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Pure and Applied Chemistry

The Scientific Journal of IUPAC

Ed. by Burrows, Hugh / Weir, Ron / Stohner, Jürgen

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Discovery of the elements with atomic numbers greater than or equal to 113 (IUPAC Technical Report)

Robert C. Barber1 / Paul J. Karol2 / Hiromichi Nakahara3 / Emanuele Vardaci4 / Erich W. Vogt5

1Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manitoba, Manitoba, R3T 2N2, Canada

2Department of Chemistry, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA

3Chemistry Department, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Tokyo 192-03, Japan

4University of Naples “Federico II” and Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Napoli, Italy

5TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1W5, Canada

Project Year: 2006, Project Code: 2006-046-1-200

Citation Information: Pure and Applied Chemistry. Volume 83, Issue 7, Pages 1485–1498, ISSN (Online) 1365-3075, ISSN (Print) 0033-4545, DOI: 10.1351/PAC-REP-10-05-01, June 2011

Publication History

Published Online:
2011-06-01

The IUPAC/IUPAP Joint Working Party (JWP) on the priority of claims to the discovery of new elements 113–116 and 118 has reviewed the relevant literature pertaining to several claims. In accordance with the criteria for the discovery of elements previously established by the 1992 IUPAC/IUPAP Transfermium Working Group (TWG), and reinforced in subsequent IUPAC/IUPAP JWP discussions, it was determined that the Dubna-Livermore collaborations share in the fulfillment of those criteria both for elements Z = 114 and 116. A synopsis of experiments and related efforts is presented.

Keywords: atomic number 114; atomic number 116; discovery; IUPAC Inorganic Chemistry Division; IUPAP; new elements; periodic table; trans-copernicium; transfermium

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