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Aims and Scope
The Law and Development Review (LDR) is sponsored by the Law and Development Institute. For more information please visit the Institute's website: www.lawanddevelopment.net
The Law and Development Review (LDR) is distinguished from other law and economics journals in that its primary focus is the development aspects of international and domestic legal orders. Economic development concerns not only the interests of developing countries but also the economic future and the security of developed countries.
The journal helps exchange views globally on this important subject, particularly on the gap between the developed and developing worlds. LDR helps facilitate future global negotiations concerning the economic development of developing countries and sets out future directions for law and development studies.
The journal seeks top-quality articles on law and development issues broadly, particularly from the developing world as well as from the developed world. LDR’s editorial board includes top scholars and professionals from all parts of the developed and developing worlds.
Please Note: Authors are asked to consider that some LDR readers may not have a background in mathematics. When mathematics is used, the major premises in the argument and its conclusions should be made intelligible to a reader without training in mathematics. In your submissions, place the mathematical portions of arguments in a footnote or an appendix, rather than in the main text, wherever possible, and minimize the use of mathematics in the main text.
The Editor of the LDR, Y.S. Lee, has edited a newly published book entitled, "Microtrade: A New System of International Trade with Volunteerism Towards Poverty Elimination". Please follow the link for more information: http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415826006/
- Type of Publication:
Instructions for Authors
Final Manuscript Preparation Guidelines
Please find here details on copyediting, typesetting, and layout requirements pertaining to final manuscript submission to this journal. All manuscripts must have correct formatting to be considered ready for publication.
The EdiKit system has been designed to improve the scholarly publication process for authors. Among the many improvements we offer over traditional journals, the most significant is that we have dramatically shortened the period between the initial submission and the final publication of a peer-reviewed article. Much of this time savings is due to the innovative use of electronic publication. These innovations, however, require certain changes in the way authors need to prepare accepted manuscripts for electronic publication.
De Gruyter does not copyedit manuscripts for this journal until further notice. However, De Gruyter does offer support to authors during the process. Authors are their own copyeditors and typesetters. This means that authors need to pay greater attention to the editing and look of their manuscripts than is typically required by print journals. If you have reasons to doubt your proficiency with respect to spelling, grammar, etc. (e.g., because English is not your native language), then you may wish to employ—at your expense—the services of a professional copyeditor.
Please get in touch with the copyeditors directly to discuss details.
- Alexandra Griswold
Areas of expertise: public policy, political science, education, economics, social sciences, humanities, ethics
- Cyndy Brown
Areas of expertise: political science, social sciences, humanities, ethics
- Donna Reeder
Reeder Literary Services
Areas of expertise: political science, economics, mathematical economics, natural sciences, social sciences, technology, law, humanities, liberal arts, literary studies, health and medicine
- Dorothy Schepps
Areas of expertise: political science, emergency management, homeland security, community/land use planning, law, economics, cyber terrorism, and cyber security
- Jane Cotnoir
Areas of expertise: Local government management, international crime and terrorism, emergency/disaster management, humanities, social science
- Patience Kramer
Areas of expertise: Health and Medicine (CAM and drug policy and analysis), Economics and Business (with a focus on marketing)
- Steve Peter
Areas of expertise: LaTeX, Linguistics, economics, mathematics
CONTENT and STRUCTURE
- Copyedit your manuscript.
- Do not include a title page or abstract. (Begin the document with the introduction. The title page and abstract will be added to your paper by the EdiKit system.)
- Do not include page numbers, headers, or footers. (The EdiKit system will add the appropriate header with page numbers).
- Do not identify author names in the actual text of your manuscript; all such information is discarded when we receive your submission. To add or edit co-authors, you must use the “revise submission” form.
- Make sure all author and co-author information is complete. Click on “Preview submission” to make sure that all your co-authors' names and affiliations appear correctly.
- Do not include acknowledgments in your manuscript. Instead, enter acknowledgments in the coverpage footnote section on the “revise submission” form, so that they may be incorporated into the title page produced for publication.
- Write your article in English (unless the journal expressly permits non-English submissions).
- Submit your manuscript, including tables, figures, appendices, etc., as a single file (Word, RTF, or PDF files are accepted).
- Use the following document structure (keep in mind that there is no title page):
- Introduction (titling this section is optional)
- Subsequent sections which include all tables, figures, and footnotes referenced in the text
- Appendices (if any)
- References - Include a proper bibliography following the guidelines in the References section below.
- Book reviews must start with the citation of the book at the top of the first page.
PAGE LAYOUT and SPACING
- Page size must be 8.5 x 11-inches (“letter” size). Do not use A4.
- All margins (left, right, top and bottom) must be 1.5 inches (3.8 cm), including your tables and figures.
- Single space your text.
- Use a single column layout with both left and right margins justified. (Footnotes and references must be both left- and right- justified as well.)
- Indent all paragraphs except those following a section heading.
- An indent should be at least 10 em-spaces.
- Equations, long quotations, theorems, propositions, special remarks, tables, figures, etc. should be set off from the surrounding text by additional space above and below. Otherwise, do not insert an extra space between paragraphs of text.
- Do not “widow” or “orphan” text; make sure that headings are on the same page as the text that follows them, and do not begin a page with the last line of a paragraph. This also applies to titles or notes attached to tables.
- There should be no pages where more than a quarter of the page is empty space, unless it is absolutely impossible to do so.
- All text should be fully justified, left and right (i.e., flush with the left and right margins).
TYPE and SIZE
We cannot accept Type3 fonts. The following is a brief guide to fonts with respect to layout.
- Main Body—12 pt. Times or the closest comparable font available
- Equations—12 pt. Times or the closest comparable font available
- Footnotes—10 pt. Times or the closest comparable font available
- Tables, graphs & figures—Text accompanying graphs, figures and tables should be no smaller than 8 pt.
Use Times or the closest comparable font available, except, possibly, where special symbols are needed. If you desire a second font, for instance for headings, use a sans serif font (e.g., Arial or Computer Modern Sans Serif).
- Set the font color to black for the majority of the text. De Gruyter encourages authors to take advantage of the ability to use color in the production of figures, maps, images, and graphs. However, you need to appreciate that this will cause some of your readers problems when they print the document on a black and white printer. For this reason, you are advised to avoid the use of colors in situations where their translation to black and white would render the material illegible or incomprehensible.
- Please ensure that there are no colored mark-ups or comments in the final version, unless they are meant to be part of the final text. (You may need to “accept all changes” in track changes or set your document to “normal” in final markup.)
EMPHASIZED TEXT, TITLES, and FOREIGN TERMS
- To indicate text you wish to emphasize, use italics rather than underlining. The use of color to emphasize text is discouraged.
- Foreign terms should be set in italics rather than underlined.
- Titles of books, movies, etc., should be set in italics rather than underlined.
Use headings (e.g. title of sections) in the following order.
I., II., III., … (roman numerals)
A., B., C., … (capital letters)
1., 2., 3.,…(Arabian numerals)
a., b., c., (lower-case letters)
- Do not indent headings.
- There should be double space between headings in either roman numerals or capitalized letters and the last line of the preceding paragraphs. There should be single space for all lower headings.
- Use font 13 pt, bold, and small caps for headings in roman numerals, and use font 12 pt, bold, but no small caps for headings in capital letters. Use font 12 pt, no bold, and no small caps for all lower headings.
- Capitalize the first letter of every word except conjunctions and articles in all headings followed by roman numerals and capital letters; and capitalize only the first letter of the first letter and leave the rest in lower case in all lower headings.
- There should be double space between a period mark following a heading number (letter) and the first word in the heading.
- Footnotes must appear at the bottom of the page on which they are referenced rather than at the end of the paper.
- Footnotes must be in 10 pt. Times or closest comparable font available.
- They must be single spaced, and there must be a footnote separator rule (line).
- Please make sure there is no excess blank space above or below the footnote line divider.
- Footnote numbers or symbols in the text must follow, rather than precede, punctuation.
- Excessively long footnotes are better handled in an appendix.
- All footnotes should be fully justified, left and right (i.e., flush with the left and right margins).
TABLES, FIGURES & GRAPHS
- If figures are included, use high-resolution figures, preferably encoded as encapsulated * PostScript (eps).
- To the extent possible, tables and figures should appear in the document near where they are referenced in the text.
- Large tables or figures should be put on pages by themselves.
- Make sure to use at least 8 pt. font size in tables, figures and graphs.
- Everything must be easily readable when viewed on a computer screen at 100% and when physically printed.
- In no case should tables or figures be in a separate document or file. All tables and figures must fit within 1.5" margins on all sides (top, bottom, left and right) in both portrait and landscape view.
MATHEMATICS and EQUATIONS
- Roman letters used in mathematical expressions as variables must be italicized. Roman letters used as part of multi-letter function names should not be italicized. Subscripts and superscripts must be a smaller font size than the main text.
- Use 12 pt. Times or the closest comparable font available
- Type short mathematical expressions inline.
- Longer expressions must appear as display math, as must expressions using many different levels (e.g., such as fractions).
- Important definitions or concepts can also be set off as display math.
- Number your equations sequentially.
- Insert a blank line before and after each equation.
- Whether equation numbers are on the right or left is the choice of the author(s). However, make sure to be consistent in this.
- Avoid symbols and notation in unusual fonts. This will not only enhance the clarity of the manuscript, but it will also help ensure that it displays correctly on the reader's screen and prints correctly.
- When proofing your document, pay particular attention to the rendering of the mathematics, especially symbols and notation drawn from other-than-standard fonts.
All references must be provided in footnotes. Reference style must comply with the Citation Guidelines (available under the Supplementary Materials Section (originally published by Kluwer Law International).
It is the author's obligation to provide complete references with the necessary information. Our editors do not check this.For the "References" section at the end of the text,
- Use font 13 pt, bold, small caps for the section heading, "References." There should be a double space between the section heading and the last line of the preceding paragraph.
- After the last sentence of your submission (text or appendix), please insert a line break not a page break and begin your references on the same page.
- Do not split an individual reference between two pages. If the entirety of the reference does not fit on the page it starts on, then move the entire reference to start on the following page.
- References must be in alphabetical order and have margins that are both left- and right- justified. You may choose not to right-justify the margin of individual references if the spacing looks too awkward.
- Use hanging indents for citations (i.e., the first line of the citation should be flush with the left margin and all other lines should be indented from the left margin by a 3/8-inch space). Citations should be single-spaced without extra space between citations.
Law and Development Review is covered by the following services:
- EBSCO Discovery Service
- Google Scholar
- Naviga (Softweco)
- Primo Central (ExLibris)
- ProQuest (relevant databases)
- Research Papers in Economics (RePEc)
- Summon (Serials Solutions/ProQuest)
- TDOne (TDNet)
- Ulrich's Periodicals Directory/ulrichsweb
- WorldCat (OCLC)
Yong-Shik Lee, The Law and Development Institute
Mitsuo Matsushita, University of Tokyo Faculty of Law
Michael Trebilcock, University of Toronto Law School
Editorial Board Members
William Alford, Harvard Law School
Douglas Arner, University of Hong Kong Faculty of Law
Tomer Broude, Faculty of Law and Department of International Relations, Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Ha-Joon Chang, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge
Won-Mok Choi, College of Law, Ewha Womans University, Korea
Robert Cooter, University of California at Berkeley School of Law
Diogo Coutinho, University of São Paulo
Melaku Desta, University of Dundee, U.K.
Salim Farrar, University of Sydney Law School
James Gathii, Albany Law School
Tom Ginsburg, University of Chicago Law School
Gary Horlick, former head of U.S. Department of Commerce Import Administration
David Kennedy, Brown University and European Law Research Center, Harvard Law School
Andrew Lang, School of Law, London School of Economics
Chang Hee Lee, School of Law, Seoul National University
Jai S. Mah, Graduate School of International Studies, Ewha Womans University, Korea
Mitsuo Matsushita, University of Tokyo, and former member of the WTO Appellate Body
Petros Mavroidis, Columbia Law School, University of Neuchatel, and CEPR
Bryan Mercurio, Chinese University of Hong Kong School of Law
Junji Nakagawa, Institute of Social Science, University of Tokyo
Colin Picker, University of New South Wales Faculty of Law
Balakrishnan Rajagopal, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, International Development Group
Dani Rodrik, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University
Susan Rose-Ackerman, Law School and Department of Political Science, Yale University
Alvaro Santos, Georgetown University Law Center
Alan O. Sykes, Stanford Law School
Yasuhei Taniguchi, Kyoto University, and former member of the WTO Appellate Body
Veronica Taylor, University of Washington School of Law
Joel Trachtman, The Fletcher School, Tufts University
Edwin Vermulst, Partner, Vermulst, Verhaegue, and Graafsma and Editor-in-Chief, Journal of World Trade
Jiangyu Wang, National University of Singapore Faculty of Law
Klaus Ziegert, University of Sydney Law School
David Reay, Seattle University School of Law
Editorial Assistants (2012)
Erin O’Leary, Seattle University School of Law
Lindsay Rogers, Seattle University School of Law
Flora Ho, University of Sydney Faculty of Law
Mary Najdzin, Seattle University School of Law
Sally Adams, Seattle University School of Law
Erica Woodruff, University of Denver School of Law
Ernie Collette, Seattle University School of Law
Stephen Brown, Seattle University School of Law
Bryan Krislock, Seattle University School of Law
Ying Jacobs, Seattle University School of Business Administration
Jesse Fishman, University of Denver School of Law
Jesse Jacobs, Seattle University School of Law