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Opto-Electronics Review

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A review of size and geometrical factors influencing resonant frequencies in metamaterials

1University of Glasgow

2Warsaw University

3Glasgow Caledonian University

© 2006 Versita Warsaw. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

Citation Information: Opto-Electronics Review. Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 187–191, ISSN (Online) 1896-3757, DOI: 10.2478/s11772-006-0024-y, September 2006

Publication History

Published Online:


Although metamaterials and so-called left-handed media have originated from theoretical considerations, it is only by their practical fabrication and the measurement of their properties that they have gained credibility and can fulfil the potential of their predicted properties. In this review we consider some of the more generally applicable fabrication methods and changes in geometry as they have progressed, exhibiting resonant frequencies ranging from radio waves to the visible optical region.

Keywords: metamaterials; fabrication; lithography; geometry

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