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Zeitschrift für Assyriologie und Vorderasiatische Archäologie

Ed. by Sallaberger, Walther

Together with Cavigneaux, Antoine / Frame, Grant / Otto, Adelheid / van den Hout, Theo P.J.

2 Issues per year

ERIH category INT2

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Reflections on the Gt-Stem in Akkadian

N. J. C. Kouwenberg1

1.

Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Assyriologie und Vorderasiatische Archäologie. Volume 95, Issue 1-2, Pages 77–103, ISSN (Online) 1613-1150, ISSN (Print) 0084-5299, DOI: 10.1515/zava.2005.95.1-2.77, July 2005

Publication History

Published Online:
2005-07-27

Abstract

Among the functions which are usually ascribed to the Akkadian Gt-stem, the separative and the “intensive” (durative/habitual) functions are problematic because they do not recur in any other Semitic language, and because their relationship to the basic detransitive meaning of the t-infix is unclear. It is argued here that the Gt-stem does not have a separative function, and that the alleged separative Gt-stems represent a typologically not uncommon extension of a reflexive marker to motion verbs, which gives them a basically ingressive meaning. Moreover, the “intensive” function is argued to be a secondary development specific to literary Babylonian and largely unrelated to the original function of the t -infix.

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