The impact of general anesthesia on mother-infant bonding for puerperants who undergo emergency cesarean deliveries

Kenta Nitahara 1 , Nobuhiro Hidaka 1 , Atsuhiko Sakai 1 , Saki Kido 1  and Kiyoko Kato 1
  • 1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan
Kenta Nitahara
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan
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, Nobuhiro Hidaka
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan
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, Atsuhiko Sakai
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan
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, Saki Kido
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan
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and Kiyoko Kato
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan
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Abstract

Background

Mother-infant bonding is an emerging perinatal issue. While emergency cesarean deliveries are associated with a risk of bonding disorders, the mode of anesthesia used for emergency cesarean deliveries has never been studied in this context. We aimed to investigate the impact of administering general anesthesia and neuraxial anesthesia to women undergoing cesarean deliveries on mother-infant bonding.

Methods

This was a retrospective, propensity score-matched multivariable analysis of 457 patients who underwent emergency cesarean deliveries between February 2016 and January 2019 at a single teaching hospital in Japan. The Mother-Infant Bonding Scale (MIBS) scores at hospital discharge and the 1-month postpartum outpatient visit were evaluated in the general anesthesia and the neuraxial anesthesia groups. A high score on the MIBS indicates impaired mother-infant bonding.

Results

The primary outcome was the MIBS score at hospital discharge in propensity score-matched women. After propensity score matching, the median [interquartile range (IQR)] MIBS scores were significantly higher in the general anesthesia group than those in the neuraxial anesthesia group at hospital discharge [2 (1–4) vs. 2 (0–2); P = 0.015] and at the 1-month postpartum outpatient visit [1 (1–3) vs. 1 (0–2); P = 0.046]. In linear regression analysis of matched populations, general anesthesia showed a significant and positive association with the MIBS scores at hospital discharge [beta coefficient 0.867 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.147–1.59); P = 0.019] but not at the 1-month postpartum outpatient visit [0.455 (−0.134 to 1.044); P = 0.129].

Conclusion

General anesthesia for emergency cesarean delivery is an independent risk factor associated with impaired mother-infant bonding.

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