This study uses data collected in the West Bank to study the effect of intrauterine exposure to conflict during the Second Intifada on birth weight. We use the number of fatalities in a locality of residence during pregnancy as an instantaneous measure of local conflict intensity. Conditional on experiencing any fatality, pregnant mothers were exposed to 11 fatalities on average, which was related to a reduction in average birth weight of about 20 g (or 3 % of a standard deviation). Although the estimated reductions are only significant for boys. Our results are consistent with the notion that violent conflict triggers prenatal psychological or economic stress in pregnant women, which in turn harms unborn children.
Barros, C. P., and I. Proença. 2005. “Mixed Logit Estimation of Radical Islamic Terrorism in Europe and North America: A Comparative Study. Journal of Conflict Resolution 49 (2): 298–314.10.1177/0022002704272829)| false
Jaeger, D. A., E. F. Klor, S. H. Miaari, and M. D. Paserman. 2012. The Struggle for Palestinian Hearts and Minds: Violence and Public Opinion in the Second Intifada.” Journal of Public Economics 96 (3): 354–68.
Jaeger, D. A., E. F. Klor, S. H. Miaari, and M. D. Paserman. 2012. The Struggle for Palestinian Hearts and Minds: Violence and Public Opinion in the Second Intifada.” Journal of Public Economics 96 (3): 354–68.10.1016/j.jpubeco.2011.12.001)| false
Jaeger, D. A., and M. D. Paserman. 2008. “The Cycle of Violence? An Empirical Analysis of Fatalities in the Palestinian-Israeli Conflict.” The American Economic Review 98 (4): 1591–604.10.1257/aer.98.4.1591)| false
Jürges, H., L. Stella, S. Hallaq, and A. Schwarz. 2017. “Cohort at Risk: Long-Term Consequences of Conflict for Child School Achievement.” Discussion Paper No. 10994, IZA Institute for Labor Economics.
Jürges, H., A. Schwarz, S. Cahan, and Z. Abdeen. 2019. “Child Mental Health and Cognitive Development: Evidence from the West Bank.” Empirica 46 (3): 423–442.
Valente, C. 2015. “Civil Conflict, Gender-Specific Fetal Loss, and Selection: A New Test of the Trivers–Willard Hypothesis.” Journal of Health Economics 39: 31–50.10.1016/j.jhealeco.2014.10.00525461897)| false
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