professor Dr. Matei Bals” Bucharest, Romania
4Department Adults 2 of National Institute of Infectious Diseases “Professor Dr. Matei Bals” Bucharest, Romania
5University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Carol Davila”, Bucharest, Romania
6Department Adults 3 of National Institute of Infectious Diseases “Professor Dr. Matei Bals” Bucharest, Romania
7Laboratory of Virology, National Institute of Infectious Diseases “Professor Dr. Matei Bals” Bucharest, Romania
8University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Carol Davila”, Bucharest, Romania
9Hospices Civils de Lyon, Service de Biostatistique, Lyon, F-69424, France; Université de Lyon Université Lyon I, Villeurbanne, F-69622, France; CNRS; UMR 5558, Laboratoire Biostatistique Santé, Pierre-Bénite, F-69495, France
Citation Information: Journal of Perinatal Medicine. Volume 36, Issue 3, Pages 206–212, ISSN (Online) 16193997, ISSN (Print) 0300-5577, DOI: 10.1515/JPM.2008.046, May 2008
- Published Online:
Objectives: To estimate the type-specific seroprevalence and identify the risk factors associated with herpes simplex virus (HSV)-2 infection in pregnant women in Bucharest, Romania.
Methods: A prospective survey was conducted in 452 subjects, aged 15–39 years, at the Elias Hospital, during the years 2004–2005. We evaluated serum IgG anti-bodies to HSV-1 and HSV-2 using the HerpeSelect® ELISA test. All subjects completed an epidemiological questionnaire.
Results: Seroprevalence was 87.3% and 15.1% for HSV-1 and HSV-2, respectively. The risk factors for HSV-2 infection were lower level of education and a greater number of sexual partners. Elementary school and high-school graduates were 6.28 and 2.26 times more exposed than University graduates. Having 2–3 partners and more than three partners was associated with 2.43 and 4.26 times the risk of acquiring HSV-2, compared with having one partner.
Conclusions: In pregnant women, HSV-1 seroprevalence was higher than in Western Europe but similar to that in Eastern Europe. HSV-2 seroprevalence was within European ranges. Both were lower than in the USA. Risk factors for HSV-2 infection may lead to prevention programs.
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