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Journal of Plant Protection Research

The Journal of Polish Society of Plant Protection, Committee of Plant Protection; Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Plant Protection – National Research Institute

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Sheath Brown Rot Disease of Rice Caused by Pseudomonas Fuscovaginae in the Peninsular Malaysia

Azmi Razak1 / Nur Zainudin1 / Siti Sidiqe1 / Nor Ismail1 / Nik Mohamad1 / Baharuddin Salleh1

Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute, Seberang Perai Research Station, 13200 Kepala Batas, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia1

Biology Department, Faculty of Science, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia2

Agrotechnology Department, Faculty of Agrotechnology and Food Science, University Malaysia Terengganu, Mengabang Teilpot 21030 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia3

School of Biological Sciences, University Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia4

This content is open access.

Citation Information: Journal of Plant Protection Research. Volume 49, Issue 3, Pages 244–249, ISSN (Online) 1899-007X, ISSN (Print) 1427-4345, DOI: 10.2478/v10045-009-0037-x, September 2009

Publication History

Published Online:
2009-09-29

Sheath Brown Rot Disease of Rice Caused by Pseudomonas Fuscovaginae in the Peninsular Malaysia

Relative to the established and well known rice diseases, sheath brown rot caused by Pseudomonas fuscovaginae can be considered new but getting widespread and serious all over the world. Our research was aimed to monitor and quantify the incidence and importance of the disease in Malaysia. A series of field monitoring and sampling were conducted to quantify the incidence and severity of the disease. Laboratory analysis of the collected diseased plant was done to identify the causal organism. Disease resistance screening of selected rice cultivars were also conducted to overcome the problem. The disease was found to become more important, prevalent and widely spread throughout rice growing areas in Peninsular Malaysia. Infected plants in the field became yellowish, lower leaf sheaths turned light or dark brown, while grains produced by an infected plant were discoloured, malformed and empty. The highest disease incidence was recorded in the state of Pahang (62%) and Selangor (62%), while the most severe infection was recorded in Pahang (55%) and Terengganu (61%). The evaluations of varietal resistance evaluation showed that the pathogen naturally infected all tested rice varieties at different levels of infection. Several rice varieties i.e. MR240, MR243, MR244, MR245, MR246, MR248 and MR249, classified as moderately resistant to the disease, could be recommended for planting in the next planting season.

Brązowa Zgnilizna Pochew Liściowych Ryżu Wywoływana Przez Pseudomonas Fuscovaginae na Półwyspie Malajskim

Brązowa zgnilizna pochew liściowych ryżu wywoływana przez Pseudomonas fuscovaginae może być uznana w porównaniu do innych, powszechnie występujących i dobrze znanych chorób ryżu za nową, ale rozprzestrzeniającą się i ważną na całym świecie. Podjęte badania miały na celu monitorowanie i zbadanie jej występowania, i znaczenia na Malajach. W celu określenia występowania i nasilenia choroby wykonano seryjny monitoring oraz przeprowadzono pobieranie prób. Wykonano analizy labolatoryjne zebranych roślin w celu określenia sprawcy choroby. Przeprowadzono testowanie wybranych odmian ryżu pod kątem ich odporności na patogena celem ograniczenia jego występowania. Wykazano, że choroba nabiera znaczenia i często występuje we wszystkich rejonach uprawy ryżu na półwyspie Malajskim. W polu zakażone rośliny żółkną, dolna pochwa liściowa staje się jasno- i ciemnobrązowa, a ziarno wytworzone przez chorą roślinę jest przebarwione, zniekształcone i puste. Najczęstsze występowanie choroby zanotowano w stanie Pahang (62%) i Selangor (62%), podczas gdy najsilniejsze porażenie stwierdzono w Pahang (55%0 i Terengganu (61%). Ocena odporności odmian wykazała, że patogen porażał naturalnie wszystkie odmiany ryżu, w zróżnicowanym stopniu. Kilka odmian zaklasyfikowano jako średnio odporne, t.j.: MR240, MR243, MR244, MR245, MR246, MR248 i MR 249, mogło być polecane do sadzenia w następnym sezonie wegetacyjnym.

Keywords: rice; Pseudomonas fuscovaginae; bacterial disease; sheath brown rot; resistant varieties

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