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Polish Psychological Bulletin

The Journal of Committee for Psychological Sciences of Polish Academy of Sciences

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The relationship between general and specific self-efficacy during the decision-making process considering treatment

1 / Alicja Kuciej2 / Joanna Syska-Sumińska2

1University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Faculty in Katowice

2Medical University of Warsaw

Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Jolanta Życińska, University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Faculty in Katowice, 9 Kossutha Street, 40-844 Katowice, Poland. E-mail: jolanta.zycinska@swps.edu.pl. The contribution of Jolanta Życińska was partially supported by Grant No. N106 1077 36 from the Ministry of Science and Higher Education in Poland (data collection of the ACS patients).

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Citation Information: Polish Psychological Bulletin. Volume 43, Issue 4, Pages 278–287, ISSN (Print) 0079-2993, DOI: 10.2478/v10059-012-0031-4, December 2012

Publication History:
Published Online:
2012-12-14

Abstract

The aim of the study was to confirm the mediation effects of the task-specific self-efficacy on the relationship between the general self-efficacy and intention and planning considering treatment. The study comprised 265 subjects, of which 165 were post-mastectomy women and 100 patients hospitalized due to acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The variables were assessed using the Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES) and tools developed to examine the context of treatment. The data were analyzed using the bootstrapping procedure. The results confirmed the indirect effects of task-specific self-efficacy, both in women making a decision to undergo breast reconstruction, and in patients after ACS formulating intention to change risk behaviours. As smoking was considered to be a moderator in the post-ACS group, the obtained associations were observed only among the patients declaring quitting smoking. In view of the fact that taskspecific self-efficacy is susceptible to context (e.g. it may depend on quitting smoking), it is useful to assess it in order to increase treatment effectiveness.

Keywords: Social Cognitive Theory (SCT); general and task-specific self-efficacy; intention; planning; mediation

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