Capturing Citizens’ Information Needs through Analysis of Public Library Circulation Data

Tomoya Igarashi 1 , Masanori Koizumi 2  and Michael Widdersheim 3
  • 1 Graduate School of Library, Information and Media Studies, University of Tsukuba, 1-2 Kasuga, Tsukuba, Japan
  • 2 Faculty of Library, Information and Media Science, University of Tsukuba, 1-2 Kasuga, Tsukuba, Japan
  • 3 School of Library and Information Management, Emporia State University, Emporia, USA
Tomoya Igarashi
  • Corresponding author
  • Graduate School of Library, Information and Media Studies, University of Tsukuba, 1-2 Kasuga, Tsukuba, Ibaraki Pref, 305-8550, Japan
  • Email
  • Search for other articles:
  • degruyter.comGoogle Scholar
, Masanori Koizumi
  • Faculty of Library, Information and Media Science, University of Tsukuba, 1-2 Kasuga, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8550, Japan
  • Email
  • Search for other articles:
  • degruyter.comGoogle Scholar
and Michael Widdersheim

Abstract

The Japanese government has initiated lifelong learning policies to promote lifelong learning to a super-aging society. It is said that lifelong learning contributes to a richer and more fulfilling life. It is within this context that public libraries have been identified as ideal facilities for promoting lifelong learning. To support lifelong learning successfully, libraries must accurately grasp citizens’ needs, all while working within limited budgets. To understand citizens’ learning needs, this study uses public library circulation data. This study is significant because such data use is often unavailable in Japan. This data was used to clarify citizens’ learning interests. Circulation data was compared from two libraries in Japan: Koto District Library in Tokyo and Tahara City Library in Aichi Prefecture. The data was used to identify general learning needs while also accounting for regional differences. The methodology and results of this research are significant for the development of lifelong learning policy and programming.

  • Brooklyn Public Library. 2018. “BranchSTAT.” Accessed April 3, 2018. https://www.bklynlibrary.org/bklynstat/branchstat.

  • District, Koto. 2018. “Population Statistics.” Accessed March 21, 2018. https://www.city.koto.lg.jp/101020/kuse/tokeshiryo/tokehyo/862.html.

  • Drucker, P. F. 1969. The Age of Discontinuity: Guidelines to Our Changing Society. New York: Harper & Row.

  • Eve, J., M. de Groot, and A.-M. Schmidt. 2007. “Supporting Lifelong Learning in Public Libraries across Europe.” Library Review 56 (5): 393–406.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Japan Library Association Library Investigation Committee. 2017. Japanese Libraries: Statistics and Roster 2016. Tokyo: Japan Library Association.

  • Kanazawa, M. 2014. Theory of Services for Children, 2nd ed. Tokyo: Gakubunsya.

  • Kishida, K. 1994. “Method of Collection Evaluation by Library Use Statistics.” The Journal of Information Science and Technology Association 44 (6): 300–05.

  • Kishida, K. 2006. “Collection Evaluation and Method.” In Research on Collection Evaluation, edited by National Diet Library, 5–13. Kyoto Prefecture: National Diet Library.

  • Koto District Library. 2017. Libraries in Koto District in Tokyo: Fiscal Year 2016. Tokyo: Koto District Library.

  • Maeno, K. 1999. “The Present Situation of Yukuhashi Public Library: Evaluation of Its Collection and Use.” Library Science with a Slant to Documentation (74): 6–13.

  • Masuda, H. 2015. “To Avoid the Emergence of a Polarized Society: The Study of Population Concentration to Tokyo and Declining Population Issue in Japan.” The Japanese Journal of Real Estate Sciences 29 (2): 28–35.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • McDonald, A. M., and L. F. Cranor. 2009. “The Cost of Reading Privacy Policies.” A Journal of Law and Policy for the Information Society 4 (3): 543–68.

  • Mies, G. 2016. “Using Big Data to Address Local Needs.” Accessed April 2, 2018. http://publiclibrariesonline.org/2016/05/using-big-data-to-address-local-needs/.

  • Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology 2010. “Realization of Lifelong Learning Society and Comprehensive Promotion of Educational Policy.” In Fiscal Year 2009 White Paper on Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, edited by Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, 77–108. Tokyo: Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology.

  • Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology. 2013. “The Second Basic Plan for the Promotion of Education.” Accessed January 9, 2018. http://www.mext.go.jp/a_menu/keikaku/detail/__icsFiles/afieldfile/2013/06/14/1336379_02_1.pdf.

  • Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology 2018. “Realizing Lifelong Learning Society.” In Fiscal Year 2017 White Paper on Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, edited by Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, 93–117. Tokyo: Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology.

  • Ministry of Internal Affairs 2017. “The Arrival of the First Year of Using Big Data.” In 2017 White Paper on Information and Communications in Japan, edited by Ministry of Internal Affairs, 52–105. Tokyo: Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications.

  • Reed, J. 2015. “How the Brooklyn Public Library Used Data Visualization to Build a Better Library.” Accessed April 2, 2018. https://diginomica.com/2015/02/18/how-the-brooklyn-public-library-data-visualization-a-better-library-with-tableau/.

  • Sabo, R. M. 2017. “Lifelong Learning and Library Programming for Third Agers.” Library Review 66 (1): 39–48.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Scassa, T. 2014. “Privacy and Open Government.” Future Internet 6 (2): 397–413.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Statistics Bureau 2017. “Chapter 2 Population.” In The Statistical Handbook of Japan 2017, edited by Statistics Bureau, 7–21. Tokyo: Statistics Bureau - Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications.

  • Tahara City. 2018. “Statistics of Tahara City: Fiscal Year 2017.” Accessed March 21, 2018. http://www.city.tahara.aichi.jp/_res/projects/default_project/_page_/001/005/547/29toukei.pdf.

  • Tahara City Library. 2017. Libraries in Tahara City: Library Project Annual Report (Fiscal Year 2016). Aichi Prefecture: Tahara City Library.

  • The Department of Public Relations Cabinet Office. 2018. “Summary of ‘Poll on Lifelong Learning’.” Accessed December 29, 2018. https://survey.gov-online.go.jp/h30/h30-gakushu/gairyaku.pdf.

  • Yamaguchi, G. 2005. “The Public Library and Lifelong Education in Japan: An Overview.” Journal of Lifelong Education and Libraries 4: 225–29.

  • Yamaguchi, M. 2001. “A Learning Society for the Promotion of Lifelong Learning in Japan.” Lifelong Education and Libraries 2: 119–32.

  • Yoshida, Y. 2016. “Creating a Space for Autonomous Learning and Citizen Involvement in Collaboration with a Public Library.” New Library World 117 (9): 659–72.

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
Purchase article
Get instant unlimited access to the article.
$42.00
Log in
Already have access? Please log in.


or
Log in with your institution

Journal + Issues

Libri investigates the functions of libraries and information services from both a historical and present-day perspective and analyses the role of information in cultural, organizational, national and international developments.

Search