Andersson, Lynne M. and Christine M. Pearson. "Tit for tat? The spiraling effect of incivility in the workplace." Academy of Management Review 24 (3) (1999): 452-471, doi: 10.2307/259136. [CrossRef]
Bircher, Gary, Robert Weiss and John Vincent. "Multi-method analysis of social reinforcement exchange between maritally distressed and non-distressed spouse and stranger dyads." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 31 (1975): 349-360. [CrossRef]
Bousfield, Derek. "Impoliteness in the struggle for power." In Impoliteness in Language: Studies on its Interplay with Power in Theory and Practice, edited by Derek Bousfield and Miriam Locher, 127-154. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2008.
Culpeper, Jonathan. "Towards an anatomy of impoliteness." Journal of Pragmatics 25, (1996): 349-367, doi:10.1016/0378-2166(95)00014-3. [CrossRef]
Culpeper, Jonathan. "Reflections on impoliteness, relational work and power." In Impoliteness in Language: Studies on its Interplay with Power in Theory and Practice, edited by Derek Bousfield and Miriam Locher, 17-44. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2008.
Culpeper, Jonathan. Derek Bousfield and Anne Wichman. "Impoliteness revisited: with special reference to dynamic and prosodic aspects." Journal of Pragmatics 35 (2003): 1545-1579, doi: 10.1016/S0378-2166(02)00118-2. [CrossRef]
Eisterhold, Jodi, Salvatore Attardo and Diana Boxer. "Reactions to irony in discourse: Evidence for the least disruption principle." Journal of Pragmatics 38 (2006): 1239-1256, doi:10.1016/j.pragma.2004.12.003. [CrossRef]
Harris, Linda M., Kenneth J. Gergen and John W. Lannamann. "Aggression rituals." Communication Monographs 53 (1986): 252-265, doi: 10.1080/03637758609376140. [CrossRef]
Infante, Dominic and Charles Wigley III. "Verbal aggressiveness: An interpersonal model and measure." Communication Monographs 53 (1986): 61-69, doi: 10.1080/03637758609376126. [CrossRef]
Labov, William. Language in the Inner City: Studies in the Black English Vernacular. Oxford: Blackwell, 1972.
Lakoff, Robin. "The limits of politeness: Therapeutic and courtroom discourse." Multilingua 8 (1989): 101-130, doi: 10.1515/mult.1989.8.2-3.101, //1989. [CrossRef]
Leech, Geoffrey. Principles of Pragmatics. London and New York: Longman, 1983.
Locher, Miriam A. and Derek Bousfield. "Introduction: Impoliteness and power in language." In Impoliteness in Language: Studies on its Interplay with Power in Theory and Practice, edited by Derek Bousfield and Miriam Locher, 1-14. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2008.
Mehan, Hugh. "Rules versus relationships in small claims disputes" In Conflict Talk: Sociolinguistic Investigations of Arguments and Conversations, edited by Allen Grimshaw, 160-177. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.
Penman, Robyn. "Facework and politeness: Multiple goals in courtroom discourse." Journal of Language and Social Psychology 9 (1990): 15-38. [CrossRef]
Schnurr, Stephanie, Meredith Marra and Jane Holmes. "Impoliteness as a means of contesting power relations in the workplace." In Impoliteness in Language: Studies on its Interplay with Power in Theory and Practice, edited by Derek Bousfield and Miriam Locher, 211-230. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2008.
Spencer-Oatey, Helen. "Rapport-management: A framework for analysis." In Culturally Speaking: Managing Rapport Through Talk Across Cultures, edited by Helen Spencer-Oatey, 11-46. London and New York: Continuum, 2000.
Watts, Richard J. Power in Family Discourse. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 1991.
Volume 10 (2014)
Volume 7 (2011)
Volume 5 (2009)
Volume 4 (2008)
Volume 3 (2007)
Most Downloaded Articles
- Ethnography of Singapore Chinese Names: Race, Religion, and Representation by Leng, Lee
- Class Clowns: Talking out of Turn with an Orientation Toward Humor by Norrick, Neal and Klein, Janine
- Hebrew and Arabic in Asymmetric Contact in Israel by Henkin-Roitfarb, Roni
- Topoi in Critical Discourse Analysis by Žagar, Igor
- The Semantic-Pragmatic Analysis of Persian Modal Verbs Based on Papafragou's Model by Rahimian, Jalal and Vahedi, Zohreh
Impoliteness Strategies in ‘House M.D.’
This content is open access.
Citation Information: Lodz Papers in Pragmatics. Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 305–339, ISSN (Online) 1898-4436, ISSN (Print) 1895-6106, DOI: 10.2478/v10016-010-0015-9, February 2011
- Published Online:
Impoliteness Strategies in ‘House M.D.’
The research to be presented focuses on the impoliteness strategies used by the main character in the TV series "House, M.D." and the responses to them, as well as the potential reason(s)/intention(s) behind impoliteness use as indicated by (Culpeper 1996) and (Culpeper, Bousfield and Wichman 2003). The data comprised transcripts from Season 1, episodes 1-20, broadcast on Fox TV in 2004-2005, taken from http://twiztv.com/scripts/house. This paper argues that, following Leech's (1993) conception of irony, which is the same as Culpeper's conception of sarcasm, the latter being a pervasive feature of Dr House's conversational style, he does not overtly conflict the Politeness Principle but, according to Partington (2007), tries to be interesting, memorable and show alignment with the hearer. Thus he seems to try to preserve, in a way, social harmony by not causing great damage to his interlocutor's face but allowing him/her to arrive at the offensive point of his remark via an implicature. Furthermore, in the context of the hospital setting, although he has the legitimate power and the expert power, in Spencer-Oatey's (2000) terms, to be direct he opts for indirectness. Regarding intentions, his use of impoliteness towards his trainees might be compared to army training (Culpeper 1996), while his being impolite with his patients to the American adversarial legal system (Lakoff 1989). Lastly, the responses of Dr House's interlocutors, mainly his trainees, which gradually escalated in impoliteness, are in line with the consequences of workplace incivility (Anderson and Pearson 1999).