Space-time L2 estimates, regularity and almost global existence for elastic waves

  • 1 Department of Mathematics, Mie University, Faculty of Education, Mie, Japan
  • 2 Department of Applied Mathematics, Donghua University, 201620, Shanghai, P. R. China
Kunio Hidano
  • Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Education, Mie University, 1577 Kurima-machiya-cho, Tsu, Mie, 514-8507, Japan
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und Dongbing Zha

Abstract

In this paper, we first establish a kind of weighted space-time L2 estimate, which belongs to Keel–Smith–Sogge-type estimates, for perturbed linear elastic wave equations. This estimate refines the corresponding one established by the second author [D. Zha, Space-time L2 estimates for elastic waves and applications, J. Differential Equations 263 2017, 4, 1947–1965] and is proved by combining the methods in the former paper, the first author, Wang and Yokoyama’s paper [K. Hidano, C. Wang and K. Yokoyama, On almost global existence and local well posedness for some 3-D quasi-linear wave equations, Adv. Differential Equations 17 2012, 3–4, 267–306] and some new ingredients. Then, together with some weighted Sobolev inequalities, this estimate is used to show a refined version of almost global existence of classical solutions for nonlinear elastic waves with small initial data. Compared with former almost global existence results for nonlinear elastic waves due to John [F. John, Almost global existence of elastic waves of finite amplitude arising from small initial disturbances, Comm. Pure Appl. Math. 41 1988, 5, 615–666] and Klainerman and Sideris [S. Klainerman and T. C. Sideris, On almost global existence for nonrelativistic wave equations in 3D, Comm. Pure Appl. Math. 49 1996, 307–321], the main innovation of our result is that it considerably improves the amount of regularity of initial data, i.e., the Sobolev regularity of initial data is assumed to be the smallest among all the admissible Sobolev spaces of integer order in the standard local existence theory. Finally, in the radially symmetric case, we establish the almost global existence of a low regularity solution for every small initial data in H3×H2.

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