WebMD. (2012). Atherosclerosis and erectile dysfunction. www.webmd.com/erectile-dysfunction/ atherosclerosis-and-erectile-dysfunction.
 Arnett, D.K., Evans, G.W., Riley, W.A. (1994). Arterial stiffness: A new cardiovascular risk factor? American Journal of Epidemiology, 140 (8), 669-682.
 Klocke, R., Cockcroft, J.R., Taylor, G.J., Hall, I.R., Blake, D.R. (2003). Arterial stiffness and central blood pressure, as determined by pulse wave analysis, in rheumatoid arthritis. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 62 (5), 414-418.
 Reaz, M.B.I., Muhammad, I.I., Rosminazuin, A.R. (2006). Neural network based ECG signal analysis for heart rate detection. WSEAS Transactions on Signal Processing, 2 (6), 889-895.
 Reaz, M.B.I., Muhammad, I.I, Rosminazuin, A.R. (2006). An approach to detect QRS complex using backpropagation neural network. In Proceedings of the 7th WSEAS International Conference on Neural Networks, 12-14 June 2006. Wisconsin, US: WSEAS, 28-33.
 Reaz, M.B.I., Wei, L.S., (2004). Adaptive linear neural network filter for fetal ECG extraction. In Proceedings of International Conference on Intelligent Sensing and Information Processing (ICISIP 2004), 5-7 January 2004. IEEE, 321-324.
 Franklin, S.S., Khan, S.A., Wong, N.D., Larson, M.G., Levy, D. (1999). Is pulse pressure useful in predicting risk for coronary heart disease? The Framingham heart study. Circulation, 100 (4), 354-360. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
 Hussain, M.S., Mamun, M.D. (2012). Effectiveness of the wavelet transform on the surface EMG to understand the muscle fatigue during walk. Measurement Science Review, 12 (1), 28-33. [Web of Science]
 Ibrahimy, M.I., Reaz, M.B.I., Ali, M.A.M., Khoon, T.H., Ismail, A.F. (2006). Hardware realization of an efficient fetal QRS complex detection algorithm. WSEAS Transactions on Circuits and Systems, 5 (4), 575-581.
 Huotari, M., Yliaska, N., Lantto, V., Määttä, K., Kostamovaara, J. (2009). Aortic and arterial stiffness determination by photoplethysmographic technique. Procedia Chemistry, 1 (1), 1243-1246.
 Gavish, B. (1987). Photoplethysmographic characterization of the vascular wall by a new parameter- minimum rise-time: Age dependence on health. Microcirc Endothelium Lymphatics, 3 (3-4), 281-296.
 Challoner, J. (1979). Photoelectric Plethysmographyfor Estimating Cutaneous Blood Flow Non-Invasive Physiological Measurements. London: Academic Press, 127-151.
 Millasseau, S.C., Kelly, R.P., Ritter, J.M., Chowienczyk, P.J. (2002). Determination of agerelated increases in large artery stiffness by digital pulse contour analysis. Clinical Science, 103, 371-377.
 Mohamed, S., Mahamod, I., Zainol, R. (2004). Artificial neural network (ANN) approach to PPG signal classification. International Journal of Computing & Information Sciences, 2 (1), 58-65.
 Allen, J., Frame, R., Murray, A. (2002). Microvascular blood flow and skin temperature changes in the fingers following a deep inspiratory gasp. PhysiologicalMeasurement, 23 (2), 365-373.
 Mohd-Yasin, F., Yap, M.T., Reaz, M.B.I. (2007). CMOS instrumentation amplifier with offset cancellation circuitry for biomedical application. WSEAS Transactions on Circuits and Systems, 6 (1), 171-174.
 Edmond, Z., Kalaivani, C., Mohd, A., Harwant, S. (2007). Analysis of the effect of ageing on rising edge characteristics of the photoplethysmogram using a modified Windkessel model. CardiovascularEngineering, 7 (4), 172-181.
 Karamanoglu, M. (1997). A system for analysis of arterial blood pressure waveforms in humans. Computers and Biomedical Research, 30 (3), 244-55. [CrossRef]
 Rubins, U., Grube, J., Kukulis, I. (2008). Photoplethysmography analysis of artery properties in patients with cardiovascular diseases. In 14th Nordic-Baltic Conference on Biomedical Engineering andMedical Physics, 16-20 June 2008. Springer, 319-322.
 Qawqzeh, Y., Ali, M.A.M., Reaz, M.B.I., Maskon, O. (2010). Photoplethysmogram peaks analysis in patients presenting with erectile dysfunction. In Proceedings of the International Conference onElectrical Computer Technology (ICECT 2010), 7-10 May 2010, 165-168.
 Loukogeorgakis, S., Dawson, R., Phillips, N., Martyn C.N., Greenwald, S.E. (2002). Validation of a device to measure arterial pulse wave velocity by a photoplethysmographic method. PhysiologicalMeasurement, 23 (3), 581-596.
 Hasan, M.A., Reaz, M.B.I., Ibrahimy, M.I., Hussain, M.S., Uddin, J. (2009). Detection and processing techniques of FECG signal for fetal monitoring.Biological Procedures Online, 11 (1), 263-295. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Web of Science]
 Gonzalez, R., Delgado, A., Padilla, J., Trenor, B., Ferrero, J., Saiz J. (2008). Photoplethysmographic augmentation index as a non invasive indicator for vascular assessments. In 4th European Conference onthe International Federation for Medical andBiological Engineering, 23-27 November 2008. Springer, 1167-1170.
Volume 14 (2014)
Volume 13 (2013)
Volume 12 (2012)
Volume 11 (2011)
Volume 10 (2010)
Volume 9 (2009)
Most Downloaded Articles
- A Formalism for Expressing the Probability Density Functions of Interrelated Quantities by Lira, I. and Grientschnig, D.
- Influence of Mobile Phones on the Quality of ECG Signal Acquired by Medical Devices by Buczkowski, T./ Janusek, D./ Zavala-Fernandez, H./ Skrok, M./ Kania, M. and Liebert, A.
- Measurement and Analysis of Current Signals for Gearbox Fault Recognition of Wind Turbine by Lin, Deng-Fa/ Chen, Po-Hung and Williams, Mike
- Usage of I++ Simulator to Program Coordinate Measuring Machines when Common Programming Methods are difficult to apply by Gąska, A./ Szewczyk, D./ Gąska, P./ Gruza, M. and Sładek, J.
- Simplified 2D Bidomain Model of Whole Heart Electrical Activity and ECG Generation by Sovilj, Siniša/ Magjarević, Ratko/ Abed, Amr Al/ Lovell, Nigel H. and Dokos, Socrates
The Analysis of PPG Morphology: Investigating the Effects of Aging on Arterial Compliance
1College of computer science and engineering Taibah University, Madinah-Saudi Arabia
2Department of Electrical, Electronic and Systems Engineering, University Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
This content is open access.
Citation Information: Measurement Science Review. Volume 12, Issue 6, Pages 266–271, ISSN (Online) 1335-8871, DOI: 10.2478/v10048-012-0036-3, December 2012
- Published Online:
This study presents the variations of photoplethysmogram (PPG) morphology with age. PPG measurement is done noninvasively at the index finger on both right and left hands for a sample of erectile dysfunction (ED) subjects. Some parameters are derived from the analysis of PPG contour showed in association with age. The age is found to be an important factor that affects the contour of PPG signals which accelerates the disappearance of PPG’s dicrotic notch and PPG’s inflection point as well. Arterial compliance is found to be degraded with age due to the fall of arterial elasticity. This study approaches the establishment of usefulness of PPG’s contour analysis as an investigator to the changes in the elastic properties of the vascular system, and as a detector of early sub-clinical atherosclerosis.