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Impact of Grafting on Watermelon Growth, Fruit Yield and Quality

Fouad Mohamed1 / Khalid El-Hamed1 / Mohammed Elwan1 / Mennat-Allah Hussien1

Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt 415221

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(CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

Citation Information: Vegetable Crops Research Bulletin. Volume 76, Issue , Pages 99–118, ISSN (Online) 1898-7761, ISSN (Print) 1506-9427, DOI: 10.2478/v10032-012-0007-0, August 2012

Publication History:
Published Online:
2012-08-30

Impact of Grafting on Watermelon Growth, Fruit Yield and Quality

Grafting is an alternative approach to reduce crop damage resulting from soil-borne pathogens and increases plant abiotic stress tolerance, which in turn increases crop production. The purpose of this study was to determine whether grafting could improve plant growth and fruit quality of watermelon through monitoring the changes induced by different rootstock-scion combinations. Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) cv. Aswan F1 was grafted into five rootstocks (Nun 6001 F1, Strongtosa F1, Tetsukabuto F1, Ferro F1 and Shintoza F1) hybrids between Cucurbita maxima and Cucurbita moschata. Highest vegetative growth and fruit yield were obtained by ‘Nun 6001 F1’ as a rootstock using the tongue approach method. Grafting reduced significantly sex ratio by reducing the number of male flowers. Grafting increased significantly lycopene content in fruit flesh by 57% over the control treatment, but did not affect soluble solids content (SSC). One third of the control non-grafted plants died and Fusarium oxysporum was isolated as the responsible pathogen. These results indicate that grafting watermelon onto specific rootstock influences growth, productivity, and quality of the fruit as well as disease resistance. Grafting can be suggested as an alternative method to control of Fusarium wilt in watermelon production.

Wpływ Szczepienia Na Wzrost Roślin Oraz Plon I Jakość Owoców Arbuza

Szczepienie jest alternatywną metodą ograniczania szkód w uprawach rolnych powodowanych przez patogeny glebowe oraz zwiększa tolerancję roślin na stresy abiotyczne, co z kolei zwiększa wydajność upraw. Celem badań było ustalenie, czy szczepienie może poprawić wzrost roślin i jakość owoców arbuza poprzez monitorowanie zmian wywołanych przez różne kombinacje podkładkazraz. Arbuz (Citrullus lanatus) odm. Aswan F1 zaszczepiono na pięciu podkładkach (Nun 6001 F1, Strongtosa F1, Tet-sukabuto F1, Ferro F1 i Shintoza F1) mieszańców Cucurbita maxima i Cucurbita moschata. Największy wzrost wegetatywny i plon owoców uzyskano na podkładce Nun 6001 F1, stosując metodę szczepienia przez stosowanie z języczkiem. Szczepienie spowodowało istotny spadek stosunku płci poprzez zmniejszenie liczby kwiatów męskich. Szczepienie zwiększyło istotnie zawartość likopenu w miąższu owoców, o 57% w stosunku do kontroli, ale nie wpłynęło na zawartość rozpuszczalnych substancji stałych (ekstraktu). Jedna trzecia nieszczepionych roślin kontrolnych obumarła, za co odpowiedzialny był wyodrębniony patogen Fusarium oxysporum. Wyniki te wskazują, że szczepienie arbuza na określonej podkładce wpływa na wzrost, plonowanie i jakość owoców, a także na odporność na choroby. Szczepienie można zaproponować jako alternatywną metodę zapobiegania więdnięciu, powodowanemu przez grzyb Fusarium, w produkcji arbuza.

Keywords: grafting; Citrullus lanatus; rootstock; yield; lycopene content; Fusarium wilt

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