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Slovenian Journal of Public Health

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Socioeconomic position and some subjective indicators of health in young people in Slovenia

Helena Klanšček1 / Mojca Blenkuš1 / Tina Zupanič1

Inštitut za varovanje zdravja Republike Slovenije, Trubarjeva 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenija1

This content is open access.

Citation Information: Slovenian Journal of Public Health. Volume 51, Issue 2, Pages 87–94, ISSN (Online) 1854-2476, ISSN (Print) 0351-0026, DOI: 10.2478/v10152-012-0010-3, April 2012

Publication History

Published Online:
2012-04-03

Socioekonomski Položaj Družine in Izbrani Kazalniki Zdravja Mladostnikov v Sloveniji

Uvod: Socioekonomski položaj ima pomemben vpliv na zdravje in vedenje, povezano z zdravjem. V Sloveniji se s področjem raziskovanja razlik v zdravju otrok in mladostnikov ter socioekonomskim položajem še nismo poglobljeno ukvarjali. V članku nameravamo raziskati povezanost med socioekonomskim položajem in izbranimi kazalniki samoocenjenega zdravja ter z zdravjem povezanega vedenja pri mladostnikih pri nas.

Metode: V raziskavi se uporablja kvantitativna metodologija, in sicer standardni mednarodni anketni vprašalnik; vključenih je bilo 5.130 11-, 13- in 15-letnikov. Vzorčenje je bilo naključno, stratificirano; enota vzorčenja je bila razred. Za analizo podatkov smo uporabili hi-kvadrat in logistično regresijo.

Rezultati: Analiza povezanosti socioekonomskega statusa in izbranih kazalnikov zdravja ter z njim povezanega vedenja kaže, da je socioekonomski status pomembno povezan z vsemi izbranimi kazalniki, vendar pa je povezanost večinoma šibka. Mladostniki iz družin z nizkim socioekonomskim statusom (v primerjavi z mladostniki iz družin z visokim socioekonomskim statusom) pogosteje slabše ocenjujejo svoje zdravje, so manj zadovoljni s svojim življenjem, manj pogosto uživajo sadje vsak dan, so manj pogosto telesno aktivni, pogosteje se ocenjujejo kot predebeli, si manj pogosto umivajo zobe in so se manjkrat poškodovali v zadnjih 12 mesecih.

Zaključki: Ukrepe za preprečevanje neenakosti v zdravju je treba načrtovati od politične do individualne ravni. Potrebni so populacijski programi in ukrepi, ki bodo krepili zdravje in varovalne dejavnike celotne populacije ter zmanjševali neenakosti, pa tudi posebni programi in ukrepi za otroke in mladostnike iz revnejših družin ter tudi njihove družine, ki jim bodo omogočili pravičen in enak dostop do aktivnosti in virov zdravega življenja.

Socioeconomic position and some subjective indicators of health in young people in Slovenia

Background: Social economic conditions have an important influence on health and health behaviour. In Slovenia, there have been no in-depth engagements into researching the differences in the health of children and young people correlated to their socioeconomic conditions. In the article, we intend to research the connection between the socio-economic status and selected indicators of self-evaluated health and health-related behaviour in young people in our country.

Methods: The research uses a quantitative methodology, namely the standard international survey questionnaire, in which 5130 11, 13 and 15 year olds were included. Sampling was performed randomly stratified; the sampling unit was a class. For the purposes of the analysis, the chi-square and logistical regression were used.

Results: The analysis of the connectedness between socio-economic status and selected indicators of health and health-related behaviour in young people shows that the socio-economic status is significantly connected to all the selected indicators. However, the connectedness is mostly weak. Adolescents from families with a low socio-economic status (in comparison with adolescents from families with a high socio-economic status) more often evaluate their own health worse, are less satisfied with their own life, eat less fruit per day, are less physically active, more often evaluate themselves as overweight, wash their teeth less often and have had fewer injuries in the last twelve month.

Conclusions: Measures for preventing health inequalities have to be planned from the political to the individual level. Population programs and measures that would strengthen health and safety factors for the whole population and reduce inequalities are needed, as well as special programs and measures for children and adolescents from poorer families and also their families, who will be given the opportunity for fair and equal access to activities and sources for a healthy life.

Keywords: socio-ekonomski položaj; izbrani kazalniki zdravja; ocena zdravja; prehrana; gibanje; neenakosti

Keywords: social economic status; selected health indicators; self-related health; diet; exercise; inequalities

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