When discussing the philosophical question of the relation between mind and nature, dualistic approaches are often contrasted with scientistic approaches. However, mind can be situated in nature in a non-scientistic manner and outside of nature in a non-dualistic manner. John McDowell represents the first approach, as he connects mind to our second nature. In his attempt to specify the categorial relation between first and second nature, McDowell finds himself in a dilemma which cannot be solved within his framework. The second approach is represented by Nicolai Hartmann, for whom mind does not belong to nature, but to the real world. Hartmann’s ontology of layers is able to avoid McDowell’s dilemma and the unity of the real world is made intelligible.
Dahlstrom, D. (2012), Zur Aktualität der Ontologie Nicolai Hartmanns, in: Hartung, G., Wunsch, M., u. Strube, C. (Hg.), Von der Systemphilosophie zur systematischen Philosophie – Nicolai Hartmann, Berlin u. Boston, 349–366.
Funke, G., u. Rath, N. (1984), Art. „Natur, zweite“, in: Historisches Wörterbuch der Philosophie 6, Basel, Spp. 484‒494.
Gaskin, R. (2006), Experience and the World’s own Language. A Critique of John McDowell’s Empiricism, Oxford.
Gubeljic, M., Link, S., Müller, P., u. Osburg, G. (2000), Nature and Second Nature in McDowell’s „Mind and World“, in: Willaschek, M. (Hg.), John McDowell: Reason and Nature. Lecture and Colloquium in Münster 1999, Münster, 41–49.
Halbig, C. (2006), Varieties of Nature in Hegel and McDowell, in: European Journal of Philosophy 14.2, 222–241.
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