Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

Open Medicine

formerly Central European Journal of Medicine

1 Issue per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2013: 0.209
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.211

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR): 0.141
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP): 0.163

Open Access
VolumeIssuePage

Issues

Black smoke air pollution and daily non-accidental mortality in Nis, Serbia

1Institute for Public Health Nis, 18000 Nis, Serbia and Montenegro, Russia

© 2006 Versita Warsaw. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

Citation Information: Open Medicine. Volume 1, Issue 3, Pages 292–297, ISSN (Online) 2391-5463, DOI: 10.2478/s11536-006-0021-z, August 2006

Publication History

Published Online:
2006-08-11

Abstract

The short-term effects of ambient black smoke concentrations on total non-accidental, cardiovascular and respiratory mortalities in Nis, during the 2000-2003 period, were investigated.

Daily measurements for black smoke (BS), as well as the daily number of deaths have been collected. Generalised linear models extending Poisson regression were applied. The e.ects of time trend, seasonal variations, days of the week, temperature, humidity and air pressure were adjusted.

The per cent increase in the daily number of total deaths associated with a 10 μg/m3 increase in BS was 1.13% (0.08–2.20%). The e.ect size was slightly higher for cardiovascular mortality (1.25%, 95% CI: 0.53–1.97%). There was no signi.cant association between air pollution and respiratory mortality.

These results indicate that current levels of ambient BS have signi.cant e.ects on total and cardiovascular mortalities in Nis.

Keywords: Air pollution; mortality; time series

  • [1] K. Katsouyanni: “Ambient air pollution and health”, Br. Med. Bull., Vol. 68, (2003), pp. 143–156. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bmb/ldg028 [CrossRef]

  • [2] F. Ballester et al.: “A multicentre study on air pollution and mortality in Spain: Combined results for particulates and for sulfur dioxide”, Occup. Environ. Med., Vol. 59, (2002), pp. 300–308. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oem.59.5.300 [CrossRef]

  • [3] K. Katsouyanni et al.: “Confounding and effect modification in the short-term effects of ambient particles on total mortality: Results from 29 European cities within the APHEA2 project”, Epidemiology, Vol. 12, (2001), pp. 521–531. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00001648-200109000-00011

  • [4] M. Saez et al.: “Comparing meta-analysis and ecological-longitudinal analysis in time-series studies. A case study of the effects of air pollution on mortality in three Spanish cities”, J. Epidemiol., Vol. 55, (2001), pp. 423–432.

  • [5] H. Anderson et al.: “Particulate matter and daily mortality and hospital admissions in the west midlands conurbation of the United Kingdom: associations with fine and coarse particles, black smoke and sulphate”, Occup. Environ. Med., Vol. 58, (2001), pp. 504–510. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oem.58.8.504 [CrossRef]

  • [6] D. Nikic and A. Stankovic: “Air pollution and cardiovascular disease”, Acta Fac. Med. Naiss, Vol. 22, (2005), pp. 75–80.

  • [7] A. Terte et al.: “Short-term effects of particulate air pollution on cardiovascular diseases in eight European cities”, J. Epidemiol. Community Health., Vol. 56, (2002), pp. 773–739. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech.56.10.773 [CrossRef]

  • [8] J. Schwartz, D.W. Dockery and L.M. Neas: “Is daily mortality associated specifically with fine particles?”, J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc., Vol. 46, (1996), pp. 927–939.

  • [9] J.M. Samet et al.: “Fine particulate air pollution and mortality in 20 U.S. cities, 1987–1994”, N. Engl. J. Med., Vol. 343, (2000), pp. 1742–1749. http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJM200012143432401 [CrossRef]

  • [10] G. Hoek et al.: “Daily mortality and air pollution in the Netherlands”, J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc., Vol. 50, (2000), pp. 1380–1389.

  • [11] WHO Working Group: Report Health Aspects of Air Pollution with Particulate Matter, Ozone and Nitrogen Dioxide, World Health Organization, Bonn, Germany, 2003.

  • [12] M.S. Goldberg et al.: “The association between daily mortality and short-term effects of ambient air particle pollution in Montreal, Quebec. 1. Nonaccidental mortality”, Environ. Res., Vol. 86, (2001), pp. 12–25. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/enrs.2001.4242 [CrossRef]

  • [13] T.F. Mar et al.: “Associations between air pollution and mortality in Phoenix 1995–1997”, Environ. Health Perspect., Vol. 108, (2000), pp. 347–353.

  • [14] D.W. Dockery et al.: “An association between air pollution and mortality in six U.S. cities”, N. Engl. J. Med., Vol. 329, (1993), pp. 1753–1759. http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJM199312093292401 [CrossRef]

  • [15] D. Krewski et al.: Re-analysis of the Harvard Six-Cities and American Cancer Society Cohort Studies of Particulate Air Pollution and Mortality, Phase I: Replication and Validation, Health E.ects Institute, Cambridge, MA, 2000.

  • [16] D. Loomis et al.: “Air pollution and infant mortality in Mexico City”, Epidemiology, Vol. 10, (1999), pp. 118–123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00001648-199903000-00003 [CrossRef]

  • [17] M.L.F. Penna and M.P. Duchiade: “Air pollution and infant mortality from pneumonia in the Rio de Janeiro Metropolitan area”, Bull. PAHO, Vol. 25, (1991), pp. 47–54.

  • [18] M. Bobak and D.A. Leon: “The effect of air pollution and infant mortality appears specific for respiratory causes in the postneonatal period”, Epidemiology, Vol. 10, (1999), pp. 666–670. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00001648-199911000-00001 [CrossRef]

  • [19] T.J. Woodru, J. Grillo and K.C. Schoendorf: “The relationship between selected causes of postneonatal infant mortality and particulate air pollution in the United States”, Environ. Health. Persp., Vol. 105, (1997), pp. 608–612.

  • [20] H. Eun-Hee et al.: “Christiani Infant Susceptibility of Mortality to Air Pollution in Seoul, South Korea”, Pediatrics., Vol. 111, (2003), pp. 284–290. http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.111.2.284 [CrossRef]

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.