This chapter considers photogrammetric projects from the perspective of planning, accuracy and optimization. In most practical cases the required measurement accuracy in object space is critical to the design and configuration of a measurement process. Generally speaking, the accuracy to which features of interest can be coordinated is closely connected with costs and commercial viability of a system solution. However, there are a number of additional planning criteria to be taken into consideration. These are summarized in Section 7.1.1. The planning of a photogrammetric configuration and strategy is a complex process requiring due regard for a wide range of issues. Here the question of camera calibration plays a particular role and requires careful consideration, depending on the selected imaging technology and required accuracy. The image measurement network must be so configured that constraints imposed by object complexity, the specified accuracy, camera calibration, technical effort required and cost from commission through operation are all taken fully into account.