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Journal of Perinatal Medicine

Official Journal of the World Association of Perinatal Medicine

Editor-in-Chief: Dudenhausen, Joachim W.

Editorial Board Member: / Bancalari, Eduardo / Greenough, Anne / Genc, Mehmet R. / Chervenak, Frank A. / Chappelle, Joseph / Bergmann, Renate L. / Bernardes, J.F. / Bevilacqua, G. / Blickstein, Isaac / Cabero Roura, Luis / Carbonell-Estrany, Xavier / Carrera, Jose M. / D`Addario, Vincenzo / D'Alton, MD, Mary E. / Dimitrou, G. / Grunebaum, Amos / Hentschel, Roland / Köpcke, W. / Kawabata, Ichiro / Keirse, M.J.M.C. / Kurjak M.D., Asim / Levene, Malcolm / Lockwood, Charles J. / Marsal, Karel / Makatsariya, Alexander / Nishida, Hiroshi / Papp, Zoltán / Pejaver, Ranjan Kumar / Pooh, Ritsuko K. / Saugstad, Ola D. / Schenker, Joseph G. / Sen, Cihat / Seri, MD, PhD, HonD, Istvan / Vetter, Klaus / Winn, MD, Hung N. / Young, Bruce K. / Zimmermann, Roland

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Weight gain and dietary intake during pregnancy in industrialized countries – a systematic review of observational studies

Ina Streuling1 / 1 / Eva Rosenfeld2 / Britta Schukat1 / Rüdiger von Kries1

1Institute of Social Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Division of Epidemiology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Germany

2Bavarian State Research Centre of Agriculture (LfL), Institute of Food and Market, Munich, Germany

Corresponding author: Dr. Andreas Beyerlein, MSc Ludwig-Maximilians University of Munich Institute for Social Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine Division of Epidemiology Heiglhofstr. 63 Munich 81377 Germany Tel.: +49-89-71009-120 Fax: +49-89-71009-315

Citation Information: Journal of Perinatal Medicine. Volume 39, Issue 2, Pages 123–129, ISSN (Online) 1619-3997, ISSN (Print) 0300-5577, DOI: 10.1515/jpm.2010.127, November 2010

Publication History

Received:
2010-05-12
Revised:
2010-08-11
Accepted:
2010-08-13
Published Online:
2010-11-11

Abstract

Background: Gestational weight gain (GWG) above the recently recommended ranges is likely to be related to adverse pregnancy outcomes and therefore a challenge in industrialized countries.

Aims: We conducted a systematic review on observational studies in order to gain more evidence on whether diets with lower caloric/protein content or other diets might be associated with lower GWG.

Methods: We searched in MEDLINE and EMBASE for observational studies written in English or German reporting associations between diet and GWG in singleton pregnancies of healthy women in industrialized countries.

Results: We identified 12 studies which met the inclusion criteria. Five studies suggested significant positive associations between energy intake and GWG, whereas three found no significant association. Further significant positive associations of GWG were reported with respect to protein intake, animal lipids, energy density and a number of different food servings per day, whereas intake of carbohydrates and vegetarian diet were associated with less GWG.

Conclusions: We suggest that GWG might be reduced by lower energy intake in pregnancy.

Keywords: Energy intake; gestational weight gain; nutrition; pregnancy

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