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Zeitschrift für Kristallographie - Crystalline Materials

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Crystal structures of GaX3 (X = Cl, Br, I) and AlI3

Sergey I. Troyanov / Thoralf Krahl / Erhard Kemnitz

Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Kristallographie - Crystalline Materials. Volume 219, Issue 2, Pages 88–92, ISSN (Online) 2196-7105, ISSN (Print) 2194-4946, DOI: 10.1524/zkri.219.2.88.26320, September 2009

Publication History

Published Online:
2009-09-25

Abstract

Crystal structures of GaX3 (X = Cl (I), Br (II), and I (III)) and AlI3 (IV) were determined at low temperature by single crystal X-ray crystallography. I is monoclinic, space group C2/m with a = 11.948(4), b = 6.855(3), c = 7.050(3) Å, β = 125.69(3)°, Z = 4, R1 = 0.038. IIIV are isotypic to each other: II is monoclinic, space group P21/c with a = 8.874(4), b = 5.637(2), c = 11.006(4) Å, β = 107.81(4)°, Z = 4, R1 = 0.056; III: a = 9.584(3), b = 6.084(2), c = 11.839(4) Å, β = 107.78(3)°, R1 = 0.044; IV: a = 9.591(3), b = 6.069(2), c = 11.902(3) Å, β = 108.05(3)°, R1 = 0.046. The crystal structures IIV are built of dimeric M2X6 molecules consisting of two MX4 tetrahedra sharing a common XX edge with shorter M-X (terminal) and longer M-X(bridging) distances. The structure of I can not be described in terms of the closest Cl packing, whereas the structures of IIIV are based on slightly distorted cubic closest packing of halogen atoms, which accounts for their strong tendency to twinning.

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