Exercise during pregnancy: a comparative review of guidelines

Ioannis Tsakiridis 1 , Dimitra Rafailia Bakaloudi 2 , Artemis Christina Oikonomidou 2 , Themistoklis Dagklis 1  and Michail Chourdakis 2
  • 1 Third Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Department of Medicine, School of Health Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
  • 2 Laboratory of Hygiene, Social & Preventive Medicine and Medical Statistics, School of Medicine, Facutly of Health Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
Ioannis Tsakiridis
  • Third Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Department of Medicine, School of Health Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
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, Dimitra Rafailia Bakaloudi
  • Laboratory of Hygiene, Social & Preventive Medicine and Medical Statistics, School of Medicine, Facutly of Health Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
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, Artemis Christina Oikonomidou
  • Laboratory of Hygiene, Social & Preventive Medicine and Medical Statistics, School of Medicine, Facutly of Health Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
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, Themistoklis Dagklis
  • Third Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Department of Medicine, School of Health Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
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and Michail Chourdakis
  • Corresponding author
  • Laboratory of Hygiene, Social & Preventive Medicine and Medical Statistics, School of Medicine, Facutly of Health Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
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Abstract

Exercise during pregnancy may be beneficial provided that there are no contraindications. The aim of this study was to summarize and compare recommendations regarding exercise in pregnancy. Thus, a comparative descriptive review was conducted and included guidelines by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada and the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. All compared guidelines recommend that pregnant women without contraindications should undertake physical activities regularly, however, the type of workout performed should be adjusted based on the previous exercise experience and the physical condition of each pregnant woman. A variation among the reviewed guidelines was identified on appropriate and inappropriate activities and on indications to interrupt exercise. To summarize, the adoption of an international up-to-date consensus regarding appropriate exercise during pregnancy may be beneficial in ensuring the safety of the pregnant women while promoting their physical and mental health.

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