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Radiochimica Acta

International Journal for chemical aspects of nuclear science and technology

Ed. by Qaim, Syed M.

12 Issues per year

IMPACT FACTOR increased in 2013: 1.411
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SCImago Journal Rank (SJR): 0.649
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP): 0.938



Uranyl(VI) carbonate complex formation: Validation of the Ca2UO2(CO3)3(aq.) species

G. Bernhard / Gerhard Geipel / T. Reich / V. Brendler / S. Amayri / Heino Nitsche

Citation Information: Radiochimica Acta International journal for chemical aspects of nuclear science and technology. Volume 89, Issue 8/2001, Pages 511–, ISSN (Print) 0033-8230, DOI: 10.1524/ract.2001.89.8.511, September 2009

Publication History

Published Online:

We recently discovered a neutral dicalcium uranyl tricarbonate complex, Ca2UO2(CO3)3(aq.), in uranium mining related waters [1]. We are now reporting a further validation of the stoichiometry and the formation constant of this complex using two analytical approaches with time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy (TRLFS) species detection: i) titration of a non-fluorescent uranyl tricarbonate complex solution with calcium ions, and quantitative determination of the produced fluorescent calcium complex via TRLFS; and ii) variation of the calcium concentration in the complex by competitive calcium complexation with EDTA4-.

Slope analysis of the log (fluorescence intensity) versus log[Ca2+] with both methods have shown that two calcium ions are bound to form the complex Ca2UO2(CO3)3(aq.). The formation constants determined from the two independent methods are: i) logβ°213=30.45±0.35 and ii) logβ°213=30.77±0.25.

A bathochrome shift of 0.35 nm between the UO2(CO3)34- complex and the Ca2UO2(CO3)3(aq.) complex is observed in the laser-induced photoacoustic spectrum (LIPAS), giving additional evidence for the formation of the calcium uranyl carbonate complex.

EXAFS spectra at the LII and LIII-edges of uranium in uranyl carbonate solutions with and without calcium do not differ significantly. A somewhat better fit to the EXAFS of the Ca2UO2(CO3)3(aq.) complex is obtained by including the U-Ca shell. From the similarities between the EXAFS of the Ca2UO2(CO3)3(aq.) species in solution and the natural mineral liebigite, we conclude that the calcium atoms are likely to be in the same positions both in the solution complex and in the solid.

This complex influences considerably the speciation of uranium in the pH region from 6 to 10 in calcium-rich uranium-mining-related waters.

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