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Zeitschrift für Naturforschung B

A Journal of Chemical Sciences

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Orthoamide und Iminiumsalze, LXXIX [1]. N-[w-(Dimethylamino)alkyl]-N´,N´,N´´,N´´-tetramethylguanidine und davon abgeleitete Guanidiniumsalze: Synthese und Kristallstrukturen/ Orthoamides and Iminium Salts, LXXIX [1]. N-[w-(Dimethylamino)alkyl]-N´,N´,N´´,N´´- tetramethylguanidines and Salts Derived therefrom: Synthesis and Crystal Structures

Ioannis Tiritiris12 / 12

1Fakultät Chemie/Organische Chemie, Hochschule Aalen, Beethovenstraße 1, D-73430 Aalen, Germany

2Institut für Organische Chemie, Universität Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 55, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany

Citation Information: Zeitschrift für Naturforschung B. Volume 67, Issue 7, Pages 685–698, ISSN (Online) 1865-7117, ISSN (Print) 0932-0776, DOI: 10.5560/znb.2012-0061, June 2014

Publication History

Received:
2012-03-02
Published Online:
2014-06-02

N-(ω-Dimethylammonioalkyl)-N´,N´,N´´,N´´-tetramethylguanidinium-dichlorides 5a, b are obtained from the chloroformamidinium salt 2 and diamines 3a, b. Their crystal structures reveal that the guanidinium ions are associated with the chloride ions via N-H· · ·Cl hydrogen bonds. By deprotonation of 5a, b with one equivalent of sodium hydroxide, the guanidinium chlorides 4a, b are accessible, and a further deprotonation leads to the aminoguanidines 6a, b, which hydrolyze in the presence of excessive aqueous sodium hydroxide to give the aminoalkylureas 7a, b.

The salts 9a, b and 10a, b were synthesized from 4a, b and 5a, b, respectively, by anion metathesis by means of sodium tetraphenylborate. 7a reacts with dimethyl sulfate to give the waxy ammonium salt 11a, which was converted to the crystalline tetraphenylborate salt 12a. The crystal structures of all the tetraphenylborates were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis.

Graphical Abstract

Orthoamide und Iminiumsalze, LXXIX [1]. N-[w-(Dimethylamino)alkyl]-N´,N´,N´´,N´´-tetramethylguanidine und davon abgeleitete Guanidiniumsalze: Synthese und Kristallstrukturen/ Orthoamides and Iminium Salts, LXXIX [1]. N-[w-(Dimethylamino)alkyl]-N´,N´,N´´,N´´- tetramethylguanidines and Salts Derived therefrom: Synthesis and Crystal Structures

Keywords: Aminoguanidines; Aminoalkylureas; N,N,N´,N´,N´´-Pentasubstituted Guanidinium Salts; Chlorides; Tetraphenylborates; X-Ray Crystal Structures

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