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Effects of Vermicompost, Fertilizer and Mulch on Plant Growth, Nodulation and Pod Yield of French Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)

B. Singh1 / K. Pathak1 / A. Verma1 / V. Verma1 / B. Deka1

Mizoram Centre, ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Kolasib-796081, Mizoram, India1

ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Umroi Road, Barapani-793108, Meghalaya, India2

This content is open access.
(CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

Citation Information: Vegetable Crops Research Bulletin. Volume 74, Issue , Pages 153–165, ISSN (Online) 1898-7761, ISSN (Print) 1506-9427, DOI: 10.2478/v10032-011-0013-7, August 2011

Publication History:
Published Online:
2011-08-12

Effects of Vermicompost, Fertilizer and Mulch on Plant Growth, Nodulation and Pod Yield of French Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)

Integration of vermicompost and organic mulch as elements of vegetable production system sustain soil fertility and crop productivity. A field experiment was conducted with the objective to investigate the effects of vermicompost, NPK fertilizer and organic mulch on crop growth, nodulation and pod yield of French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) with an ultimate aim of optimizing water and nutrient requirement in mild-tropical climate during dry season. The shoot growth traits, namely shoot length, number of primary branches, shoot fresh weight and shoot dry weight were increased by 28-63% through application of N P2O5 K2O 8:13:10 kg·ha-1 + vermicompost 3.75 t·ha-1 and by 5-50% in organic mulching treatments. Application of vermicompost reduced nodule fresh weight and nodule dry weight by 44.9 and 44.5%, respectively. Likewise, corresponding nodule number, nodule fresh weight and nodule dry weight were reduced by 8.6, 11.1 and 14.1% with organic mulching. Poor nodulations might be due to reduced oxygenation of the soils under vermicompost and organic mulch which is ultimately impeding the nitrogenase activity and biological nitrogen fixation. Mulching of French bean with dried grasses and crop residues are also led to higher single pod weight, pod length, pod weight/plant and pod yield by 10.9, 12.8, 20.1 and 20.2%, respectively. Present study shows that application of N P2O5 K2O fertilizer 8-15:13-25:10-20 kg·ha-1, vermicompost 2.50-3.75 t·ha-1, 4 cm thick mulch of dried crop residues and 50% irrigation is the most suitable and sustainable strategy to improve plant growth, pod formation and pod yield of French bean, and soil health of mild-tropical climate during dry season.

Wpływ Wermikompostu, Nawożenia Mineralnego i Ściółkowania na Wzrost Roślin, Tworzenie Brodawek Korzeniowch i Plon Strąków Fasoli Zwyczajnej (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)

Integracja wermikompostu i ściółek organicznych jako elementów systemu produkcji warzyw przyczynia się do utrzymania żyzności gleby i wydajności upraw. Przeprowadzono doświadczenie polowe, którego celem było zbadanie wpływu wermikompostu, nawozu NPK oraz ściółki organicznej na wzrost roślin, tworzenie brodawek korzeniowych i plon strąków fasoli zwyczajnej (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), a w końcowym rezultacie zoptymalizowanie zapotrzebowania na wodę i składniki mineralne w łagodnym klimacie tropikalnym w okresie pory suchej. Cechy wzrostu pędów, a mianowicie, długość pędu, liczba rozgałęzień głównych, świeża i sucha masa pędów, wzrosły o 28-63% dzięki zastosowaniu N P2O5 K2O 8:13:10 kg·ha-1 + wermikompost 3,75 t·ha-1 i o 5-50% po zastosowaniu ściółki organicznej. Zastosowanie wermikompostu zmniejszyło świeżą i suchą masę brodawek korzeniowych odpowiednio o 44,9 i 44,5%. Podobnie w przypadku ściółkowania organicznego, liczba brodawek korzeniowych, oraz świeża i sucha masa brodawek zostały zmniejszone o 8,6; 11,1 i 14,1%. Słabe tworzenie się brodawek korzeniowych może być spowodowane zmniejszonym natlenieniem gleby pod wermikompostem i ściółką organiczną, które ostatecznie utrudniają aktywność nitrogenazy i biologiczne wiązanie azotu. Ściółkowanie roślin fasoli zwyczajnej suszonymi trawami i resztkami pożniwnymi przyczyniło się również do większej masy pojedynczego strąka, długości strąka, masy strąka na roślinę oraz plonu strąków odpowiednio o 10,9; 12,8; 20,1 i 20,2%. Niniejsze badania pokazują, że zastosowanie nawozu N P2O5 K2O w dawce 8-15:13-25:10-20 kg·ha-1, wermikompostu w dawce 2,50-3,75 t·ha-1, i ściółki z suchych resztek pożniwnych o grubości 4 cm, oraz 50% nawadniania jest najbardziej odpowiednią i zrównoważoną strategią w celu poprawy wzrostu roślin, wytwarzania strąków i plonu strąków fasoli zwyczajnej, oraz zdrowotności gleby w łagodnym klimacie tropikalnym w okresie pory suchej.

Keywords: French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris); mulching; vermicompost; nodulation; pod yield; split plot design (SPD)

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