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Zeitschrift für Kristallographie - Crystalline Materials

Ed. by Antipov, Evgeny / Bismayer, Ulrich / Huppertz, Hubert / Petrícek, Václav / Pöttgen, Rainer / Schmahl, Wolfgang / Tiekink, E. R. T. / Zou, Xiaodong

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Monazite as a suitable actinide waste form

Hartmut Schlenz* / Julia Heuser1 / Andreas Neumann2 / Stephan Schmitz3 / Dirk. Bosbach4

1Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Intitue of Energy and Climate Research (IEK), Jülich, Deutschland

2Forschungszentrum Jülich, Institut für Energie- und Klimaforschung, Jülich, Deutschland

3Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Intitue of Energy and Climate Research (IEK), Jülich, Deutschland

4Forschungszentrum Jülich, Institut für Energie- und Klimaforschung, Jülich, Deutschland

* Correspondence address: Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Intitue of Energy and Climate Research (IEK), Wilhelm-Johnen-Strasse, IEK-6: Nuclear Waste Management and Reactor Safety, D-52425 Juelich, Deutschland,

Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Kristallographie - Crystalline Materials. Volume 228, Issue 3, Pages 113–123, ISSN (Print) 2194-4946, DOI: 10.1524/zkri.2013.1597, February 2013

Publication History

Published Online:
2013-02-11

Abstract

The conditioning of radioactive waste from nuclear power plants and in some countries even of weapons plutonium is an important issue for science and society. Therefore the research on appropriate matrices for the immobilization of fission products and actinides is of great interest. Beyond the widely used borosilicate glasses, ceramics are promising materials for the conditioning of actinides like U, Np, Pu, Am, and Cm. Monazite-type ceramics with general composition LnPO4 (Ln = La to Gd) and solid solutions of monazite with cheralite or huttonite represent important materials in this field. Monazite appears to be a promising candidate material, especially because of its outstanding properties regarding radiation resistance and chemical durability. This article summarizes the most recent results concerning the characterization of monazite and respective solid solutions and the study of their chemical, thermal, physical and structural properties. The aim is to demonstrate the suitability of monazite as a secure and reliable waste form for actinides.

Keywords: Monazite; Nuclear waste; Actinides

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