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Sport Science Review

The Journal of National Institute for Sport Research

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"Is Intensity Decisive?" Changes in Levels of Self-efficacy, Stages of Change and Physical Activity for Two Different Forms of Prescribed Exercise

Thomas Bredahl1 / John Singhammer1 / Kirsten Roessler1

Centre for Sports, Health and Civil Society, Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark1

This content is open access.

Citation Information: Sport Science Review. Volume 20, Issue 3-4, Pages 85–112, ISSN (Online) 2069-7244, ISSN (Print) 2066-8732, DOI: 10.2478/v10237-011-0056-1, January 2012

Publication History

Published Online:
2012-01-24

"Is Intensity Decisive?" Changes in Levels of Self-efficacy, Stages of Change and Physical Activity for Two Different Forms of Prescribed Exercise

This study explores the long-term treatment effect on levels of self efficacy, stages of change and physical activity of prescribed exercise (EoP) for two different groups: a treatment group (TG) which includes patients with hypertension and a prevention group (PG). This study is an evaluation of best practice. Analyses were conducted at baseline and after 4, 10 and 16 months. The TG received group-based training and motivational counseling. The PG received motivational counseling only. No significant change in self-efficacy across time and no differences between groups were found. A significantly greater probability of reporting high level of stages of change was observed for the TG. No differences were observed between the groups across time. A significant increase in physical activity level across time was found, but no differences between the groups were found. EoP improves participants' level of physical activity and stages of change, regardless of the intensity of the intervention.

Keywords: exercise prescription; adherence; transtheoretical model; motivation; exercise; motivational interviewing

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