An effective algorithm to overcome the practical hindrance for Wi-Fi based indoor positioning system

Bhulakshmi Bonthu 1  and M Subaji 2
  • 1 School of Computer Science and Engineering, VIT Vellore Institute of Technology, 632014, Vellore, India
  • 2 Institute for Industry and International Programmes, VIT Vellore Institute of Technology, 632014, Vellore, India

Abstract

Indoor tracking has evolved with various methods. The most popular method is using signal strength measuring techniques like triangulation, trilateration and fingerprinting, etc. Generally, these methods use the internal sensors of the smartphone. All these techniques require an adequate number of access point signals. The estimated positioning accuracy depends on the number of signals received at any point and precision of its signal (Wi-Fi radio waves) strength. In a practical environment, the received signal strength indicator (RSSI) of the access point is hindered by obstacles or blocks in the direct path or Line of sight. Such access points become an anomaly in the calculation of position. By detecting the anomaly access points and neglecting it during the computation of an indoor position will improve the accuracy of the positioning system. The proposed method, Practical Hindrance Avoidance in an Indoor Positioning System (PHA-IPS), eliminate the anomaly nodes while estimating the position, so then enhances the accuracy.

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