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Kultura i Spoleczenstwo

The Journal of Polish Academy of Sciences

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Stygmatyzacja społeczna jako strategia dyskursywna biedy i jej rola w procesie wykluczenia społecznego

1Uniwersytet Łódzki

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Citation Information: Kultura i Spoleczenstwo. Volume 56, Issue 1, Pages 175–189, ISSN (Print) 0023-5172, DOI: 10.2478/v10276-012-0009-1, October 2012

Publication History

Published Online:
2012-10-21

Summary

The article offers an overview of literature on the subject (including sociological texts dealing with the concept of the welfare stigma), and also presents the author’s own reflections, referring to the problem of stigmatization and social exclusion of the poor. The article analyses concepts that explain the stigmatizing and humiliating impact of poverty such as: (i) Othering (treating someone as the Other); (ii) povertyism; and finally (iii) the welfare stigma. Theoretical analyses are supplemented by the results of the author’s own qualitative research on stigmatization of female social care recipients, which shed light on the rarely analyzed relative and symbolic aspects of poverty, such as shame, humiliation, feeling of exclusion, lower self-esteem, feeling of uselessness and lack of control over one’s life. This approach, hitherto rarely applied in Polish sociology, offers promising explanatory possibilities.

Keywords/słowa kluczowe: discourses of poverty / dyskursy ubóstwa;; social stigma / stygmatyzacja społeczna; social exclusion / wykluczenie społeczne;; povertyism, Othering, welfare stigma / piętno biedy korzystania z pomocy społecznej

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