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Law and Development Review

Editor-in-Chief: Lee, Y.S.

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    Aims and Scope

    The Law and Development Review (LDR) is sponsored by the Law and Development Institute. For more information please visit the Institute's website:

    The Law and Development Review (LDR) is distinguished from other law and economics journals in that its primary focus is the development aspects of international and domestic legal orders. Economic development concerns not only the interests of developing countries but also the economic future and the security of developed countries.

    The journal helps exchange views globally on this important subject, particularly on the gap between the developed and developing worlds. LDR helps facilitate future global negotiations concerning the economic development of developing countries and sets out future directions for law and development studies.

    The journal seeks top-quality articles on law and development issues broadly, particularly from the developing world as well as from the developed world. LDR’s editorial board includes top scholars and professionals from all parts of the developed and developing worlds.


    The Editor of the LDR, Y.S. Lee, has edited a newly published book entitled, "Microtrade: A New System of International Trade with Volunteerism Towards Poverty Elimination". Please follow the link for more information:


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    Instructions for Authors

    This document provides authors with details on policy, copyediting, formatting, and layout requirements pertaining to final manuscript submission to this journal. All manuscripts must have correct formatting to be considered for publication. 
    The manuscript submission and review process is handled through ScholarOne Manuscripts. All manuscripts should be submitted to


    Unpublished material: Submission of a manuscript implies that the work described is not copyrighted, published or submitted elsewhere, except in abstract form. The corresponding author should ensure that all authors approve the manuscript before its submission.

    Ethical conduct of research: The authors must describe and confirm safeguards to meet ethical standards.
    Conflict of interest: When authors submit a manuscript, they are responsible for recognizing and disclosing financial and/or other conflicts of interest that might bias their work and/or could inappropriately influence his/her judgment. If no specified acknowledgement is given, the Publishers assume that no conflict of interest exists.

    Copyright: Manuscripts are accepted on condition of transfer of copyright (for U.S. government employees: to the extent transferable) to Law and Development Review. Full copyright transfer terms can be viewed on the first step of the submission process.

    A manuscript that is already being considered by another journal for publication must not be submitted for review.

    The ScholarOne system has been designed to improve the scholarly publication process for authors. Among the many improvements we offer over traditional journals, the most significant is that we have dramatically shortened the period between the initial submission and the final publication of a peer-reviewed article. Much of this time savings is due to the innovative use of electronic publication. These innovations, however, require certain changes in the way authors need to prepare accepted manuscripts for electronic publication.

    De Gruyter does provide a light copyedit of manuscripts for this journal, but authors remain responsible for being their own copyeditors.

    All manuscripts must be written in clear and concise English.  If you have reasons to doubt your proficiency with respect to spelling, grammar, etc. (e.g., because English is not your native language), then you may wish to employ—at your expense—the services of a professional language editor.
    Please get in touch with the Language Editors directly to discuss details.

    • Alexandra Griswold
    Areas of expertise: public policy, political science, education, economics, social sciences, humanities, ethics
    • Cyndy Brown
    Areas of expertise: political science, social sciences, humanities, ethics
    • Donna Reeder
    Reeder Literary Services
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    • Jane Cotnoir
    Areas of expertise: Local government management, international crime and terrorism, emergency/disaster management, humanities, social science
    • Patience Kramer
    Areas of expertise: Health and Medicine (CAM and drug policy and analysis), Economics and Business (with a focus on marketing)
    • Steve Peter
    Areas of expertise: LaTeX, Linguistics, economics, mathematics 

    • Manuscripts should be submitted as Word, docx, rtf, or LaTex files
    • If your manuscript contains special characters, equations, etc. please make sure to also supply a PDF version as a reference file.  This will be used to ensure any formatting issues introduced during the submission process can be corrected accurately.
    • Write your article in English
    • Use the following document structure:
    1. Introduction (titling this section is optional)
    2. Subsequent sections which include tables, references to figures and figure captions.
    3. Appendices (if any).
    4. Explanation of symbols mentioned in the text.
    5. References - Include a proper bibliography following the guidelines in the References section below.
    6.  Please supply figures in separate files, not embedded in the text.   Please see the “Tables, Figures, and Graphs” section below for more detailed instructions regarding figure submission.

    • Book reviews must start with the citation of the book at the top of the first page.

    • Only use Unicode fonts (e.g. Times New Roman, Arial)

    • Set the font color to black for the majority of the text. De Gruyter encourages authors to take advantage of the ability to use color in the production of figures, maps, images, and graphs. However, you need to appreciate that this will cause some of your readers problems when they print the document on a black and white printer. For this reason, you are advised to avoid the use of colors in situations where their translation to black and white would render the material illegible or incomprehensible.

    • To indicate text you wish to emphasize, use italics rather than underlining. The use of color to emphasize text is discouraged.
    • Foreign terms should be set in italics rather than underlined.
    • Titles of books, movies, etc., should be set in italics rather than underlined.

    Use headings (e.g. title of sections) in the following order.
    1, 2, 3
    1.1, 1.2, 1.3
    1.1.1, 1.1.2, 1.1.3
    • Do not indent headings.

    • Footnotes must appear at the bottom of the page on which they are referenced rather than at the end of the paper.
    • Footnote citations must comply with the Citation Guidelines (available under the Supplementary Materials Section.
    • They must be single spaced, and there must be a footnote separator rule (line).
    • Please make sure there is no excess blank space above or below the footnote line divider.
    • Footnote numbers or symbols in the text must follow, rather than precede, punctuation.
    • Excessively long footnotes are better handled in an appendix.
    • All footnotes should be fully justified, left and right (i.e., flush with the left and right margins).

    • If figures are included, use high-resolution figures, preferably encoded as encapsulated * PostScript (eps).
    • To the extent possible, tables and figures should appear in the document near where they are referenced in the text.
    • Large tables or figures should be put on pages by themselves.
    • Make sure to use at least 8 pt. font size in tables, figures and graphs.
    • Everything must be easily readable when viewed on a computer screen at 100% and when physically printed.
    • In no case should tables or figures be in a separate document or file. All tables and figures must fit within 1.5" margins on all sides (top, bottom, left and right) in both portrait and landscape view.

    Authors are asked to consider that some LDR readers may not have a background in mathematics. When mathematics is used, the major premises in the argument and its conclusions should be made intelligible to a reader without training in mathematics. In your submissions, place the mathematical portions of arguments in a footnote or an appendix, rather than in the main text, wherever possible, and minimize the use of mathematics in the main text. When using equations, please ensure that they are typed or created with a plug-in, such as Word Formula Editor or MathType. Mathematical expressions must not be displayed as images.

    All references must be provided in footnotes. Reference style must comply with the Citation Guidelines (available under the Supplementary Materials Section (originally published by Kluwer Law International).
    It is the author's obligation to provide complete references with the necessary information. Our editors do not check this. For the "References" section at the end of the text,
    • After the last sentence of your submission (text or appendix), please insert a line break not a page break and begin your references on the same page.
    • Do not split an individual reference between two pages. If the entirety of the reference does not fit on the page it starts on, then move the entire reference to start on the following page.
    • References must be in alphabetical order and have margins that are both left- and right- justified. You may choose not to right-justify the margin of individual references if the spacing looks too awkward.
    • Use hanging indents for citations (i.e., the first line of the citation should be flush with the left margin and all other lines should be indented from the left margin by a 3/8-inch space). Citations should be single-spaced without extra space between citations.

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    Editorial Information


    Yong-Shik Lee, The Law and Development Institute

    Senior Editor

    Mitsuo Matsushita, University of Tokyo Faculty of Law

    Senior Advisor

    Michael Trebilcock, University of Toronto Law School

    Editorial Board Members

    William Alford, Harvard Law School
    Douglas Arner, University of Hong Kong Faculty of Law
    Tomer Broude, Faculty of Law and Department of International Relations, Hebrew University of Jerusalem
    Ha-Joon Chang, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge
    Won-Mok Choi, College of Law, Ewha Womans University, Korea
    Robert Cooter, University of California at Berkeley School of Law
    Diogo Coutinho, University of São Paulo
    Melaku Desta, University of Dundee, U.K.
    Salim Farrar, University of Sydney Law School
    James Gathii, Albany Law School
    Tom Ginsburg, University of Chicago Law School
    Gary Horlick, former head of U.S. Department of Commerce Import Administration
    David Kennedy, Brown University and European Law Research Center, Harvard Law School
    Andrew Lang, School of Law, London School of Economics
    Chang Hee Lee, School of Law, Seoul National University
    Jai S. Mah, Graduate School of International Studies, Ewha Womans University, Korea
    Mitsuo Matsushita, University of Tokyo, and former member of the WTO Appellate Body
    Petros Mavroidis, Columbia Law School, University of Neuchatel, and CEPR
    Bryan Mercurio, Chinese University of Hong Kong School of Law
    Junji Nakagawa, Institute of Social Science, University of Tokyo
    Andreas Neef, University of Auckland, Development Studies
    Colin Picker, University of New South Wales Faculty of Law
    Balakrishnan Rajagopal, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, International Development Group
    Dani Rodrik, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University
    Susan Rose-Ackerman, Law School and Department of Political Science, Yale University
    Alvaro Santos, Georgetown University Law Center
    Alan O. Sykes, Stanford Law School
    Yasuhei Taniguchi, Kyoto University, and former member of the WTO Appellate Body
    Veronica Taylor, University of Washington School of Law
    Joel Trachtman, The Fletcher School, Tufts University
    Edwin Vermulst, Partner, Vermulst, Verhaegue, and Graafsma and Editor-in-Chief, Journal of World Trade
    Jiangyu Wang, National University of Singapore Faculty of Law
    Klaus Ziegert, University of Sydney Law School

    Editorial Assistants (2012)

    David Reay, Seattle University School of Law
    Erin O’Leary, Seattle University School of Law
    Lindsay Rogers, Seattle University School of Law
    Flora Ho, University of Sydney Faculty of Law
    Mary Najdzin, Seattle University School of Law
    Sally Adams, Seattle University School of Law 
    Erica Woodruff, University of Denver School of Law
    Ernie Collette, Seattle University School of Law
    Stephen Brown, Seattle University School of Law
    Bryan Krislock, Seattle University School of Law
    Ying Jacobs, Seattle University School of Business Administration
    Jesse Fishman, University of Denver School of Law
    Jesse Jacobs, Seattle University School of Law



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