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Zeitschrift für Kristallographie - Crystalline Materials

Ed. by Antipov, Evgeny / Bismayer, Ulrich / Huppertz, Hubert / Petrícek, Václav / Pöttgen, Rainer / Schmahl, Wolfgang / Tiekink, E. R. T. / Zou, Xiaodong

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Macromolecular phasing with SHELXE

G. M. Sheldrick

Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Kristallographie/International journal for structural, physical, and chemical aspects of crystalline materials. Volume 217, Issue 12/2002, Pages 644–650, ISSN (Print) 0044-2968, DOI: 10.1524/zkri.217.12.644.20662, September 2009

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SHELXE was designed to provide a simple, fast and robust route from substructure sites found by the program SHELXD to an initial electron density map, if possible with an indication as to which heavy-atom enantiomorph is correct. This should be understood as a small contribution to high-throughput structural genomics. The new sphere of influence algorithm combined with a fuzzy solvent boundary enables some chemical knowledge to be incorporated into the density modification in a general and effective manner. In the special cases of high solvent content (greater than 0.6) or very high resolution data (better than 1.5 Å) high quality maps can be produced. This raises the possibility of a new paradigm for atomic resolution structure refinement: instead of alternating atom parameter refinement with weighted electron density maps calculated with the phases of the current model, which inevitably leads to some model bias, all model building should be based on the model free experimental density map!

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