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Pure and Applied Chemistry

The Scientific Journal of IUPAC

Ed. by Burrows, Hugh / Weir, Ron / Stohner, Jürgen

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Definitions of terms relating to the structure and processing of sols, gels, networks, and inorganic-organic hybrid materials (IUPAC Recommendations 2007)

J. V. Alemán1 / A. V. Chadwick2 / J. He3 / M. Hess4 / K. Horie5 / R. G. Jones2 / P. Kratochvíl6 / I. Meisel7 / I. Mita8 / G. Moad9 / S. Penczek10 / R. F. T. Stepto11

1Campus Universitario de Tarifa, Las Palmas de G.C., Spain

2University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent, UK

3Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

4Universität Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany

5Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Tokyo, Japan

6Akademie věd České Republiky, Praha, Czech Republic

7Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Germany

8University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

9CSIRO, Clayton South, Victoria, Australia

10Polish Academy of Sciences, Lódz, Poland

11University of Manchester and UMIST, Manchester, UK

Project Year: 2000, Project Code: 2000-007-1-400

Citation Information: Pure and Applied Chemistry. Volume 79, Issue 10, Pages 1801–1829, ISSN (Online) 1365-3075, ISSN (Print) 0033-4545, DOI: 10.1351/pac200779101801, January 2009

Publication History

Published Online:

This document defines terms related to the structure and processing of inorganic, polymeric, and inorganic-organic hybrid materials from precursors, through gels to solid products. It is divided into four sections - precursors, gels, solids, and processes - and the terms have been restricted to those most commonly encountered. For the sake of completeness and where they are already satisfactorily defined for the scope of this document, terms from other IUPAC publications have been used. Otherwise, the terms and their definitions have been assembled in consultation with experts in the relevant fields. The definitions are intended to assist the reader who is unfamiliar with sol-gel processing, ceramization, and related technologies and materials, and to serve as a guide to the use of standard terminology by those researching in these areas.

Keywords: ceramics; gels; inorganic-organic hybrids; IUPAC Inorganic Chemistry Division; IUPAC Polymer Division; networks; sol-gel processing; sols


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