Reconstruction of 3D images of internal log characteristics by means of successive 2D log computed tomography images

Qiang Wei 1 , Shu Yin Zhang 2 , Ying Hei Chui 1 ,  and Brigitte Leblon 1
  • 1 Faculty of Forestry and Environmental Management, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada
  • 2 FPInnovations – Forintek Division, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada


Although three-dimensional (3D) internal log images are useful to wood scientists for assessing internal log features, little work has been carried out on this subject. The aim of this paper was to demonstrate how two-dimensional (2D) log images may be combined to create 3D images of internal log features. The selected log features include heartwood, sapwood, bark, and knots in a sugar maple log and a black spruce log. The 2D cross-sectional images of the logs were acquired through computed tomography (CT) scanning. For each log, 72 successive 2D cross-sectional CT images of the log were employed to create the corresponding 3D internal log images based on the marching cubes algorithm. The results suggest that the proposed method can produce clear 3D images for each selected internal log features in sugar maple and black spruce. The accuracy analysis of the 3D reconstruction is still a huge challenge and should be fully investigated in future work.

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Holzforschung is an international scholarly journal that publishes cutting-edge research on the biology, chemistry, physics and technology of wood and wood components. High quality papers about biotechnology and tree genetics are also welcome. Rated year after year as one of the top scientific journals in the category of Pulp and Paper (ISI Journal Citation Index), Holzforschung represents innovative, high quality basic and applied research.