Individualizing Production with DIANA: A Dynamic and Interactive Robotic Assistant for Novel Applications

Abstract

- Architects and designers have always aspired to move beyond the state-of-the-art to create individual, customized objects rather than to mass-produce. Today, innovative machines enable creative minds to finally turn many ideas into reality: Robotic technologies such as CNC-milling and 3-D printing have become increasingly accessible to architects and designers and assist in realizing nearly any imaginable workpiece. The programming of industrial robots is still commonly static; however, in order to enable the use of robotics in new fields involving construction and mounting applications, these programs need to adapt to their surroundings. Due to their high complexity and unstructured nature, construction can be seen as an ideal testing environment of the universal applicability of robots for a number of reasons: Robot behavior needs to dynamically adjust to environmental constraints, material, and construction tolerances. Lot sizes and repetitiveness of tasks are lower than within most production environments, leading at the moment to a very low utilization of robotics. Most industrial robots are not transportable or mobile enough for usage at the construction site. Due to fluctuation and a low degree of expertise within the workforce, a number of people without a technical background need to be able to use, calibrate, and reprogram a robot for construction tasks.

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