Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

Pure and Applied Chemistry

The Scientific Journal of IUPAC

Ed. by Burrows, Hugh / Weir, Ron / Stohner, Jürgen

12 Issues per year

Increased IMPACT FACTOR 2012: 3.386
Rank 40 out of 152 in category Multidisciplinary Chemistry in the 2012 Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Report/Science Edition



Free Access

Terminology for biorelated polymers and applications (IUPAC Recommendations 2012)

Michel Vert1 / Yoshiharu Doi2 / Karl-Heinz Hellwich3 / Michael Hess4 / Philip Hodge5 / Przemyslaw Kubisa6 / Marguerite Rinaudo7 / François Schué8

1University Montpellier 1-CNRS, Montpellier, France

2RIKEN, Saitama, Japan

3Postfach 10 07 31, Offenbach, Germany

4Universität Siegen, Siegen, Germany

5University of Manchester, Manchester, UK

6Polish Academy of Sciences, Łódz, Poland

7CERMAV-CNRS, Grenoble, France

8University Montpellier 2, Montpellier, France

Project Year: 2004, Project Code: 2004-043-1-400

Citation Information: Pure and Applied Chemistry. Volume 84, Issue 2, Pages 377–410, ISSN (Online) 1365-3075, ISSN (Print) 0033-4545, DOI: 10.1351/PAC-REC-10-12-04, January 2012

Publication History

Published Online:

Like most of the materials used by humans, polymeric materials are proposed in the literature and occasionally exploited clinically, as such, as devices or as part of devices, by surgeons, dentists, and pharmacists to treat traumata and diseases. Applications have in common the fact that polymers function in contact with animal and human cells, tissues, and/or organs. More recently, people have realized that polymers that are used as plastics in packaging, as colloidal suspension in paints, and under many other forms in the environment, are also in contact with living systems and raise problems related to sustainability, delivery of chemicals or pollutants, and elimination of wastes. These problems are basically comparable to those found in therapy. Last but not least, biotechnology and renewable resources are regarded as attractive sources of polymers. In all cases, water, ions, biopolymers, cells, and tissues are involved. Polymer scientists, therapists, biologists, and ecologists should thus use the same terminology to reflect similar properties, phenomena, and mechanisms. Of particular interest is the domain of the so-called “degradable or biodegradable polymers” that are aimed at providing materials with specific time-limited applications in medicine and in the environment where the respect of living systems, the elimination, and/or the bio-recycling are mandatory, at least ideally.

Keywords: biomaterials; biomedicine; bioresorbability; degradability; dentistry; biodegradability; environment; IUPAC Polymer Division; pharmacology; polymers


  • 1

    10.1351/pac200779071153, J. H. Duffus, M. Nordberg, D. M. Templeton. Pure Appl. Chem.79, 1153 (2007).

  • 2

    10.1351/goldbook, IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the “Gold Book”). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: (2006–) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins.

  • 3

    10.1351/pac200779101801, J. Alemán, A. V. Chadwick, J. He, M. Hess, K. Horie, R. G. Jones, P. Kratochvíl, I. Meisel, I. Mita, G. Moad, S. Penczek, R. F. T. Stepto. Pure Appl. Chem.79, 1801 (2007).

  • 4

    10.1351/pac200476111985, W. J. Work, K. Horie, M. Hess, R. F. T. Stepto. Pure Appl. Chem.76, 1985 (2004).

  • 5

    The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed., Houghton Mifflin (2000). Updated in 2009.

  • 6

    D. F. Williams (Ed.). Definitions in Biomaterials, Proceedings of a Consensus Conference of the European Society for Biomaterials, Elsevier, Amsterdam (2004).

  • 7

    J. P. Griffin (Ed.). The Textbook of Pharmaceutical Medicine, Wiley-Blackwell (2009).

  • 8

    IUPAC. Compendium of Polymer Terminology and Nomenclature, IUPAC Recommendations 2008 (the “Purple Book”). Edited by R. G. Jones, J. Kahovec, R. Stepto, E. S. Wilks, M. Hess, T. Kitayama, W. V. Metanomski, RSC Publishing, Cambridge, UK (2008).

  • 9

    Europeen Committee for Standarization. Plastics – Guide for Vocabulary in the Field of Degradable and Biodegradable Polymers and Plastic Items, CEN/TR 15351:2006 report (2006). <http://esearch.cen.eu/>.

  • 10

    U.S. EPA online, Terms and Acronyms, <http://www.epa.gov/OCEPAterms/gterms.html>.

  • 11

    IUPAC. Compendium of Analytical Nomenclature, 3rd ed. (the “Orange Book”). Prepared for publication by J. Inczédy, T. Lengyel, A. M. Ure, Blackwell Science, Oxford (1998).

  • 12

    Princeton University. Wordnet: A Lexical Database for English <wordnetweb.princeton.edu/ perl/webwn>.

  • 13

    10.1351/pac199870051129, C. G. Wermuth, C. R. Ganellin, P. Lindberg, L. A. Mitscher. Pure Appl. Chem.70, 1129 (1998).

  • 14

    10.1146/annurev.energy.28.011503.163459, A. E. Martel, J. A. Davies, W. W. Olson, M. A. Abraham. Annu. Rev. Environ. Resour.28, 401 (2003).

  • 15

    Presidio Graduate School. The Dictionary of Sustainable Development (<http://www.sustainabilitydictionary.com/> + entry).

  • 16

    European Commission. Waste Framework Directive (European Directive 75/442/EC as amended) <http://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/legislation/a.htm>.

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.