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Zeitschrift für Assyriologie und Vorderasiatische Archäologie

Ed. by Sallaberger, Walther

Together with Cavigneaux, Antoine / Frame, Grant / Otto, Adelheid / van den Hout, Theo P.J.

2 Issues per year

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2014: 0.240
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2014: 1.194
Impact per Publication (IPP) 2014: 0.258

ERIH category INT2



The Babylonian Lunar Three in Calendrical Scrolls from Qumran

Jonathan Ben-Dov1 / Wayne Horowitz2



Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Assyriologie und Vorderasiatische Archäologie. Volume 95, Issue 1-2, Pages 104–120, ISSN (Online) 1613-1150, ISSN (Print) 0084-5299, DOI: 10.1515/zava.2005.95.1-2.104, July 2005

Publication History

Published Online:


The three calendrical scrolls from Qumran, 4Q320, 4Q321, and 4Q321a, contain diverse calendrical materials, including a system for dating lunar phenomena over a triennial cycle of months. These scrolls, known for some time now, were published in their official editions recently in DJD XXI. Research into the full significance of the scrolls continues. Below we will propose that the lunar data in the three scrolls match that in Late Babylonian astronomical texts.

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