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The Content of Biologically Active Compounds in Some Fruits from Natural State

Ewelina Hallmann1 / Emilia Orpel1 / Ewa Rembiałkowska1

Faculty of Human Nutrition Sciences and Consumption, Department of Functional Food and Commodity, Division of Organic Food, Warsaw University of Life Science, Nowoursynowska 159 c, 02-776 Warsaw, Poland1

This content is open access.

Citation Information: Vegetable Crops Research Bulletin. Volume 75, Issue , Pages 81–90, ISSN (Online) 1898-7761, ISSN (Print) 1506-9427, DOI: 10.2478/v10032-011-0020-8, February 2012

Publication History

Published Online:
2012-02-15

The Content of Biologically Active Compounds in Some Fruits from Natural State

The ornamental plants with edible fruits can play several important functions, ensuring food for the wild animals and embellishing city parks, also these fruits contain high level of bioactive compounds and therefore provide valuable endorsement to the everyday diet. The previous studies of chemical composition of such fruits were fragmentary and superficial. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to analyse the content of major bioactive substances in these fruits.

The experiment was performed at the Laboratory of Division of Organic Food in 2010. The fruits of rowanberry (Sorbus aucuparia L.), flowering quince (Chaenomeles japonica (Thunb.) Lindl. ex Spach), wild rose (Rosa rugosa Thunb.) and berry apple (Malus baccata) were selected for the study. The content of dry matter (by gravimetric method), vitamin C (by colorimetric method), carotenoids and polyphenols (by HPLC) have been determined. The results collected indicate that the fruits of wild rose were characterized by the highest diversity of biologically active compounds among the species examined. At the same time, in these fruits the highest content of vitamin C, lycopene, gallic acid, D-quercetin glucoside, and myricetin has been found compared to the fruits of the other species tested. The highest content of beta-carotene was typical for rowanberry fruits and they contained chlorogenic and caffeic acids as well as quercetin and luteolin which were not detected in the fruits of the other species. Flowering quince and berry apple fruits contained significantly more lutein in comparison with other unusual fruit species examined.

Zawartosc Zwiazków Biologicznie Czynnych w Róznych Owocach Ze Stanu Naturalnego

Gatunki roslin ozdobnych majacych jadalne owoce spelniaja wiele funkcji: srodowiskowa (ozdobne owoce stanowia pokarm dla ptaków, szczególnie w okresie zimowym oraz sa dekoracja drzew w parkach miejskich), zdrowotna (owoce zawieraja liczne zwiazki biologicznie czynne, pozytywnie dzialajace na organizm czlowieka), a takze zywieniowa (z owoców mozna wykonywac rózne przetwory stosowane jako dodatki w tradycyjnej kuchni). Dotychczasowe badania skladu chemicznego opisanych owoców sa fragmentaryczne i powierzchowne. Dlatego celem podjetych badan byla szczególowa analiza zawartosci najwazniejszych substancji bioaktywnych w tych owocach. Doswiadczenie wykonano w Laboratorium Zakladu Zywnosci Ekologicznej, w roku 2010. Do badan przeznaczono owoce jarzebu zwyczajnego (Sorbus aucuparia L.), pigwowca japonskiego (Chaenomeles japonica (Thunb.) Lindl. ex Spach), rózy pomarszczonej (Rosa rugosa Thunb.) oraz jabloni jagodowej (Malus baccata). W owocach zmierzono zawartosc suchej masy (PN-R-04013:1988), witaminy C (PN-A-75101-11:1990), karotenoidów (Helsper et al. 2003) oraz polifenoli (Hertog et al. 1992). Otrzymane wyniki wskazuja, ze owoce dzikiej rózy charakteryzowaly sie najwiekszym zróznicowaniem zwiazków biologicznie czynnych, w porównaniu z pozostalymi badanymi gatunkami. Jednoczesnie owoce te zawieraly najwiecej witaminy C, likopenu, kwasu galusowego, D-glikozydu kwercetyny i myrycetyny w porównaniu z owocami pozostalych gatunków. Najwieksza zawartosc beta-karotenu stwierdzono w owocach jarzebu zwyczajnego. Owoce tego gatunku zawieraly tez kwas chlorogenowy, kawowy oraz kwercetyne i luteoline, które to zwiazki nie zostaly wykryte w owocach innych badanych gatunków. W owocach pigwowca japonskiego oraz jabloni jagodowej stwierdzono najwyzsza zawartosc luteiny w porównaniu z pozostalymi badanymi gatunkami.

Keywords: rowanberry; wild rose; berry apple; flowering quince; polyphenols; carotenoids

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