Alacs E. A., P. B. S., De Tores P. J. and Krauss S. L. 2010. Population genetic structure of island and mainland populations of the quokka, Setonix brachyurus (Macropodidae): a comparison of AFLP and microsatellite markers. Conservation Genetics 17: 297-309.
Antao T. and Beaumont M. A. 2011. Mcheza: A workbench to detect selection using dominant markers. Bioinformatics 1010.1093/bioinformatics/btr253.
Bednarek P. T., Orłowska R., Koebner R. M. D. and Zimny J. 2007. Quantification of the tissue-culture induced variation in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). BMC Plant Biology http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2229/7/10 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2229/7/10
Berger S. L. 2007. The complex language of chromatin regulation during transcription. Nature 447: 407-412.
Bird A. 2007. Perceptions of epigenetics. Nature 447: 396-398.
Bossdorf O., Richards C. L. and Pigliucci M. 2008. Epigenetics for ecologists. Ecology Letters 11: 106-115. [PubMed]
Bruce T. A., Matthes M. C., Napier J. A. and Pickett J. A. 2007. Stressful "memories" of plants: evidence and possible mechanisms. Plant Science 173: 603-608. [CrossRef]
Chen X. Y., Li N., Shen L. and Li Y. Y. 2003. Genetic structure along a gaseous organic pollution gradient: a case study with Poa annua L. Environmental Pollution 124: 449-455. [CrossRef]
Chinnusamy V. and Zhu J. K. 2009. Epigenetic regulation of stress response in plants. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 12: 133-139. [CrossRef]
Chwedorzewska K. J. 2008. Poa annua L. in Antarctic - searching for the source of introduction. Polar Biology 31: 263-268. [CrossRef]
Chwedorzewska K. J. 2009. Terrestrial Antarctic Ecosystems at the Changing World - an overview. Polish Polar Research 30: 263-273. [CrossRef]
Chwedorzewska K. J. 2010. Recent rapid regional climate changes in Antarctic and their influence on a low diversity ecosystems. Papers on Global Change IGBP 17: 17-30.
Chwedorzewska K. J. and Bednarek P. T. 2011. Genetic and epigenetic studies on populations of Deschampsia antarctica Desv. from contrasting environments at King George Islands. Polish Polar Research 32:15-26.
Chwedorzewska K. J. and Korczak M. 2010. Human impact upon the environment in the vicinity of Arctowski Station, King George Island, Antarctica. Polish Polar Research 31: 45-60. [CrossRef]
Convey P. 2006. Antarctic climate change and its influences on terrestrial ecosystems In: D. M. Bergstrom, P. Convey and A. H. L. Huiskes (eds) Trends in Antarctic Terrestrial and Limnetic Ecosystems: Antarctica as a Global Indicator. Springer, Dordrecht: 253-272.
Cornuet J. M. and Luikart G. 1997. Description and power analysis of two tests for detecting recent population bottlenecks from allele frequency data. Genetics 144: 2001-2014.
Darmency H. and Gasquez J. 1981. Inheritance of triazine resistance in P. annua: consequences for population dynamics. New Phytolgist 89: 487-493. [CrossRef]
Darmency H. and Gasquez J. 1997. Spontaneous hybridization of the putative ancestors of the allotetraploid Poa annua.New Phytolgist 136: 497-501. [CrossRef]
Dlugosch K. M. and Hyse C G. 2008. Genotypes on the move: some things old and some things new shape the genetics of colonization during species invasions. Molecular Ecology 17: 4583-4585. [PubMed] [CrossRef]
Dlugosch K. M. and Parker M. 2008b. Founding events in species invasions: genetic variation, adaptive evolution, and the role of multiple introductions. Molecular Ecology 17: 431-449. [PubMed] [CrossRef]
Duchesne P. and Bernatchez L. 2002. AFLPOP: Acomputer program for simulated and real population allocation based on AFLP data. Molecular Ecology Notes 3: 380-383. [CrossRef]
Ellis W. M. 1973. The breeding system and variation in populations of Poa annua L. Evolution 27: 656-662. [CrossRef]
Excoffier L. and Lischer H. L. 2010. Arlequin suite ver 35: a new series of programs to perform population genetics analyses under Linux and Windows. Molecular Ecology Resources 10: 564-567. [CrossRef]
Falush D., Stephens M. and Pritchard J. K. 2007. Inference of population structure using multilocus genotype data: Dominant markers and null alleles. Molecular Ecology Notes 7: 574-578. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Finnegan E. J. 2001. Epialleles - a source of random variation in times of stress. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 5: 101-106.
Finnegan E. J. 2010. DNA Methylation: a Dynamic Regulator of Genome Organization and Gene Expression in Plants. In: E. C. Pau and M. R. Davey (eds) Plant Developmental Biology - Biotechnological Perspectives. Springer-Verlag, Dordrecht: 295-323.
Fiuk A., Bednarek P. T. and Rybczyński J. J. 2010. Flow Cytometry, HPLC-RP, and metAFLP Analyses to Assess Genetic Variability in Somatic Embryo-Derived Plantlets of Gentiana pannonica Scop. Plant Molecular Biology Report 28: 413-420. [CrossRef]
Foll M. and Gaggiotti O. A. 2008. Genome scan method to identify selected loci appropriate for both dominant and codominant markers: a Bayesian perspective. Genetics 180: 977-993.
Frenot Y., Chown S. L., Whinam J., Selkirk P. M., Convey P., Skotnicki M. and Bergstrom D. M. 2005. Biological invasion in the Antarctic: extent, impacts and implications. Biological Reviews 80: 45-72. [CrossRef]
Frenot Y., Gloaguen J. C., Masse L. and Lebouvier M. 2001. Human activities, ecosystem disturbance and plant invasions in sub-Antarctic Crozet, Kerguelen and Amsterdam Islands. Biological Conservation 101: 33-50. [CrossRef]
Frenot Y., Gloaguen J. C. and Tréhen P. 1997. Climate change in Kerguelen Islands and colonization of recently deglaciated area by Poa kerguelensis and Poa annua.In: D. W. H. Walton (ed.) Antarctic communities: species, structure and survival. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge: 358-366.
Fu Y. X. 1997. Statistical tests of neutrality of mutations against population growth, hitchhiking, and background selection. Genetics 147: 915-925.
Grant-Downton R. T. and Dickinson H. G. 2005. Epigenetics and its implication for plant biology 1. "The epigenetic network in plants". Annals of Botany 96: 188-195.
Grant-Downton R. T. and Dickinson H. G. 2006. Epigenetics and its implication for plant biology 2. "The Epigenetic epiphany": Epigenetics, evolution and beyond. Annals of Botany 97: 11-27.
Halliburton R. 2004. Introduction to Population Genetics. Pearson Education Int., Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, USA: 650 pp.
Hammer Ø., Harper D. A. T. and Ryan P. D. 2001. PAST: Paleontological Statistics Software Package for Education and Data Analysis. Palaeontologia Electronica 4: 1-9 http://palaeoelectronica.org/2001_1/past/issue1_01.htm. http://palaeoelectronica.org/2001_1/past/issue1_01.htm
Heide O. M. 2001. Flowering responses of contrasting ecotypes of Poa annua and their putative ancestors Poa infirma and Poa supina.Annals of Botany 87: 795-804. [CrossRef]
Henderson I. R. and Jacobsen S. E. 2007. Review Article. Epigenetic inheritance in plants. Nature 447: 418-424.
Herrera C. M. and Bazaga P. 2010. Epigenetic differentiation and relationship to adaptive genetic divergence in discrete populations of the violet Viola cazorlensis. New Phytologist 187: 867-876. [CrossRef]
Hovin A. W. 1957. Seasonal variation ofmeiotic chromosome pairing in haploid Poa annua L. Genetics 42: 377-78.
Hughes K. A. and Convey P. 2010. The protection of Antarctic terrestrial ecosystems from inter-and intra-continental transfer of non-indigenous species by human activities: a review of current systems and practices. International Journal of Climatology 20: 96-112.
Hughes K. A., Convey P., Maslen N. R. and Lewis Smith R. I. 2009. Accidental transfer of non-native soil organisms into Antarctica on construction vehicles. Biological Invasions 12: 875-891.
Hutchinson C. S. and Seymour G. B. 1982. Biological flora of the British Isles. Poa annua L. Journal of Ecology 70: 887-901. [CrossRef]
Jablonka E. 2009. Transgenerational epigenetic inheritance: prevalence, mechanisms, and implications for the study of heredity and evolution. The Quarterly Review of Biology 84: 131-176. [CrossRef]
Jaligot E., Beulé T. and Rival A. 2002. Methylation-sensitive RFLPs: characterisation of two oil palm markers showing somaclonal variation-associated polymorphism. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 104: 1263-1269.
Johnson P. G. 1995. Genetics and physiology of flowering in Poa annua L. Ph. D. diss. University of Minnesota., St. Paul: 129 pp.
Johnson P. G., Rummele B. A., Velguth P., White D. B. and Ascher P. D. 1993. An overview of Poa annua L. reproductive biology. International Turfgrass Society Research Journal 7: 789-804.
Kalisz S. and Purugganan M. D. 2004. Epialleles via DNA methylation: consequences for plant evolution. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 19: 309-314.
Kumar S., Skjæveland A., Orr R. J. S., Enger P., Ruden T., Mevik B. H., Burki F., Botnen A. and Shalchian-Tabrizi K. 2009. AIR: A batch-oriented web program package for construction of supermatrices ready for phylogenomic analyses. BMC Bioinformatics 10: 357. [CrossRef]
Labra M., Ghiani A., Citterio S., Sgorbati S., Sala F., Vannini C., Ruffini-Castigilione M. and Baracale M. 2002. Analysis of cytosine methylation pattern in response to water deficit in pea root tips. Plant Biology 4: 694-699. [CrossRef]
Law R. 1981. The dynamics of colonising population Poa annua. Ecology 62: 1267-1277. [CrossRef]
Lewis Smith R. I. 1996. Introduced plants in Antarctica: potential impacts and conservation issues. Biological Conservation 76: 135-146. [CrossRef]
Lira-Medeiros C. F., Parisod C., Fernandes R. A., Ata C. S., Ardoso M. A. and Ferreira P. C. 2010. Epigenetic variation in mangrove plants occurring in contrasting natural environment. PLoS One 5: e10326. [CrossRef]
Luikart G., Allendorf F. W. and Sherwin W. B. 1998. Distortion of allele frequency distributions provides a test for recent population bottlenecks. Journal of Heredity 89: 238-247. [CrossRef]
Mengistu L. W., Mueller-Warrant G. W. and Barker R. E. 2000. Genetic diversity of Poa annua in western Oregon grass seed crop. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 101:70-79. [CrossRef]
Nei M. 1978. Estimation of average heterozygosity and genetic distance from a small number of individuals. Genetics 89: 583-590. [PubMed]
Olech M. 1996. Human impact on terrestrial ecosystems in west Antarctica. Proceedings of the NIPR Symposium on Polar Biology 9: 299-306.
Olech M. 1998. Synantropization of the flora of Antarctica: an issue. In: J. B. Faliński, W. Adamowski and B. Jackowiak (eds) Synantropization of plant cover in new Polish research. Phytocoenosis 10, Supplement Cartographiae Geobotanicae 9: 269-273.
Olech M. and Chwedorzewska K. J. 2011. The first appearance and establishment of alien vascular plant in natural habitats on the forefield of retreating glacier in Antarctica. Antarctic Science 23: 153-154. [CrossRef]
Peakall R. and Smouse P. E. 2001. GenALEx V5: Population genetic software for teaching and research. Australian National University, Canberra. www.anu.edu.au/BoZo/GenALEx/.www.anu.edu.au/BoZo/GenALEx/
Rapp R. A. and Endel J. F. 2005. Epigenetics and plant evolution. New Phytologist 168: 81-91. [CrossRef]
Ray N., Currat M. and Excoffier L. 2003. Intra-deme molecular diversity in spatially expanding populations. Molecular Biology Evolution 20: 76-86. [CrossRef]
Rogers A. R. 1995. Genetic evidence for a Pleistocene population explosion. Evolution 49: 608-615. [CrossRef]
Roldán-Ruiz I., Dendauw J., VAN Bockstaele E., Depicker A. and de Loose M. 2000. AFLP markers reveal high polymorphic rates in ryegrasses (Lolium spp.). Molecular Breeding 6: 125-134. [CrossRef]
Salmon A., Clotault J., Jenczewski E., Chable V. and Manzanares-Dauleux M. J. 2008. Brassica oleracea displays a high level of DNA methylation polymorphism. Plant Science 174: 61-70. [CrossRef]
Schönswetter P. and Tribsch A. 2005. Vicariance and dispersal in the alpine perennial Bupleurum stellatum L. (Apiaceae). Taxon 54: 725-732. [CrossRef]
Shannon C. E. and Weaver W. 1949. The Mathematical Theory of Communication. University of Illinois Press, Urbana, IL: 117 pp.
Stewards N., Ito M., Yamaguchi Y., Koizumi N. and Sano H. 2002. Periodic DNA methylation in maize nucleosomes and demethylation by environmental stress. Journal of Biological Chemistry 277: 37741-37746. [CrossRef]
Tan M. P. 2010. Analysis of DNA methylation of maize in response to osmotic and salt stress based on methylation-sensitive amplified polymorphism. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 48: 21-26. [CrossRef]
Tero N., Aspi J., Siikamäki P., Jäkäläniemi A. and Tuomi J. 2003. Genetic structure and gene flow in a metapopulation of an endangered plant species, Silene tatarica. Molecular Ecology 12: 2073-2085. [CrossRef]
Tutin T. G. 1952. Origin of Poa annua L. Nature 1969: 160.
Tutin T. G. 1957. A contribution to the experimental taxonomy of Poa annua L. Watsonia 4: 1-10.
Turner J., Colwell S. R., Marshall G. J., Lachilan-Cope T. A., Carleton A. M., Jones P. D., Lagun V., Reid P. A. and Iagovkuna S. 2005. Antarctic climate change during the last 50 years. International Journal of Climatology 25: 279-294. [CrossRef]
Uthup T. K., Ravindran M., Bini K. and Thakurdas S. 2011. Divergent DNA methylation patterns associated with abiotic stress in Hevea brasiliensis. Molecular Plant: 6: 996-1013. [CrossRef]
Vargas J. M. and Turgeon A. J. 2004. Poa annua - physiology, culture, and control of annual bluegrass. Wiley and Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey: 165 pp.
Verhoeven K. J. F, van Dijk P. J. and Biere A. 2010. Changes in genomic methylation patterns during the formation of triploid asexual dandelion lineages. Molecular Ecology 19: 315-324. [CrossRef]
Vos P., Hogers R., Bleeker M., Reijans M., Van de Lee T., Hornes M., Frijters A., Pot J., Peleman J., Kuiper M. and Zauber M. 1995. AFLP: a new technique for DNA fingerprinting. Nucleic Acids Research 23: 4407-4414. [CrossRef]
Volume 35 (2014)
Volume 34 (2013)
Volume 33 (2012)
Volume 32 (2011)
Most Downloaded Articles
- Enigmatic morphological disparity in tarsometatarsi of giant penguins from the Eocene of Antarctica by Hospitaleche, Carolina and Jadwiszczak, Piotr
- Fluctuations of tidewater glaciers in Hornsund Fjord (Southern Svalbard) since the beginning of the 20th century by Błaszczyk, Małgorzata/ Jania, Jacek A. and Kolondra, Leszek
- Extracellular hydrolytic enzyme production by proteolytic bacteria from the Antarctic by Tropeano, Mauro/ Vázquez, Susana/ Coria, Silvia/ Turjanski, Adrián/ Cicero, Daniel/ Bercovich, Andrés and Mac Cormack, Walter
- New crania from Seymour Island (Antarctica) shed light on anatomy of Eocene penguins by Acosta Hospitaleche, Carolina
- Variability of temperature and thickness of permafrost active layer at coastal sites of Svalbard by Dolnicki, Piotr/ Grabiec, Mariusz/ Puczko, Dariusz/ Gawor, Łukasz/ Budzik, Tomasz and Klementowski, Jan
Genetic and epigenetic variation in a cosmopolitan grass Poa annua from Antarctic and Polish populations
Instytut Biochemii i Biofizyki PAN, Zakład Biologii Antarktyki, ul. Pawińskiego 5a, 02-106 Warszawa, Polska1
Instytut Hodowli i Aklimatyzacji Roślin, 05-870 Błonie, Radzików, Polska2
This content is open access.
Citation Information: Polish Polar Research. Volume 33, Issue 1, Pages 63–80, ISSN (Online) 2081-8262, ISSN (Print) 0138-0338, DOI: 10.2478/v10183-012-0004-5, April 2012
- Published Online:
Genetic and epigenetic variation in a cosmopolitan grass Poa annua from Antarctic and Polish populations
Poa annua L. is the only non-native vascular plant that was successfully established in the maritime Antarctic. This project aimed to determine the amount of genetic and epigenetic variation within and between two populations of P. annua, one from South Shetland Is. (Antarctic) and the other one from Central Europe. We applied two AFLP marker systems, using endonucleases that recognised the same restriction site but differed in their sensitivity towards methylation. The Antarctic population differed from the Polish one both at the genetic and epigenetic levels. Genetic variability in the Antarctic population was lower than in the Polish one. Some loci in the Antarctic population showed signs of selection. The difference between Polish and Antarctic populations might be due to a weak bottleneck effect followed by population expansion. Using only epigenetic markers, the Antarctic population exhibited increased variation level compared to the Polish one. These may have resulted from plastic responses to environmental factors and could be associated with survival in extreme conditions.