Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

Reviews in the Neurosciences

Editor-in-Chief: Huston, Joseph P.

Editorial Board Member: Topic, Bianca / Adeli, Hojjat / Buzsaki, Gyorgy / Crawley, Jacqueline / Crow, Tim / Eichenbaum, Howard / Gold, Paul / Holsboer, Florian / Korth, Carsten / Lubec, Gert / McEwen, Bruce / Pan, Weihong / Pletnikov, Mikhail / Robbins, Trevor / Schnitzler, Alfons / Stevens, Charles / Steward, Oswald / Trojanowski, John

6 Issues per year


IMPACT FACTOR increased in 2014: 3.330
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 3.358
Rank 97 out of 252 in category Neurosciences in the 2014 Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Report/Science Edition

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2014: 1.488
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2014: 0.885
Impact per Publication (IPP) 2014: 3.675

VolumeIssuePage

Issues

Interrelation between inflammation, thrombosis, and neuroprotection in cerebral ischemia

Wendy J. van der Spuy1 / 2

1Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, South Africa

2Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, Private Bag x323, Arcadia 0007, South Africa

Corresponding author

Citation Information: . Volume 23, Issue 3, Pages 269–278, ISSN (Online) 2191-0200, ISSN (Print) 0334-1763, DOI: 10.1515/revneuro-2012-0028, May 2012

Publication History

Received:
2012-02-16
Accepted:
2012-03-05
Published Online:
2012-05-03

Abstract

Stroke by mechanism of thrombotic cerebral ischemia is one of the leading causes of death and/or disability worldwide. Current research is under consensus that there are sex-based differences in both the prevalence and presentation of stroke and thrombosis. Here we discuss the interrelation between thrombosis and inflammation and call attention to points in the cerebral ischemic cascade where estrogen may be involved in neuroprotection. Cerebral ischemia triggers a series of events including inflammation, which is deeply interrelated with thrombosis; inflammation not only produces local thrombosis, but thrombosis can also amplify inflammation especially through the synergism of leukocyte and platelet activity. Research involving experimental animal models of cerebral ischemia has shown that sex hormones, especially estrogen, offer a degree of neuroprotection. Mechanisms of this neuroprotection may be linked to certain anti-inflammatory properties of estrogen, as well as estrogen’s regulation of thrombosis through the lowering of coagulation factors, among others. It is also understood that sex hormones alter the function and morphology of platelets and fibrin networks, and changes in platelet and fibrin network morphology offer one of the earliest confirmations of inflammation. Sex hormone levels, inflammatory processes, and thrombotic mechanisms are profoundly interconnected in predicting the outcome of cerebral ischemia.

Keywords: anti-inflammatory; coagulation; estrogen; leukocytes; platelets

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
Guo Yingjun and Qu Xun
Channels, 2013, Volume 7, Number 4, Page 231
[2]
C. V. Hutchinson, J. A. Walker, and C. Davidson
Journal of Endocrinology, 2014, Volume 223, Number 2, Page R9
[3]
Xuan Yang, Lei Feng, Changjiang Li, and Yu Li
Gene, 2014, Volume 539, Number 2, Page 258
[4]
Mark P. Thomas and Barry V.L. Potter
The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2013, Volume 137, Page 27

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.