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Lingua Posnaniensis

The Journal of Poznan Society for the Advancement of the Arts and Sciences and Adam Mickiewicz University, Institute of Linguistics

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Lusitanian Personal Names with the Equine Motivation

Krzysztof Witczak1

Department of Linguistics and Indo-European Studies, Philological Faculty, University of Łódź, ul. Lipowa 81, PL - 90-568 Łódź1

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Citation Information: Lingua Posnaniensis. Volume 51, Issue 1, Pages 155–163, ISSN (Online) 2083-6090, ISSN (Print) 0079-4740, DOI: 10.2478/v10122-009-0010-1, January 2010

Publication History

Published Online:
2010-01-14

Lusitanian Personal Names with the Equine Motivation

The aim of this article is to find an equine motivation for several personal names attested in the territory of the Roman Lusitania. New or better Indo-European reconstructions (e.g. *melyos and *ku-melyos ‘horse; stallion’; IE. *k∂nkilos and *k∂nkanos ‘horse’, as well as the root *k∂nk-) in reference to the animal terminology are suggested. The distribution of the reflexes of IE. *ekwos ‘horse’ and *k∂nkilos / *k∂nkanos ‘id.’ in the area of the Hispanic Peninsula is carefully explained. Finally it is concluded that the horse and bull were the most esteemed animals in the culture of the ancient Lusitanians.

Keywords: Lusitanian; anthroponymy; etymology

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