Cervical insufficiency: a noteworthy disease with controversies

Yu Han 1 , Mengnan Li 2 , Huijing Ma 2 ,  and Hailan Yang 2
  • 1 Department of First Clinical Medical College, Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan, P.R. China
  • 2 Department of Obstetrics, First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan, P.R. China
Yu HanORCID iD: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5497-7947, Mengnan Li
  • Department of Obstetrics, First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan, P.R. China
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, Huijing Ma
  • Department of Obstetrics, First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan, P.R. China
  • Search for other articles:
  • degruyter.comGoogle Scholar
and Hailan YangORCID iD: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0019-1295

Abstract

Cervical insufficiency (CI) is a mainly disease leading to recurrent abortions and preterm birth which may present in about 1% of obstetric populations. Recurrent pregnancy losses caused by CI incur serious economic burdens on society as well as huge psychological burdens to family members. However, many patients even clinicians in some areas of the world still remain confused about this disease. At the same time, the etiology of CI is still uncertain and it is still a controversial disease in diagnosis and treatment. This article summarizes the potential risk factors associated with CI, which could be worthy of attention and helpful for future research. It also reviews the methods for diagnosis and treatment of CI to better understand this noteworthy disease, as well as presents the related consensus and controversies according to the newly updated guidelines, which has practical significance for conducting more in-depth investigations in the future.

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