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Laboratory Phonology

Journal of the Association for Laboratory Phonology

Ed. by Cole, Jennifer

4 Issues per year

Realization of voiceless stops and vowels in conversational French and Spanish

aCenter for Language Studies, Radboud Universiteit

bMax Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics

Citation Information: Laboratory Phonology. Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 331–353, ISSN (Online) 1868-6354, ISSN (Print) 1868-6346, DOI: 10.1515/labphon.2011.012, October 2011

Publication History

Published Online:
2011-10-13

Abstract

The present study compares the realization of intervocalic voiceless stops and vowels surrounded by voiceless stops in conversational Spanish and French. Our data reveal significant differences in how these segments are realized in each language. Spanish voiceless stops tend to have shorter stop closures, display incomplete closures more often, and exhibit more voicing than French voiceless stops. As for vowels, more cases of complete devoicing and greater degrees of partial devoicing were found in French than in Spanish. Moreover, all French vowel types exhibit significantly lower F1 values than their Spanish counterparts. These findings indicate that the extent of reduction that a segment type can undergo in conversational speech can vary significantly across languages. Language differences in coarticulatory strategies and “base-of-articulation” are discussed as possible causes of our observations.

Citing Articles

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[1]
Kuniko Y. Nielsen
Journal of Phonetics, 2015, Volume 52, Page 70
[2]
Daniel Recasens and Meritxell Mira
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 2015, Volume 137, Number 1, Page 397
[5]
Pedro Macizo, Cyma Van Petten, and Polly L. O’Rourke
Brain and Language, 2012, Volume 123, Number 2, Page 113

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