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Slovenian Journal of Public Health

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Quality of life and alcohol consumption: a review of the literature

Anja Černe1 / Lijana Zaletel-Kragelj1 / Polona Selič1

Medicinska fakulteta, Katedra za družinsko medicino, Univerza v Ljubljani, Poljanski nasip 58, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenija1

Medicinska fakulteta, Katedra za javno zdravje, Univerza v Ljubljani, Zaloška 4, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenija2

This content is open access.

Citation Information: Slovenian Journal of Public Health. Volume 51, Issue 2, Pages 147–154, ISSN (Online) 1854-2476, ISSN (Print) 0351-0026, DOI: 10.2478/v10152-012-0017-9, April 2012

Publication History

Published Online:
2012-04-03

Kakovost Življenja in Uživanje Alkohola: Pregled Literature

Uvod: Koncept kakovosti življenja smo uporabili za oceno posledic uživanja alkohola. Namen sistematičnega pregleda literature s področja kakovosti življenja in uživanja alkohola je bil opredeliti teme, ki so bile na tem področju raziskovane, in metodologijo, ki so jo avtorji uporabili.

Metode: Iz bibliografske baze Medline smo s pomočjo ključnih besed ‘quality of life’ in ‘alcohol drinking, alcoholism, alcohol-related disorders’ našli vse izvirne raziskovalne članke v angleškem jeziku, objavljene v zadnjih desetih letih, ki so vključevali prebivalstvo, starejše od 18 let. Ocenili smo ustreznost tako zbranih raziskav in v analizo vključili tiste, ki so obravnavale povezavo med uživanjem alkohola in kakovostjo življenja.

Rezultati: V analizo pa je bilo vključenih 27 raziskav. Po temah lahko raziskave razdelimo v 2 skupini - prve so proučevale povezavo med kakovostjo življenja in uživanjem alkohola v splošnem prebivalstvu, druge pa pri odvisnih od alkohola. Metodološko gre večinoma za presečne in longitudinalne neintervencijske raziskave. Intervencijske raziskave so bile narejene na prebivalstvu odvisnih od alkohola. Nobena raziskava ni uporabila kvalitativne metodologije.

Zaključki: Kakovost življenja je ustrezno merilo za ocenjevanje posledic uživanja alkohola. Manjkajo pa kvalitativne raziskave na tem področju.

Quality of life and alcohol consumption: a review of the literature

Background: The Quality of Life concept was used to evaluate the impact of alcohol consumption. The purpose of this systematic literature review was to determine the topics analysed and the research methodology used in the field of quality of life and alcohol drinking.

Methods: A search of the Medline database was conducted to find original research articles in English focusing on certain keywords, i.e. ‘quality of life’ and ‘alcohol drinking’, ‘alcoholism’ or ‘alcohol-related disorders’, published in the last 10 years, which included population above the age of 18. The abstracts of the resulting articles were screened to select articles focusing on the association between alcohol consumption and the quality of life. These articles were systematically reviewed and analysed for study method and research theme.

Results: 27 articles were included in further analysis. The researchers focussed on two major themes - the link between quality of life and alcohol consumption in the general population and in patients dependent on alcohol. Most of the studies were cross-sectional or longitudinal non-interventional studies. Intervention studies were mostly done on a population addicted to alcohol. Qualitative research methods were not used.

Conclusions: Quality of life is a relevant criterion for assessing the effects of alcohol consumption. There is a lack of qualitative research in this area.

Keywords: kakovost življenja; odvisnost od alkohola; pitje alkohola; alkoholizem; metode; življenjski slog

Keywords: quality of life; alcohol drinking; alcoholism; addiction to alcohol drinking; methods; lifestyle

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