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Polish Journal of Surgery

The Journal of Foundation of the Polish Journal of Surgery

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Prevalence of Cryptosporidium sp. In Patients with Colorectal Cancer

Violetta Sulżyc-Bielicka1 / Lidia Kołodziejczyk1 / Sylwia Jaczewska1 / Dariusz Bielicki1 / Józef Kładny1 / Krzysztof Safranow1

Department of Clinical Oncology, Pomeranian Medical University1

Chair and Department of Biology and Medical Parasitology, Pomeranian Medical University2

Department of Gastroenterology, Pomeranian Medical University3

Department of General and Oncological Surgery, Pomeranian Medical University4

Biochemistry and Medical Chemistry5

This content is open access.
(CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

Citation Information: Polish Journal of Surgery. Volume 84, Issue 7, Pages 348–351, ISSN (Print) 0032-373X, DOI: 10.2478/v10035-012-0058-4, August 2012

Publication History:
Published Online:
2012-08-30

Prevalence of Cryptosporidium sp. In Patients with Colorectal Cancer

Parasitic protozoans of the Cryptosporidium genus are intracellular intestinal parasites of mammals, causing cryptosporidiosis. Clinically, cryptosporidiosis manifests as chronic diarrhoea. Individuals with immune disorders, including those with neoplasms, are at risk of symptomatic invasion.

The aim of the study was the evaluation of Cryptosporidium sp. prevalence in patients with diagnosed colorectal cancer.

Material and methods. The studied group encompassed 87 patients with diagnosed colorectal cancer, undergoing surgery at the Department of General and Oncological Surgery, Pomeranian Medical University, in the years 2009-2010. Immunoenzymatic tests for Cryptosporidium sp. on faeces samples were performed with the use of commercial test kit, ProSpecT®Cryptosporidium Microplate Assay (Remel Inc).

Results. The presence of Cryptosporidium sp. was found in 12.6% of studied patients with colorectal cancer. The performed statistical analysis did not reveal any correlation between Cryptosporidium sp. infection and gender, age, neoplasm advancement stage as per Astler-Coller scale, neoplasm differentiation grade, or neoplastic tumour localisation in relation to the splenic flexure.

Conclusions. There was found high prevalence of Cryptosporidium sp. in patients with colorectal cancer. It was comparable to the prevalence reported for patients with immune deficiency.

Keywords: Cryptosporidium; colorectal cancer

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