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Slovenian Journal of Public Health

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Prevalence of chronic diseases among adult Slovene population

Nina Softič1 / Mateja Smogavec1 / Zalika Klemenc-Ketiš1 / Janko Kersnik1

Medicinska fakulteta Univerze v Mariboru, Slomškov trg 15, 2000 Maribor1

Katedra za družinsko medicino, Medicinska fakulteta Univerze v Mariboru, Slomškov trg 15, 2000 Maribor, Poljanski nasip 58, 1000 Ljubljana2

This content is open access.

Citation Information: Slovenian Journal of Public Health. Volume 50, Issue 3, Pages 185–190, ISSN (Online) 1854-2476, ISSN (Print) 0351-0026, DOI: 10.2478/v10152-010-0043-4, July 2011

Publication History

Published Online:
2011-07-11

Ocena Pogostosti Kroničnih Bolezni Med Polnoletnimi Prebivalci Slovenije

Izhodišča: Raziskava, ki jo predstavljamo v prispevku, je del raziskovalne naloge »Razširjenost samozdravljenja v slovenski populaciji«. Prikazati želimo razširjenost kroničnih bolezni v Sloveniji ter značilnosti posameznikov z obravnavanimi boleznimi. Posebno pozornost namenjamo prevalenci kroničnih bolezni v populaciji ter njihovi pojavnosti glede na starost, izobrazbo in zaposlitveni status.

Metode: Raziskava je presečna in temelji na anonimnem vprašalniku, ki smo ga aprila 2009 poslali na dom 1.000 iz telefonskega imenika naključno izbranim polnoletnim prebivalcem Republike Slovenije. Podatke smo statistično analizirali z metodo hi-kvadrat in s t-testom glede na naravo spremenljivk ter opravili multivariatno analizo.

Rezultati: V analizo smo vključili 41,0% vsebinsko pravilno izpolnjenih anket. Ugotovili smo, da je imelo v letu 2008 zdravstvene težave kar 70,5 % anketiranih oseb. Anketirani s kroničnimi boleznimi so bili v povprečju 15 let starejši od anketiranih brez kroničnih težav. Najvišjo povprečno starost smo ugotovili pri anketiranih osebah s sladkorno boleznijo (66,7±11,4), pri bolnikih z rakom (65,1±18,7) in pri bolnikih z revmatskimi boleznimi (64,5±14,6). Bolezni, kot so zvišan krvni tlak, revmatske bolezni, kožne bolezni in sladkorna bolezen, so pogostejše pri anketiranih osebah z nižjo stopnjo izobrazbe. Prav tako je prevalenca vseh bolezni višja pri skupini upokojenih kot pri ostalih anketiranih.

Zaključki: Raziskava je pokazala, da je prevalenca kroničnih bolezni v Sloveniji visoka. Znatno višja je pri ljudeh z nižjim socialno-ekonomskim statusom ter pri upokojenih, zato svetujemo, da v prihodnje posebno pozornost namenimo predvsem odkrivanju in obravnavanju kroničnih bolezni pri omenjenih skupinah slovenskega prebivalstva.

Prevalence of chronic diseases among adult Slovene population

Background: This study is part of the research entitled »Self-medication among Slovene citizens«. The aim of this paper is to show the prevalence of chronic diseases in Slovenia and to identify the characteristics of people with chronic health problems. The main emphasis is placed on the prevalence of chronic diseases in general population by age and educational and employment status.

Methods: A cross-sectional study, based on an anonymous questionnaire, was mailed to one thousand randomly chosen inhabitants in all regions of the Republic of Slovenia. The data were processed statistically using the chisquare test and t-test, depending on the nature of the variable and multivariable analysis.

Results: Forty-one percent of all questionnaires were analysed. Health problems in the previous year were reported by 70.5% of respondents. Individuals suffering from chronic diseases were on average 15 years older than those reporting no chronic health problems. Patients with diabetes had the highest mean age (667 + 11.4), there followed those with cancer (65.1 + 18.7) and those with rheumatic disease (64.5 + 14.6). The prevalence of all chronic diseases was highest in individuals with lower education and in pensioners.

Conclusions: The study has shown a high prevalence of chronic diseases in Slovenia. It is significantly higher in the population with lower socio-economic and employment status. More attention should therefore be paid to diagnosing and preventing chronic diseases, in these groups.

Keywords: družinska medicina; presečna raziskava; zdravstvene težave; izobrazba; zaposlitveni status

Keywords: family practice; cross-sectional study; health problems; education; employment

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