Primary and secondary decay fungi on exposed pine tree logs in the forest

Gyu-Hyeok Kim 1 , Young Woon Lim 2 , Yong-Seok Choi 1 , Min-Ji Kim 1 ,  and Jae-Jin Kim 1
  • 1 Division of Environmental and Ecological Engineering, Korea University, Seoul, Korea
  • 2 National Institute of Biological Resources, Incheon, Korea

Abstract

The successional diversity of basidiomycetous fungi was studied on Korean pine (Pinus koraiensis) and pitch pine (Pinus rigida) logs that were left exposed on the forest floor based on fungal surveys conducted after 18, 42, and 54 months of exposure. A total of 131 basidiomycetous isolates were recovered from the logs and grouped by their cultural morphology. Fungal identification was achieved by a BLAST search of partial nuclear large subunit ribosomal DNA sequences in GenBank. The results of the 18 month survey revealed that the isolation frequency and fungal diversity were higher for pitch pine than Korean pine. The dominant species found on Korean and pitch pine logs during the first survey were Hypochnicium karstenii and Phlebiopsis gigantea, respectively. In the 42 and 54 month surveys, the primary species were replaced by Hypochnicium eichleri, Phanerochaetevelutina, Phlebia radiata, Rhizochaete sp., and Trametes versicolor. These results showed that decay fungi have host preference for woody materials that vary according to the species of tree being colonized.

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Holzforschung is an international scholarly journal that publishes cutting-edge research on the biology, chemistry, physics and technology of wood and wood components. High quality papers about biotechnology and tree genetics are also welcome. Rated year after year as one of the top scientific journals in the category of Pulp and Paper (ISI Journal Citation Index), Holzforschung represents innovative, high quality basic and applied research.

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