Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

Physical Culture and Sport. Studies and Research

The Journal of Josef Pilsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw and International Society for the Social Sciences of Sport

4 Issues per year

Open Access
VolumeIssuePage

Open Access

Elite Young Team Players' Coping, Motivation and Perceived Climate Measures

Géczi Gábor1 / Vincze Géza1 / Koltai Miklós1 / Bognár József1

Hungarian Ice Hockey Federation, Budapest, Hungary1

Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University, Budapest2

This content is open access.

Citation Information: Physical Culture and Sport. Studies and Research. Volume 46, Issue 1, Pages 229–242, ISSN (Online) 1899-4849, ISSN (Print) 2081-2221, DOI: 10.2478/v10141-009-0020-2, December 2009

Publication History

Published Online:
2009-12-31

Elite Young Team Players' Coping, Motivation and Perceived Climate Measures

The purpose of this study was to compare and contrast coping skills, motivational profiles and perceived climate in elite young ice hockey, soccer, water polo and volleyball players. It was also our aim to examine how male and female athletes differ in the above mentioned psychometric measures. Men's soccer (n=23) and ice hockey (n=20), and also women's volleyball (n=15) and water polo (13) players ranged in age from 16 to 18 years (M age=17.17, SD=.85). Each team was a finalist in last year's national championship for their age group. The instruments used in this study included the Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire-2 (PMCSQ-2), The Sport Motivation Scale (SMS), and the Athletic Coping Skills Inventory-28 (ACSI-28). Cooperative learning does not tend to be high, as one would expect in elite team players. Ice hockey and soccer players usually had higher psychometric measures than water polo and volleyball players. Also, male athletes demonstrate better ACSI-28, PMCSQ-2, and SMS measures than their female counterparts in many of the variables. Amotivation seems to be the most important decisive factor both among team sports and male and female participants. Also, our results prove that there are major differences between young elite male and female team players, so coaches' work in most aspects of their work should be gender-specific. Coaches of youth teams have to understand the motivational factors and coping strategies their athletes demonstrate in order to optimally organize and plan the teaching-learning process in their exercises, especially focus on cooperative task-solving exercises.

Keywords: U18 players; ACSI-28; PMCSQ-2; SMS

  • Andreoli, A., Melchiorri, G., Volpe, S. L., Sardella, F., Iacopine, L., & De Lorenzo, A. (2004). Multicompartment model to assess body composition in professional water polo players. Journal of Sport Science and Medicine, 44, 38-43.

  • Aziz, A. R., Lee, H. C., & Teh, K. C. (2002). Physiological characteristics of Singapore national water polo team players. Journal of Sport Science and Medicine, 24, 315-9.

  • Bebestos, E. & Antonious, P. (2003). Psychological skills of Greek badminton athletes. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 97, 1289-1296.

  • Cresswell, S. & Hodge, K. (2004). Coping skills: Role of trait sport confidence and trait anxiety. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 93, 433-438. [CrossRef]

  • Csíkszentmihályi, M. (1975). Beyond boredom and anxity. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

  • Davis, C. & Mogk, J. P. (1994). Some personality correlates of interest and excellence in sport. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 25, 131-143.

  • Deci, E. L., Vallerand, R. J., Pelletier, L. G., & Ryan, R. M. (1991) Motivation and education: The self-determination perspective. Educational Psychologist, 26, 325-346. [CrossRef] [Web of Science]

  • Dolbier, C., Soderstrom, M. & Steinhardt, M. (2001). The relationship between self-leadership and enhanced psychological health and work outcomes. The Journal of Psychology, 5, 469-485. [CrossRef]

  • Duda, J., Chi, L., Newton, M., Walling, M., & Catley, D. (1995). Task and ego orientation and intrinsic motivation in sport. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 26, 40-63.

  • Duda, J. L. & Nicholls, J. G. (1992). Dimensions of achievement motivation in schoolwork and sport. Journal of Educational Psychology, 84, 290-299. [CrossRef]

  • Eccles, J. S. & Wigfield, A. (2002). Motivational beliefs, values, and goals. Annual Review of Psychology, 53, 109-132. [CrossRef]

  • Ferrer-Caja, E. & Weiss, M. R. (2000). Predictors of intrinsic motivation among adolescent student in physical education. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 71, 267-279. [CrossRef]

  • Frederick, C. & Ryan, R. (1993). Differences in motivation for sport and exercise and their relations with participation and mental health. Journal of Sport Behavior, 16, 124-146.

  • Géczi, G., Bognár, J., Tóth, L., Sipos, K., & Fügedi, B. (2008). Competitive State Anxiety (Csai-2-H), Athletic Coping Strategies (Acsi-28-H), And State-Trait Personality Inventory (Stpi-Y-H) Of Different Age Groups Of Hungarian National Ice Hockey Players. International Sport Science and Coaching, 2, 277-285. [CrossRef]

  • Géczi, L., Tóth, L., Sipos, K., Fügedi, B., Dancs, H., & Bognár, J. (2008). Examination of Competitive State Anxiety, Athletic Coping Skills and Personality in young elite Hungarian National Ice Hockey Players., Kinesiology, in press.

  • Goudas, M. Theodorakis, Y., & Karamousalidis, G. (1998). Psychological skills in basketball: Preliminary study for development of a Greek form of the ACSI-28. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 86, 59-65. [CrossRef]

  • Gould, D., Dieffenbach, K., & Moffett, A. (2002). Psychological characteristics and their development in Olympic champions. Journal of Applied Psychology, 3, 172-204.

  • Hammermeister, J. & Burton, D (2001). Stress, appraisal, and coping revisited: Examining the antecedents of competitive state anxiety with endurance athletes. The Sport Psychologist, 15, 66-90.

  • Hanin, Y. L. (1989). Interpersonal and intragroup anxiety in sports. In: Anxiety in sports. An international perspective. Ed: Hackfort, D. & Spielberger, C. D. New York: Hemisphere Publ, p. 19-38.

  • Hassandra, M., Goudas, M., & Chroni, S. (2003). Examining the factors associated with intrinsic motivation in physical education: A qualitative approach. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 4, 211-223. [CrossRef]

  • Jelinek, Z. (2000). The personality correlates of the physical vulnerability in sports. MSc thesis, Budapest: University of Eötvös Loránd.

  • Jones, G. (1995). More than just a game: research developments and issues in competitive anxiety in sport. British Journal of Psychology, 86, 449-478. [CrossRef]

  • Junge, A. Dvorak, J. Rosch, D., Graf-Baumann, T., Chomiak, J., & Peterson, L. (2000). Psychologal and sport-specific characteristics of football players. The American Journal of Sport Medicine, 28(59), S22-28.

  • Kais, K., Raudsepp, L. (2005) Intensity and direction of competitive state anxiety, self-confidence and athletic performance. Kinesiology, 1, 13-20.

  • Larson, R. W. (2000). Toward a psychology of positive youth development. American Psychologist, 55, 170-183. [CrossRef]

  • Martens, R., Vealey, R. S., & Burton, D. (1990). Competitive Anxiety in Sport. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics Books.

  • Meyers, M. C., Bourgeois, A. E., LeUnes, A., & Murray, N. G. (1999). Mood and psychological skills of elite and sub-elite equestrian athletes. Journal of Sport Behavior, 3, 399-409.

  • Murica, J. A. M., Gimeno, E. C., & Coll, D. G. (2007). Young athletes' motivational profiles. Journal of Sport Science and Medicine, 6, 172-179.

  • Newton, M. L. & Duda, J. L. (1993). Elite adolescent athletes' achievement goals and beliefs concerning success in tennis. Journal of Sport and Exercised Psychology, 15, 437-448.

  • Orlick, T. & Partington, J. (1988). Mental links to excellence. Sport Psychologist, 2, 105-130.

  • Pelletier, L. G., Fortier, M. S., Vallerand, R. J., Tuson, K. M., Briere, N. M., & Blais, M. R. (1995). Toward a New Measure of Intrinsic Motivation, Extrinsic Motivation and Amotivation in Sports: The Sport Motivation Scale (SMS). Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 1, 35-53.

  • Petherick, C., & Weigand, D. (2002). The relationship of dispositional goal orientations and perceived motivational climates on indices of motivation in male and female swimmers. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 33, 218-237.

  • Révész L., Bognár J., Trzaskoma-Bicsérdy G., & Kovács T. L. (2008). Validation of the Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire-2 (PMCSQ-2). Kalokagathia, in press (In Hungarian: English abstract).

  • Ryan, R. M. & Deci, E. L. (2000a). Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation: Classic definitions and new directions. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 25, 54-67. [CrossRef] [PubMed]

  • Ryan, R. M. & Deci, E. L. (2000b). Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being, American Psychologist, 55, 68-78. [CrossRef]

  • Sands, W. A. & McNeal, J. R. (2000). Predicting athlete preparation and performance: A theoretical perspective. Journal of Sport Behavior, 3, 289-300.

  • Smith, R., Smoll, F., & Schutz, R. (1990). Measurement and correlates of sport-specific cognitive and somatic trait anxiety: The Sport Anxiety Scale. Anxiety Research, 2, 263-280. [CrossRef]

  • Smith, R. E., Schitz, R. W., Smoll, F. L., & Ptacek, J. T. (1995). Development and validation of a multidimensional measure of sport-specific psychological skills: The athletic coping skills inventory-28. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 17, 379-398.

  • Stewart, C. & Meyers, M. C. (2004). Motivational Traits of Elite Young Soccer Players. Physical Educator, 4, 213-218.

  • Tillman, M. D., Hass, C. J., Brunt, D., & Bennett, G. R. (2004). Jumping and landing techniques in elite women's volleyball. Journal of Sport Science and Medicine, 3, 30-36.

  • Treasure, D. C., Roberts, G. C. (2001). Students' perceptions of the motivational climate, achievement beliefs, and satisfaction in physical education. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 72, 165-175. [CrossRef]

  • Vallerand, R. J., Losier, G. F. (1999). An integrative analysis of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in sport. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 11, 142-169. [CrossRef]

  • White, S. A., Duda, J. L. (1994). The relationship of gender, level of sport involvement, and participation motivation to task and ego orientation. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 25, 4-18.

  • White, S. A., Duda, J. L., Keller, M. R. (1998). The relationship between goal orientation and perceived purposes of sport among youth sport participants. Journal of Sport Behavior, 21, 4, 474-483.

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.