Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

Pure and Applied Chemistry

The Scientific Journal of IUPAC

Ed. by Burrows, Hugh / Weir, Ron / Stohner, Jürgen

12 Issues per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2014: 2.492
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 3.202
Rank 51 out of 157 in category Chemistry, Multidisciplinary in the 2014 Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Report/Science Edition

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR): 1.172
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP): 1.106

VolumeIssuePage

Issues

Defining the hydrogen bond: An account (IUPAC Technical Report)

Elangannan Arunan1 / Gautam R. Desiraju2 / Roger A. Klein3 / Joanna Sadlej4 / Steve Scheiner5 / Ibon Alkorta6 / David C. Clary7 / Robert H. Crabtree8 / Joseph J. Dannenberg9 / Pavel Hobza10 / Henrik G. Kjaergaard11 / Anthony C. Legon12 / Benedetta Mennucci13 / David J. Nesbitt14

1Department of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India

2Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India

330 Kimberley Road, Chesterton, Cambridge, CB4 1HH, UK

4Department of Chemistry, Laboratory of Intermolecular Interactions, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, PL-02093, Poland

5Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, 0300 Old Main Hall, Utah State University, Logan, UT 84322, USA

6Medicinal Chemistry Institute, Juan de la Cierva 3, Madrid E-28006, Spain

7Department of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, Oxford University, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QZ, UK

8Department of Chemistry, 225 Prospect Street, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511-8499 USA

9Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, City University of New York, Hunter College, 695 Park Avenue, New York, NY 10065, USA

10Institute of Organic and Biochemistry, Academy of Sciences of Czech Republic, Flemingovo nam 2, Praha CZ 16610, Czech Republic

11Department of Chemistry, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 5, DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark

12School of Chemistry, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TS, UK

13Department of Chemistry, University of Pisa, Via Risorgimento 35 Pisa 1-56125, Italy

14Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA

Project Year: 2004, Project Code: 2004-026-2-100

Citation Information: Pure and Applied Chemistry. Volume 83, Issue 8, Pages 1619–1636, ISSN (Online) 1365-3075, ISSN (Print) 0033-4545, DOI: 10.1351/PAC-REP-10-01-01, July 2011

Publication History

Published Online:
2011-07-08

The term “hydrogen bond” has been used in the literature for nearly a century now. While its importance has been realized by physicists, chemists, biologists, and material scientists, there has been a continual debate about what this term means. This debate has intensified following some important experimental results, especially in the last decade, which questioned the basis of the traditional view on hydrogen bonding. Most important among them are the direct experimental evidence for a partial covalent nature and the observation of a blue-shift in stretching frequency following XH···Y hydrogen bond formation (XH being the hydrogen bond donor and Y being the hydrogen bond acceptor). Considering the recent experimental and theoretical advances, we have proposed a new definition of the hydrogen bond, which emphasizes the need for evidence. A list of criteria has been provided, and these can be used as evidence for the hydrogen bond formation. This list is followed by some characteristics that are observed in typical hydrogen-bonding environments.

Keywords: bonding; electrostatic interactions; hydrogen bonding; IUPAC Physical and Biophysical Chemistry Division; molecular interactions; noncovalent interactions

References

  • 1

    The Penguin Dictionary of Science, Penguin, London (1971).

  • 2

    L. Pauling. The Nature of the Chemical Bond, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY (1960). The first edition was published in 1939.

  • 3

    G. C. Pimentel, A. L. McClellan. The Hydrogen Bond, W. H. Freeman, San Francisco (1960).

  • 4

    D. Hadzi (Ed.). Hydrogen Bonding, Pergamon, London (1959).

  • 5

    W. C. Hamilton, J. A. Ibers. Hydrogen Bonding in Solids, W. A. Benjamin, New York (1968).

  • 6

    S. N. Vinogradov, R. H. Linnell. Hydrogen Bonding, Van Nostrand-Reinhold, New York (1971).

  • 7

    M. D. Joeston, L. J. Schaad. Hydrogen Bonding, Marcel Dekker, New York (1974).

  • 8

    P. Schuster, G. Zundel, C. Sanfordy. The Hydrogen Bond: Recent Developments in Theory and Experiments, Vols. I–III, North Holland, Amsterdam (1976).

  • 9

    P. Schuster. Hydrogen Bonds, Springer Verlag, Berlin (1984).

  • 10

    G. A. Jeffrey, W. Saenger. Hydrogen Bonding in Biological Structures, Springer Verlag, Berlin (1991).

  • 11

    S. Scheiner. Hydrogen Bonding: A Theoretical Perspective, Oxford University Press, Oxford (1997).

  • 12

    G. A. Jeffrey. An Introduction to Hydrogen Bonding, Oxford University Press, Oxford (1997).

  • 13

    G. R. Desiraju, T. Steiner. The Weak Hydrogen Bond, Oxford University Press, Oxford (1999).

  • 14

    S. J. Grabowski (Ed.). Hydrogen Bonding: New Insights, Springer, Dordrecht (2006).

  • 15

    P. Gilli, G. Gilli. The Nature of the Hydrogen Bond, Oxford University Press, Oxford (2009).

  • 16

    [CrossRef], W. M. Latimer, W. H. Rodebush. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 42, 1419 (1920).

  • 17

    [CrossRef], A. Werner. Leibigs Ann. Chem. 322, 261 (1902).

  • 18

    P. Pfeiffer. Ann. Chem. 398, 137 (1913).

  • 19

    T. S. Moore, T. F. Winmill. J. Chem. Soc. 101, 1635 (1912).

  • 20a

    M. L. Huggins. Phys. Rev. 18, 333 (1921);

  • 20b

    See refs. [2–15] for more historic details and also M. L. Huggins. Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 10, 147 (1971) for a personal account from Huggins. [CrossRef]

  • 21

    [CrossRef], A. S. N. Murthy, C. N. R. Rao. Appl. Spectrosc. Rev. 2, 69 (1968).

  • 22

    [CrossRef], P. A. Kollman, L. C. Allen. Chem. Rev. 72, 283 (1972).

  • 23

    [CrossRef], J. Emsley. Chem. Soc. Rev. 9, 91 (1980).

  • 24

    [CrossRef], R. Taylor, O. Kennard. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 104, 5063 (1982).

  • 25

    [CrossRef], M. C. Etter. Acc. Chem. Res. 23, 120 (1990).

  • 26

    [CrossRef], M. A. Suhm, D. J. Nesbitt. Chem. Soc. Rev. 24, 45 (1995).

  • 27

    [CrossRef], I. Alkorta, I. Roza, J. Ekguero. Chem. Soc. Rev. 27, 163 (1998).

  • 28

    [CrossRef], Y. A. Abramov, L. Brammer, W. T. Klooster, R. M. Bullock. Inorg. Chem. 37, 6317 (1998).

  • 29

    [CrossRef], T. H. Dunning Jr. J. Phys. Chem. A 104, 9062 (2000).

  • 30

    [CrossRef], P. Hobza, Z. Havlas. Chem. Rev. 100, 4253 (2000).

  • 31

    [CrossRef], C. E. Dykstra, J. M. Lisy. J. Mol. Struct. (Theochem) 500, 375 (2000).

  • 32

    [CrossRef], G. Gilli, P. Gilli. J. Mol. Struct. 552, 1 (2000).

  • 33

    [CrossRef], S. J. Grabowski. J. Phys. Chem. A 105, 10739 (2001).

  • 34

    [CrossRef], B. Mennucci. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124, 1506 (2001).

  • 35

    [CrossRef], J. J. Dannenberg. J. Mol. Struct. 615, 219 (2002).

  • 36

    [CrossRef], J. Yang, S. J. Ding, M. Radosz, Y. Q. Shen. Macromolecules 37, 1728 (2004).

  • 37

    [CrossRef], C. L. Perrin, J. B. Nielson. Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 48, 511 (1997).

  • 38

    A. V. Iogansen. Spectrochim. Acta, Part A 55, 1585 (1999). [CrossRef]

  • 39

    [CrossRef], Y. Yang, Z. Y. Yang, Y. P. Yi, J. F. Xiang, C. F. Chen, L. J. Wan, Z. G. Shuai. J. Org. Chem. 72, 4936 (2007).

  • 40

    [CrossRef], E. Carosati, S. Sciabola, G. Cruciani. J. Med. Chem. 47, 5114 (2004).

  • 41

    R. McWeeny. Coulson’s Valence, 3rd ed., Oxford University Press, Oxford (1979).

  • 42

    J. Israelachvili. Intermolecular and Surface Forces, 2nd ed., Academic Press, New York (1991).

  • 43

    A. D. Buckingham. In Intermolecular Interactions from Diatomics to Biopolymers, B. Pullman (Ed.), John Wiley, New York (1978).

  • 44

    [CrossRef], J. Del Bene, J. A. Pople. J. Chem. Phys. 52, 4858 (1970).

  • 45

    [CrossRef], P. Gilli, V. Bertolasi, V. Ferrati, G. Gilli. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 116, 909 (1994).

  • 46

    F. Weinhold, C. R. Landis. Valency and Bonding, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2005).

  • 47

    [CrossRef], R. A. Klein. Chem. Phys. Lett. 433, 165 (2006).

  • 48

    [CrossRef], A. J. Dingley, S. Grzesiek. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 120, 8293 (1998).

  • 49

    [CrossRef], E. D. Isaacs, A. Shukla, P. M. Platzman, D. R. Harman, B. Barbiellini, C. A. Tulk. Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 600 (1999).

  • 50

    H. Ratajczak, W. J. Orville-Thomas (Eds). Molecular Interactions, p. 15, John Wiley, New York (1980).

  • 51

    [CrossRef], W. Aquilanti, E. Cornicchi, M. M. Teixidor, N. Saendig, F. Pirani, D. Cappelletti. Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 44, 2356 (2005).

  • 52

    [CrossRef], L. F. Roncaratti, L. Belpassi, D. Cappelletti, F. Pirani, F. Tarantelli. J. Phys. Chem. A 113, 15223 (2009).

  • 53

    [CrossRef], H. Umeyama, K. Morokuma. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 99, 1316 (1977).

  • 54

    [CrossRef], J. P. Foster, F. Weinhold. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 102, 7211 (1980).

  • 55

    [CrossRef], E. D. Glendening, A. Streitwieser. J. Chem. Phys. 100, 2900 (1994).

  • 56

    [CrossRef], B. Jeziorski, R. Moszy?ki, K. Szalewicz. Chem. Rev. 94, 1887 (1994).

  • 57

    [CrossRef], A. D. Buckingham, P. W. Fowler. Can. J. Chem. 63, 2018 (1985).

  • 58

    [CrossRef], M. A. Spackman. J. Chem. Phys. 85, 6587 (1986).

  • 59

    [CrossRef], C. E. Dykstra. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 111, 6168 (1989).

  • 60

    [CrossRef], C. E. Dykstra, J. M. Lisy. THEOCHEM 500, 375 (2000).

  • 61

    C. M. Hansen. Hansen Solubility Parameters: A User Handbook, CRC Press, Boca Raton (2007).

  • 62

    [CrossRef], C. M. Hansen. Eur. Polym. J. 44, 2741 (2008).

  • 63

    [CrossRef], IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the “Gold Book”). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: (2006–) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins.

  • 64

    [CrossRef], W. D. Kumler. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 57, 600 (1935).

  • 65

    [CrossRef], O. R. Wulf, U. Liddel, S. B. Henricks. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 58, 2287 (1936).

  • 66

    N. S. Rao, S. K. K. Jakkar. Quart. J. Indian. Inst. Sci. 6, 1 (1943).

  • 67

    [CrossRef], E. S. Kryachko, A. Karpfen, F. Remacle. J. Phys. Chem. A 109, 7309 (2005).

  • 68

    R. H. Crabtree, P. E. M. Siegbahn, O. Eisenstein, A. L. Reingold, T. Koetzle. Acc. Chem. Res. 29, 348 (1996).

  • 69

    G. N. Patwari, T. Ibata, N. Mikami. Chem. Phys. Lett. 283, 193 (2002).

  • 70

    [CrossRef], H. Cybulski, M. Pecul, J. Sadlej. J. Chem. Phys. 119, 5094 (2003).

  • 71

    [CrossRef], A. C. Legon, P. D. Soper, W. H. Flygare. J. Chem. Phys. 74, 4944 (1981).

  • 72

    [CrossRef], J. M. Merrit, S. Rudic, R. E. Miller. J. Chem. Phys. 124, 084301 (2006).

  • 73

    I. Alkorta, J. Rozas, J. Elguero. Ber. Bunsen-Ges. Phys. Chem. 102, 429 (1998).

  • 74

    [CrossRef], S. J. Grabowski, W. A. Sokalski, J. Leszczynski. Chem. Phys. Lett. 432, 33 (2006).

  • 75

    [CrossRef], B. Raghavendra, E. Arunan. Chem. Phys. Lett. 467, 37 (2008).

  • 76

    [CrossRef], F. Fillaux, A. Coussan, M. J. Gutmann. Pure Appl. Chem. 79, 1023 (2007).

  • 77

    [CrossRef], A. C. Legon. Chem. Soc. Rev. 22, 153 (1993).

  • 78

    M. J. Calhorda. In Hydrogen Bonding: New Insights, S. J. Grabowski (Ed.), pp. 263–292, Springer, Dordrecht (2006).

  • 79

    [CrossRef], L. Brammer, D. Zhao, F. T. Ladipo, J. Braddock-Wilking. Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B 51, 632 (1995).

  • 80

    [CrossRef], P. Gilli, L. Pretto, V. Bertolasi, G. Gilli. Acc. Chem. Res. 42, 33 (2009).

  • 81

    J. Emsley. The Elements, 3rd ed., Oxford University Press, Oxford (1998).

  • 82

    [CrossRef], C. M. Lovejoy, D. J. Nesbitt. J. Chem. Phys. 93, 5387 (1990).

  • 83

    [CrossRef], D. J. Nesbitt, C. M. Lovejoy, T. G. Lindeman, S. V. O’Neil, D. C. Clary. J. Chem. Phys. 91, 722 (1989).

  • 84

    [CrossRef], S. J. Harris, S. E. Novick, W. Klemperer. J. Chem. Phys. 60, 3208 (1974).

  • 85

    [CrossRef], E. J. Campbell, M. R. Keenan, L. W. Buxton, T. J. Balle, P. D. Soper, A. C. Legon, W. H. Flygare. Chem. Phys. Lett. 70, 420 (1980).

  • 86

    [CrossRef], F. A. Baiocchi, T. A. Dixon, C. H. Joyner, W. Klemperer. J. Chem. Phys. 75, 2041 (1981).

  • 87

    [CrossRef], C. M. Lovejoy, D. J. Nesbitt. J. Chem. Phys. 94, 208 (1991).

  • 88

    [CrossRef], S. A. C. McDowell. J. Chem. Phys. 118, 4066 (2003).

  • 89

    [CrossRef], S. Y. Yen, C. H. Mou, H. P. Wu. Chem. Phys. Lett. 383, 606 (2004).

  • 90

    [CrossRef], J. Cukras, J. Sadlej. Chem. Phys. Lett. 459, 44 (2008).

  • 91

    [CrossRef], S. E. Novick, K. C. Janda, W. Klemperer. J. Chem. Phys. 65, 5115 (1976).

  • 92

    [CrossRef], A. C. Legon. Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 38, 2686 (1999).

  • 93

    [CrossRef], P. Metrangolo, F. Meyer, T. Pilati, G. Resnati, G. Terraneo. Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 47, 6114 (2008).

  • 94

    [CrossRef], P. Lipkowski, S. J. Grabowski, J. Leszczynski. J. Phys. Chem. A 110, 10296 (2006).

  • 95

    [CrossRef], L. D. Garner-O’Neale, A. F. Bonamy, T. L. Meek, B. G. Patrick. J. Mol. Struct. (Theochem) 639, 151 (2003).

  • 96

    [CrossRef], X. Li, L. Liu, H. B. Schlegel. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124, 9639 (2002).

  • 97

    [CrossRef], F. H. Allen. Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B 58, 380 (2002); also look at <http://www.ccdc.cam.ac.uk/>.

  • 98

    J. Gu, P. E. Bourne (Eds.). The Worldwide Protein Data Bank in Structural Bioinformatics, 2nd ed. pp. 293–303, John Wiley, Hoboken (2009).

  • 99

    [CrossRef], S. C. Wallwork. Acta Crystallogr. 15, 758 (1962) and private communication (2006).

  • 100

    [CrossRef], B. Lakshmi, A. G. Samuelson, K. V. Jovan Jose, S. R. Gadre, E. Arunan. New J. Chem. 29, 371 (2005).

  • 101

    [CrossRef], B. Raghavendra, P. K. Mandal, E. Arunan. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8, 5276 (2006).

  • 102

    [CrossRef], R. A. Klein. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124, 13931 (2002).

  • 103

    [CrossRef], R. A. Klein. Chem. Phys. Lett. 425, 128 (2006).

  • 104

    [CrossRef], A. Bondi. J. Phys. Chem. 68, 441 (1964).

  • 105

    D. R. Lide (Ed.). Handbook of Physics and Chemistry, 90th ed. (Internet version), Sect. 9, CRC Press/Taylor and Francis, Boca Raton (2010).

  • 106

    [CrossRef], N. Elghobashi, L. Gonzalez. J. Chem. Phys. 124, 174308 (2006).

  • 107

    [CrossRef], A. C. Legon, D. J. Millen, H. M. North. Chem. Phys. Lett. 135, 303 (1987).

  • 108

    [CrossRef], W. Klopper, M. Quack, M. A. Suhm. J. Chem. Phys. 108, 10096 (1998).

  • 109

    G. R. Desiraju, S. Steiner. Chem. Commun. 891 (1998).

  • 110

    [CrossRef], B. S. Ault, E. Steinback, G. C. Pimentel. J. Phys. Chem. 79, 615 (1975).

  • 111a

    G. Scoles (Ed.). Atomic and Molecular Beam Methods, Vol. 1, Oxford University Press, New York (1988).

  • 111a

    G. Scoles (Ed.). Atomic and Molecular Beam Methods, Vol. 2, Oxford University Press, New York (1992).

  • 112

    [CrossRef], P. D. Aldrich, A. C. Legon, W. H. Flygare. J. Chem. Phys. 75, 2126 (1981).

  • 113

    [CrossRef], W. G. Read, E. J. Campbell, G. Hendersen, W. H. Flygare. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 103, 7670 (1981).

  • 114

    [CrossRef], E. Arunan, T. Emilsson, H. S. Gutowsky, G. T. Fraser, G. de Oliveira, C. E. Dykstra. J. Chem. Phys. 117, 9766 (2002).

  • 115

    [CrossRef], M. Goswami, P. K. Mandal, D. J. Ramdass, E. Arunan. Chem. Phys. Lett. 393, 22 (2004).

  • 116

    [CrossRef], J. S. Loveday, R. J. Nelmes, S. Klotz, J. M. Benson, G. Hamel. Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1024 (2000).

  • 117

    [CrossRef], M. Goswami, E. Arunan. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 8974 (2009).

  • 118

    [CrossRef], R. Parthasarathi, V. Subramanian, N. Sathyamurthy. J. Phys. Chem. A 110, 3349 (2006).

  • 119

    [CrossRef], G. E. Hilbert, O. R. Wulf, S. B. Hendricks, U. Liddel. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 58, 548 (1936).

  • 120a

    [CrossRef], R. M. Badger, S. H. Bauer. J. Chem. Phys. 5, 605 (1937).

  • 120b

    [CrossRef], R. M. Badger, S. H. Bauer. J. Chem. Phys. 5, 839 (1937).

  • 121a

    [CrossRef], L. P. Kuhn. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 74, 2492 (1952).

  • 121b

    [CrossRef], L. P. Kuhn. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 76, 4323 (1954).

  • 121c

    [CrossRef], L. P. Kuhn. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 80, 5950 (1958).

  • 122

    [CrossRef], D. L. Howard, P. Jorgensen, H. G. Kjaergaard. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 17096 (2005).

  • 123

    [CrossRef], D. L. Howard, H. G. Kjaergaard. J. Phys. Chem. A 110, 9597 (2006).

  • 124

    C. Sandorfy. Top. Curr. Chem. 120, 41 (1984).

  • 125

    [CrossRef], T. Scharge, D. Luckhaus, M. A. Suhm. Chem. Phys. 346, 167 (2008).

  • 126

    [CrossRef], P. Hobza, V. Špirko, Z. Havlas, K. Buchhold, B. Reimann, H.-D. Barth, B. Brutschy. Chem. Phys. Lett. 299, 180 (1999).

  • 127

    [CrossRef], B. J. van der Veken, W. A. Herrebout, R. Szostak, D. N. Shchepkin, Z. Havlas, P. Hobza. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123, 12290 (2001).

  • 128

    [CrossRef], I. V. Alabugin, M. Manoharan, S. Peabody, F. Weinhold. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 5973 (2003).

  • 129

    [CrossRef], S. Scheiner, T. Kar. J. Phys. Chem. A 106, 1784 (2002).

  • 130

    [CrossRef], J. Joseph, E. D. Jemmis. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129, 4620 (2007).

  • 131

    A. Karpfen, E. S. Kryachko. J. Phys. Chem. A 111 (2007).

  • 132

    [CrossRef], S. K. Sikka. High Pressure Res. 27, 313 (2007).

  • 133

    [CrossRef], M. Pecul, J. Leszczynski, J. Sadlej. J. Chem. Phys. 112, 7930 (2000).

  • 134

    [CrossRef], A. C. Legon. Chem. Soc. Rev. 19, 197 (1990).

  • 135

    [CrossRef], E. Arunan, S. Dev, P. K. Mandal. Appl. Spectrosc. Rev. 39, 131 (2004).

  • 136

    [CrossRef], J. C. López, J. L. Alonso, I. Pe?a, V. Vaquero. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12, 14128 (2010).

  • 137

    [CrossRef], K. Liu, J. D. Cruzan, R. J. Saykally. Science 271, 929 (1996).

  • 138

    [CrossRef], A. Maris, S. Melandri, W. Caminati, P. G. Favero. Chem. Phys. 282, 111 (2002).

  • 139

    [CrossRef], K. Liu, M. G. Brown, R. J. Saykally. J. Phys. Chem. A 101, 8995 (1997).

  • 140

    [CrossRef], F. N. Keutsch, M. G. Brown, P. B. Petersen, R. J. Saykally, M. Geleijns, A. van der Avoird. J. Chem. Phys. 114, 3994 (2001).

  • 141

    [CrossRef], S. T. Roberts, K. Ramasesha, A. Tokmakoff. Acc. Chem. Res. 42, 1239 (2009).

  • 142

    [CrossRef], H. Biswal, P. R. Shirhatti, S. J. Wategaonkar. J. Phys. Chem. A 113, 5633 (2009).

  • 143

    [CrossRef], S. Maity, G. N. Patwari. J. Phys. Chem. A 113, 1760 (2009).

  • 144

    [CrossRef], V. A. Shubert, C. W. Muller, T. S. Zwier. J. Phys. Chem. A 113, 8067 (2009).

  • 145

    [CrossRef], J. Sadlej, J. Cz. Dabrowski, J. E. Rode. Chem. Soc. Rev. 39, 1478 (2010).

  • 146

    [CrossRef], J. P. Toennies, A. F. Vilesov. Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 43, 2622 (2004).

  • 147

    [CrossRef], Z. Xue, M. A. Suhm. J. Chem. Phys. 131, 054301 (2009).

  • 148

    [CrossRef], C. J. Fecko, J. D. Eaves, J. J. Loparo, A. Tokmakoff, P. L. Geissler. Science 301, 1698 (2003).

  • 149

    [CrossRef], R. Kumar, J. R. Schmidt, J. L. Skinner. J. Chem. Phys. 126, 204107 (2007).

  • 150

    [CrossRef], E. T. J. Nibbering, T. Elsaesser. Chem. Rev. 104, 1887 (2004).

  • 151

    [CrossRef], R. Musat, J. P. Renault, M. Candelaresi, D. J. Palmer, S. Le Caer, R. Righini, S. Pommeret. Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 47, 8033 (2008).

  • 152

    [CrossRef], V. P. Voloshin, Y. I. Naberukhin. J. Struct. Chem. 50, 78 (2009).

  • 153

    [CrossRef], P. Kolman. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 99, 4875 (1977).

  • 154

    [CrossRef], S. Scheiner. Theor. Chim. Acta 57, 71 (1980).

  • 155

    [CrossRef], K. A. Peterson, T. H. Dunning. J. Chem. Phys. 102, 2032 (1995).

  • 156

    [CrossRef], S. Scheiner. Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 45, 23 (1994).

  • 157

    [CrossRef], J. A. Frey, S. Leutwyler. J. Phys. Chem. A 110, 12512 (2006).

  • 158

    [CrossRef], T. P. Tauer, M. E. Derrick, C. D. Sherrill. J. Phys. Chem. A 109, 191 (2005).

  • 159

    J. Labanowski, J. Andzelm (Eds). Density Functional Methods in Chemistry, Springer, New York (1991).

  • 160

    [CrossRef], Y. Zhao, D. G. Truhlar. Acc. Chem. Res. 41, 157 (2008).

  • 161

    [CrossRef], G. Fitzgerald, J. Andzelm. J. Phys. Chem. 95, 10531 (1991).

  • 162

    [CrossRef], Z. Latajka, Y. Bouteiller. J. Chem. Phys. 101, 9793 (1994).

  • 163

    [CrossRef], S. Tsuzuki, H. P. Luthi. J. Chem. Phys. 114, 3949 (2001).

  • 164

    [CrossRef], Y. Zhao, O. Tishchenko, D. G. Truhlar. J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 19046 (2005).

  • 165

    [CrossRef], E. M. Cabaleiro-Lago, J. R Otero. J. Chem. Phys. 117, 1621 (2002).

  • 166

    [CrossRef], J. S. Arey, P. C. Aeberhard, I.-C. Lin, U. Rothlisberger. J. Phys. Chem. B 113, 4726 (2009).

  • 167

    [CrossRef], L. Rao, H. Ke, G. Fu, X. Xu, Y. Yan. J. Chem. Theory Comput. 5, 86 (2009).

  • 168

    [CrossRef], S. Kristyán, P. Pulay. Chem. Phys. Lett. 229, 175 (1994).

  • 169

    [CrossRef], J. Antony, S. Grimme. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8, 5287 (2006).

  • 170

    [CrossRef], P. Jurečka, J. Černý, P. Hobza, D. R. Salahub. J. Comput. Chem. 28, 555 (2007).

  • 171

    [CrossRef], S. F. Boys, F. Bernardi. Mol. Phys. 19, 553 (1970).

  • 172

    [CrossRef], M. M. Deshmukh, S. R. Gadre. J. Phys. Chem. A 113, 7927 (2009).

  • 173

    [CrossRef], K. Wendler, J. Thar, S. Zahn, B. Kirchner. J. Phys. Chem. A 114, 9529 (2010).

  • 174

    [CrossRef], K. Kitaura, K. Morokuma. Int. J. Quantum Chem. 10, 325 (1976).

  • 175

    [CrossRef], R. Moszynski, P. E. S. Wormer, B. Jeziorski, A. van der Avoird. J. Chem. Phys. 103, 8058 (1995).

  • 176

    K. Szalewicz, B. Jeziorski. In: Molecular Interactions. From Van der Waals to Strongly Bound Complexes, S. Scheiner (Ed.), p. 3, John Wiley: New York (1997).

  • 177

    [CrossRef], A. E. Reed, F. Weinhold, L. A. Curtiss, D. J. Pochatko. J. Chem. Phys. 84, 5687 (1986).

  • 178

    [CrossRef], K. Wolinski, J. F. Hilton, P. Pulay. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 112, 8251 (1990).

  • 179

    J. E. D. Bene, S. A. Perera, R. J. Bartlett, M. Yañez, O. Mó, J. Elguero, I. Alkorta. J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 107 (2003).

  • 180

    [CrossRef], A. E. Reed, L. A. Curtiss, F. Weinhold. J. Chem. Phys. 83, 735 (1985).

  • 181

    R. F. W. Bader. Atoms in Molecules: A Quantum Theory, Oxford University Press, Oxford (1990).

  • 182

    P. Coppens. X-ray Charge Densities and Chemical Bonding, Oxford University Press, Oxford (1997).

  • 183

    [CrossRef], U. Koch, P. L. A. Popelier. J. Phys. Chem. 99, 9747 (1995).

  • 184

    [CrossRef], P. Kolandaivel, V. Nirmala. J. Mol. Struct. 694, 33 (2004).

  • 185

    [CrossRef], J. J. Novoa, F. Mota. Chem. Phys. Lett. 318, 345 (2000).

  • 186

    [CrossRef], P. Munshi, T. N. Guru Row. J. Phys. Chem. A 109, 659 (2005).

  • 187

    [CrossRef], L. J. Farrugia, C. Evans, M. Tegel. J. Phys. Chem. A 110, 7952 (2006).

  • 188

    A. Martin Pendás, E. Fransisco, M. A. Blanco, C. Gatti. Chem.—Eur. J. 13, 9632 (2007).

  • 189

    [CrossRef], R. F. W. Bader. J. Phys. Chem. A 113, 10391 (2009).

  • 190

    [CrossRef], R. A. Klein. Chem. Phys. Lett. 429, 633 (2006). For example, this has been observed for the planar and quasi-planar conformational transition states of ethane-1,2-diol, and ethanolamine; unpublished observations, R. A. Klein (2009).

  • 191

    [CrossRef], E. R. Johnson, S. Keinan, P. Mori-Sanchez, J. Contreras-Garcia, A. J. Cohen, W. Yang. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 6498 (2010).

  • 192

    E. Arunan, G. R. Desiraju, R. A. Klein, J. Sadlej, S. Scheiner, I. Alkorta, D. C. Clary, R. H. Crabtree, J. J. Dannenberg, P. Hobza, H. G. Kjaergaard, A. C. Legon, B. Mennucci, D. J. Nesbitt. Pure Appl. Chem. 83, 1637 (2011).

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
Simon Dufal, Thomas Lafitte, Andrew J. Haslam, Amparo Galindo, Gary N.I. Clark, Carlos Vega, and George Jackson
Molecular Physics, 2015, Volume 113, Number 9-10, Page 948
[2]
Himansu S. Biswal, Surjendu Bhattacharyya, Aditi Bhattacherjee, and Sanjay Wategaonkar
International Reviews in Physical Chemistry, 2015, Volume 34, Number 1, Page 99
[3]
Bruce L. Yoder, Ksenia B. Bravaya, Andras Bodi, Adam H. C. West, Bálint Sztáray, and Ruth Signorell
The Journal of Chemical Physics, 2015, Volume 142, Number 11, Page 114303
[4]
N. Sudharsana, V. Krishnakumar, and R. Nagalakshmi
Journal of Crystal Growth, 2014, Volume 398, Page 45
[5]
Frank Weinhold and Roger A. Klein
Chem. Educ. Res. Pract., 2014, Volume 15, Number 3, Page 276
[6]
Stefano Soffientini, Leonardo Bernasconi, and Silvia Imberti
Journal of Molecular Liquids, 2015, Volume 205, Page 85
[7]
Ram S. Bhatta, Prasad P. Iyer, Ali Dhinojwala, and Mesfin Tsige
Modern Physics Letters B, 2014, Volume 28, Number 29, Page 1430014
[8]
Piero Gasparotto and Michele Ceriotti
The Journal of Chemical Physics, 2014, Volume 141, Number 17, Page 174110
[9]
Ol’ha O. Brovarets’, Yevgen P. Yurenko, and Dmytro M. Hovorun
Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics, 2015, Volume 33, Number 8, Page 1624
[10]
Devendra Mani and E. Arunan
The Journal of Chemical Physics, 2014, Volume 141, Number 16, Page 164311
[11]
Roland Böhmer, Catalin Gainaru, and Ranko Richert
Physics Reports, 2014, Volume 545, Number 4, Page 125
[13]
Luis Miguel Azofra and Steve Scheiner
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2014, Volume 16, Number 11, Page 5142
[14]
Neetha Mohan and Cherumuttathu H. Suresh
The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 2014, Volume 118, Number 9, Page 1697
[15]
Ioannis Skarmoutsos, Tom Welton, and Patricia A. Hunt
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2014, Volume 16, Number 8, Page 3675
[16]
L. Guillaumes, P. Salvador, and S. Simon
The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 2014, Volume 118, Number 6, Page 1142
[17]
Shuguang Yang, Songmei Ma, Chunyan Wang, Jian Xu, and Meifang Zhu
Australian Journal of Chemistry, 2014, Volume 67, Number 1, Page 11
[18]
Hironori Sakai and Takashi Tokumasu
The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 2014, Volume 118, Number 1, Page 275
[19]
D. K. Belashchenko, M. N. Rodnikova, N. K. Balabaev, and I. A. Solonina
Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 2014, Volume 88, Number 1, Page 94
[20]
Mirosław Mączka, Anna Gągor, Bogusław Macalik, Adam Pikul, Maciej Ptak, and Jerzy Hanuza
Inorganic Chemistry, 2014, Volume 53, Number 1, Page 457
[21]
Maciej Bazarnik, Jens Brede, Régis Decker, and Roland Wiesendanger
ACS Nano, 2013, Volume 7, Number 12, Page 11341
[22]
Guiqiu Zhang, Wei He, and Dezhan Chen
Molecular Physics, 2014, Volume 112, Number 13, Page 1736
[23]
Jerk Rönnols, Marthe T. C. Walvoort, Gijsbert A. van der Marel, Jeroen D. C. Codée, and Göran Widmalm
Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry, 2013, Volume 11, Number 46, Page 8127
[24]
B. Vijaya Pandiyan, P. Kolandaivel, and P. Deepa
Molecular Physics, 2014, Volume 112, Number 12, Page 1609
[25]
S. Vijayalakshmi and S. Kalyanaraman
Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 2014, Volume 120, Page 14
[27]
ANDREW DAS ARULSAMY
Journal of Chemical Sciences, 2013, Volume 125, Number 5, Page 1223
[28]
Antonio Bauzá, Tiddo J. Mooibroek, and Antonio Frontera
Angewandte Chemie, 2013, Volume 125, Number 47, Page 12543
[29]
Antonio Bauzá, Tiddo J. Mooibroek, and Antonio Frontera
Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 2013, Volume 52, Number 47, Page 12317
[30]
Kevin E. Riley and Pavel Hobza
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2013, Volume 15, Number 41, Page 17742
[31]
Antonio Bauzá, Ibon Alkorta, Antonio Frontera, and José Elguero
Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation, 2013, Volume 9, Number 11, Page 5201
[32]
Guiqiu Zhang, Xingjuan Zhao, and Dezhan Chen
The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 2013, Volume 117, Number 42, Page 10944
[33]
[35]
Johannes Ammer, Christoph Nolte, Konstantin Karaghiosoff, Sebastian Thallmair, Peter Mayer, Regina de Vivie-Riedle, and Herbert Mayr
Chemistry - A European Journal, 2013, Volume 19, Number 43, Page 14612
[36]
Ditte L. Thomsen, Jessica L. Axson, Sidsel D. Schrøder, Joseph R. Lane, Veronica Vaida, and Henrik G. Kjaergaard
The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 2013, Volume 117, Number 40, Page 10260
[37]
Guilherme Cañete Vebber, Patricia Pranke, and Cláudio Nunes Pereira
Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2014, Volume 131, Number 1, Page n/a
[38]
Andréanne Bolduc, Abelaziz Al Ouahabi, Charlotte Mallet, and W. G. Skene
The Journal of Organic Chemistry, 2013, Volume 78, Number 18, Page 9258
[39]
Devendra Mani and E. Arunan
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2013, Volume 15, Number 34, Page 14377
[40]
Florian Kraus, Hubert Schmidbaur, and Salih S. Al-juaid
Inorganic Chemistry, 2013, Volume 52, Number 16, Page 9669
[41]
Anna Stachowicz and Jacek Korchowiec
Journal of Computational Chemistry, 2013, Volume 34, Number 26, Page 2261
[42]
Ryne C. Johnston and Paul Ha-Yeon Cheong
Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry, 2013, Volume 11, Number 31, Page 5057
[43]
Matthias Lein, John A. Harrison, and Alastair J. Nielson
Dalton Transactions, 2013, Volume 42, Number 30, Page 10939
[44]
P. Aiswaryalakshmi, Devendra Mani, and E. Arunan
Inorganic Chemistry, 2013, Volume 52, Number 15, Page 9153
[45]
Mirosław Jabłoński and Guglielmo Monaco
Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, 2013, Volume 53, Number 7, Page 1661
[46]
John S. Lomas
Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry, 2013, Volume 51, Number 8, Page 469
[47]
Alexandra O. Borissova, Konstantin A. Lyssenko, Andrey A. Gurinov, and Ilya G. Shenderovich
Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie, 2013, Volume 227, Number 6-7, Page 775
[48]
Rémi Roux, Catherine Ladavière, Alexandra Montembault, Laurent David, and Thierry Delair
The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 2013, Volume 117, Number 24, Page 7455
[49]
Piyush Panini, T. P. Mohan, Usma Gangwar, Ravish Sankolli, and Deepak Chopra
CrystEngComm, 2013, Volume 15, Number 22, Page 4549
[50]
Ahmed El Kerdawy, Jane S. Murray, Peter Politzer, Patrick Bleiziffer, Andreas Heßelmann, Andreas Görling, and Timothy Clark
Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation, 2013, Volume 9, Number 5, Page 2264
[51]
Grace A. Ilevbare, Haoyu Liu, Kevin J. Edgar, and Lynne S. Taylor
Molecular Pharmaceutics, 2013, Volume 10, Number 6, Page 2381
[53]
Lavanya M. Ramaniah, C. Kamal, Rohidas J. Kshirsagar, Aparna Chakrabarti, and Arup Banerjee
Molecular Physics, 2013, Volume 111, Number 20, Page 3067
[54]
Dipak K. Hazra, Monika Mukherjee, and Alok K. Mukherjee
Journal of Molecular Structure, 2013, Volume 1039, Page 153
[55]
Camino Bartolomé, Fernando Villafañe, Jose M. Martín-Alvarez, Jesús M. Martínez-Ilarduya, and Pablo Espinet
Chemistry - A European Journal, 2013, Volume 19, Number 11, Page 3702
[56]
Martina Urbanova, Adriana Sturcova, Jiri Brus, Hynek Benes, Eliska Skorepova, Bohumil Kratochvil, Jan Cejka, Ivana Sedenkova, Libor Kobera, Olivia Policianova, and Antonin Sturc
Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2013, Volume 102, Number 4, Page 1235
[57]
Marina Ilijaš, Ivica Malnar, Vesna Gabelica Marković, and Višnja Stepanić
Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, 2013, Volume 76, Page 104
[58]
Karimulla Mulla, Yuming Zhao, and Louise N. Dawe
Acta Crystallographica Section E Structure Reports Online, 2012, Volume 68, Number 12, Page o3298
[60]
Paul Needham
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A, 2013, Volume 44, Number 1, Page 51
[61]
M. Ahmed, C. Jelsch, B. Guillot, C. Lecomte, and S. Domagała
Crystal Growth & Design, 2013, Volume 13, Number 1, Page 315
[62]
John S. Lomas
Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry, 2013, Volume 51, Number 1, Page 32
[63]
Lotta Berg, Moritz S. Niemiec, Weixing Qian, C. David Andersson, Pernilla Wittung-Stafshede, Fredrik Ekström, and Anna Linusson
Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 2012, Volume 51, Number 51, Page 12716
[64]
Lloyd Muzangwa, Silver Nyambo, Brandon Uhler, and Scott A. Reid
The Journal of Chemical Physics, 2012, Volume 137, Number 18, Page 184307
[65]
Paulo Cabral do Couto and Daniel M. Chipman
The Journal of Chemical Physics, 2012, Volume 137, Number 18, Page 184301
[66]
HEIDAR RAISSI, MAHDI YOOSEFIAN, FARIBA MOLLANIA, and FARZANEH FARZAD
Journal of Theoretical and Computational Chemistry, 2012, Volume 11, Number 05, Page 925
[67]
Dipak K. Hazra, Monika Mukherjee, Madeleine Helliwell, and Alok K. Mukherjee
Acta Crystallographica Section C Crystal Structure Communications, 2012, Volume 68, Number 11, Page o452
[68]
Robert E. Rosenberg
The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 2012, Volume 116, Number 44, Page 10842
[69]
Rodrigo Galindo-Murillo, Lena Ruíz-Azuara, Rafael Moreno-Esparza, and Fernando Cortés-Guzmán
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2012, Volume 14, Number 44, Page 15539
[70]
Bohumil Dolenský, Roman Konvalinka, Milan Jakubek, and Vladimír Král
Journal of Molecular Structure, 2013, Volume 1035, Page 124
[71]
P.P. Schmidt
Molecular Physics, 2013, Volume 111, Number 4, Page 475
[72]
Dasari L. V. K. Prasad, N. W. Ashcroft, and Roald Hoffmann
The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 2012, Volume 116, Number 40, Page 10027
[73]
Changzhun Shao, Matthias Grüne, Matthias Stolte, and Frank Würthner
Chemistry - A European Journal, 2012, Volume 18, Number 43, Page 13665
[74]
Quanli Gu, Carl Trindle, and J. L. Knee
The Journal of Chemical Physics, 2012, Volume 137, Number 9, Page 091101
[75]
Ditte Linde Thomsen, Theo Kurtén, Solvejg Jørgensen, Timothy J. Wallington, Signe Bang Baggesen, Cecilie Aalling, and Henrik G. Kjaergaard
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2012, Volume 14, Number 37, Page 12992
[77]
Yu. V. Novakovskaya
Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 2012, Volume 86, Number 9, Page 1385
[78]
Vytautas Balevicius, Kęstutis Aidas, Ingrid Svoboda, and Hartmut Fuess
The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 2012, Volume 116, Number 34, Page 8753
[79]
Honglei Xi, Dongmei Cun, Zhongyan Wang, Lei Shang, Wenting Song, Liwei Mu, and Liang Fang
International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 2012, Volume 436, Number 1-2, Page 857
[80]
Irena Majerz
The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 2012, Volume 116, Number 30, Page 7992
[81]
Stephanie L. Outcalt and Arno Laesecke
Journal of Molecular Liquids, 2012, Volume 173, Page 91
[82]
Adam J. Fleisher, Justin W. Young, and David W. Pratt
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2012, Volume 14, Number 25, Page 8990
[84]
Lin Du, Joseph R. Lane, and Henrik G. Kjaergaard
The Journal of Chemical Physics, 2012, Volume 136, Number 18, Page 184305
[85]
Charalampos G. Pappas, Andreas G. Tzakos, and Ioannis P. Gerothanassis
Journal of Amino Acids, 2012, Volume 2012, Page 1
[86]
Jérôme Graton, Zhong Wang, Anne-Marie Brossard, Daniela Gonçalves Monteiro, Jean-Yves Le Questel, and Bruno Linclau
Angewandte Chemie, 2012, Volume 124, Number 25, Page 6280
[87]
Yulia V. Novakovskaya
Structural Chemistry, 2012, Volume 23, Number 4, Page 1253
[88]
Honglei Xi, Zhongyan Wang, Yang Chen, Wei Li, Lin Sun, and Liang Fang
European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2012, Volume 47, Number 2, Page 325
[89]
Ponnadurai Ramasami and Thomas A. Ford
Journal of Molecular Structure, 2012, Volume 1023, Page 163
[90]
Ioannis Skarmoutsos, Dimitris Dellis, Richard P. Matthews, Tom Welton, and Patricia A. Hunt
The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 2012, Volume 116, Number 16, Page 4921
[91]
Yu Zhang, Baoming Ji, Anmin Tian, and Weizhou Wang
The Journal of Chemical Physics, 2012, Volume 136, Number 14, Page 141101
[92]
Justyna Kalinowska-Tłuścik, Dariusz Cież, and Sandrine Peyrat
Acta Crystallographica Section E Structure Reports Online, 2012, Volume 68, Number 4, Page o1025
[94]
Sachin Rama Chaudhari and N. Suryaprakash
Journal of Molecular Structure, 2012, Volume 1016, Page 163
[95]
Janos Nadas, Sinisa Vukovic, and Benjamin P. Hay
Computational and Theoretical Chemistry, 2012, Volume 988, Page 75
[96]
Himansu S. Biswal, Eric Gloaguen, Yohan Loquais, Benjamin Tardivel, and Michel Mons
The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 2012, Volume 3, Number 6, Page 755
[97]
Barbara Bankiewicz, Piotr Matczak, and Marcin Palusiak
The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 2012, Volume 116, Number 1, Page 452
[98]
A. J. Lopes Jesus and J. S. Redinha
The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 2011, Volume 115, Number 48, Page 14069
[99]
Katarzyna Kulczycka-Mierzejewska, Joanna Trylska, and Joanna Sadlej
Journal of Molecular Modeling, 2012, Volume 18, Number 6, Page 2727
[100]
Fernando Pirani, Luiz F. Roncaratti, Leonardo Belpassi, Francesco Tarantelli, and D. Cappelletti
The Journal of Chemical Physics, 2011, Volume 135, Number 19, Page 194301
[101]
Sumy Joseph, Ranganathan Sathishkumar, Sudarshan Mahapatra, and Gautam R. Desiraju
Acta Crystallographica Section B Structural Science, 2011, Volume 67, Number 6, Page 525
[102]
Lin Du and Henrik G. Kjaergaard
The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 2011, Volume 115, Number 44, Page 12097
[103]
Steve Scheiner
Chemical Physics, 2011, Volume 387, Number 1-3, Page 79
[104]
W. A. Herrebout and M. A. Suhm
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2011, Volume 13, Number 31, Page 13858

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.